Barb Wilkie's EHN Website
Last updated 2008

EHN Board President Barb Wilkie was very ill from chemically-induced kidney disease for several years. She passed away May 31, 2011. EHN presents this site both as a tribute and as valuable information. Many links and references will be out of date but Barb's research holds up over time. We will be transferring the site page by page, with updated details, to EHN's main site. If you would like to reach an EHN staff person, please contact us directly.

EHN's General Links - E
Clicking on the alpha character will take you to another page of links.

Use the clickables if you are in a hurry to get to the following topics:

Earth | Earthquake | Connie Eash

Ecology | Ecology House | EDF | EHCWM | EHP | EI Briefing Paper

Electric Words | Electrical-EMF-EMR | E-Mail | Emphysema | ENT

Endangered species | Endocrine | Endometriosis | Environment | Environmental

EPD | Dr. Epstein | Escalante | Essential Oils

Eternity | Exxon Valdez | EYES

Looking for EPA? Visit our page of Government Links.
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EHN does not endorse any product, service, or therapy and none is intended or implied.
We bring you this information as a service



Two bits' worth from barb: Honest! You can get FREE voicemail and e-fax service!

E--The Environmental Magazine (E Magazine)

E.A.R.N. (Environmental Access Research Network) -- Please visit
P.O. Box 301; White Sulphur Springs, MT 59645
Voice: 406.547.2255;   Fax:406.547.2455

Ear Nose and Throat (ENT)


  • The Environmental Aspects of Ear, Nose, and Throat Disease: Part I
    William J. Rea, MDCFACS, Dallas, TX, Director, Brookhaven Environmental Unit; Clinical Associate
    Professor of Thoracic Surgery, Southwestern Medical School, University of Texas Health Science Center


  • The Environmental Aspects of Ear, Nose, and Throat Disease: Part II
    William J. Rea, MDFACS, Dallas, TX, Director, Brookhaven Environmental Unit; Clinical Associate
    Professor of Thoracic Surgery, Southwestern Medical School, University of Texas Health Science Center.



Earth Angels Association/Health & Environment Resource Center

Earth Crash Earth Spirit
Documenting the Collapse of a Dying Planet
Healing ourselves and a dying planet...

There is a wealth of information on this site! Use it and then ACT UPON IT. -- barb


Earth Day
EARTH AND HEALTH friendly places to shop

Earth Island Institute

Earth Songs

  • Earth Tech



    Earth Web
    "We hope to have a significant portion of the Earth Web Project completed by the
    U.N.'s World Environment Day in June 2000."

    Earthcrew TM Water filtration made easy.
    Note: I've been taught a trick by David Brown of Dirt Cheap Organics
    Earthcrew links will open a new page. Close the links to return to EHN's site. -- barb


    "Where Environmental Organizations Come To Grow"

    The Law Firm for the Environment


    Earthlaw has merged with EarthJustice


    Connie Eash


    East Bay MUD -- Water

  • East Bay Pesticide Alert - Don't spray California

    East Bay Regional Park District

  • Eastman
    Eastman produces a variety of raw materials that may be used as solvents in the fragrance industry.
    Also listed under EHN's section on Solvents. -- barb


  • Ecological Health Organization, Inc. (ECHO)
    New site:





    Dean Edell, MD (aka Dr. Dean)
    • Air Fresheners
      July 01, 1998
      "Asthma and allergy rates have many concerned about air pollutants. But a
      new report says some people are adding potent organic chemicals to the air
      they breathe without even realizing it. As Dr. Dean Edell reports, now they
      are issuing some warnings. . . .

    • Asthma
      Dean Edell's HealthCentral - Encyclopedia
      "... The stimulus or "triggers" that can induce an asthma attack are:
      ... odors in the household, such as household cleaners, perfumes, paints, varnishes,
      fabric softeners, laundry detergents and cooking fumes
      Too bad Dr. Dean doesn't also list perfumes and other fragrance products under his Workplace
      category. Modern synthetic scents have become ubiquitous and can cause or trigger more
      chronic diseases than just asthma. Not that asthma isn't deadly enough. -- barb


    • Chemical Sensitivity: Real Or Imaginary?

    • Contact lenses . . . Encyclopedia
      The suggestion: " Use hair sprays, perfumes, and spray deodorants in another room
      before you insert lenses. "

      The PROBLEM: Fragrance chemicals volatilize (become one with the air we all breathe, even
      the wearer). There is no escape. If you are wearing contact lenses, why put on superfluous
      chemical concoctions that create many adverse health events, including eye irriatation for user
      and nonuser? -- barb


    • Cosmetics Chemical May Damage Sperm
      From The HealthScout News Service:
      "A common chemical found in cosmetics, perfumes and certain plastics may damage
      the sperm of adult men, Harvard University researchers say.

      "The chemical type, known as phthalates, may cause damage to sperm's genetic material,
      the researchers report in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives. But they are
      unsure whether the damage could cause male infertility or birth defects, according to
      an analysis of the report from BBC News Online. The chemical has been shown to
      cause birth defects among animals, but that potential has not been proven in people. ..."


    • Environmental Health (search results)


    • Headaches a Lover's Bane on Valentine's Day --News-- (2/14/2003)
    • Men Provide a Pit Stop for Stressed Women
      " Male underarm odor also altered the timing and length of menstrual cycles in women
      exposed to the scent, and researchers say the finding may one day help treat infertility.
      By Serena Gordon; HealthScoutNews Reporter


    -- end Edell --

  • The Edmonds Institute
    ". . . a non-profit, public interest organization dedicated to education
    about environment, technology, and intellectual property rights"


  • EFA - ]ean Federation of Asthma and Allergy Associations
    EFA is the European Federation of Asthma and Allergy Associations, an alliance of
    33 organisations in 17 different countries across Europe.


    • Newsletters
      PDF files. But, if you download Issue 3 1999, you'll read: "The main worry of parents (38%) concerns the impact of the outside home
      environment (e.g. tobacco smoke, perfumes, dust and animal dander)
      and being in a situation of not knowing what to do in case of an asthma attack (34%). ..."


    EI Access -- Senator Milton Marks (1920 - 1998) []
    Access for People With Environmental Illness/Multiple Chemical Sensitivity
    and Other Related Conditions
    , Final Report, September 30, 1996

    E.I. Bare Basics/Resources
    Share, Care and Prayer

    EI Briefing Paper, 1990, by the Chemical Manufacturers Association

    We all should read this ... As I see it, the medical "controversy" over MCS has been
    manufactured by the CMA. It's all there . . . look at the far reach of their efforts. You wonder
    why Human Resources managers, Workers Comp, mainstream medical doctors, state legisaltors,
    newspapers, et al., don't give us the time of day. Well the reason is spelled out by the chemical
    industry. Read this paper so you, at least, have some understanding of what you are up against.

    Remember, there was dissent during Hitler's reign, but that dissent was never
    allowed to see the light of day in the media . . . sound familiar? -- barb

    EI Doctors and the WITCH HUNT
    It has happened before, it will happen again . . . and the next time,
    it may be that it is happening to your trusted doctor. -- barb


    To top of page.

  • Electric Words
    By Steven Fist

    EMF/EMR --Electrical/Electromagnetic Field (EMF)
    or Electromagnetic Radiation (EMR)

    Just for kicks, go to and enter "cell phone protection." Are you amazed by the
    number of sites that turn up, considering that cell phones are touted to be safe? You have a
    choice to use cell phones. You have a choice to purchase cell phone protection devices. And thanks
    to the Internet, you have a chance to do your own reseach on EMF/EMR away from industry
    bias and disinformation campaigns. So, do it! -- barb

    -- end Electrical Sensitivity/EMF/EMR, but this section grows by leaps and bounds --

    To top of page.

    E-Mail Addresses for media contacts . . .

    E-mail Gov. Davis (Still waiting 8/30/99; read response.)

    E-mail hoaxes (See page H, Hoaxes)


    EMSL Analytical, Inc
    "EMSL Analytical, Inc is a full service analytical testing laboratory providing
    environmental, chemical, forensic, failure, indoor air quality, materials and industrial
    hygiene analysis services since 1981. Our laboratory provides analysis of mold,
    indoor air quality contaminations, asbestos, lead, metals, silica, pcb's, volatiles, btex,
    mtbe, base neutral acids, total petroleum hydrocarbons, diesel and gasoline range
    organics, hazardous waste and other environmental pollutants. EMSL Analytical's
    quality is recognized by many well respected state, federal and private accrediting
    agencies. Our 20 nationwide laboratory locations and committment to providing
    quality laboratory services has ranked us at one of the top 20 environmental testing
    laboratories in the nation."

    Encyclopedias of math and science
    Eric's Treasure Troves of Science
    on-line encyclopedias of math and science

    Endependence Center of Northern Virginia


    Endocrine [hormone] Disrupters
    Also see EHN's Phthalates at

    Also see EHN's Hormone Disrupters

    -- end endocrine disrupters --

    Endometriosis (Endo)

    To top of page.

    English is a Crazy Language

    Environment -- Health, Newsletters, Support

    EHN's meetings


  • Environmental Health Center - Dallas

  • The Environmental Health Clearinghouse

  • Environmental Health Coalition (EHC) - San Diego

  • Environmental Health Coalition of Western Massachusetts (EHCWM)
    P.O. Box 614
    Leverett, MA 01054

    Join EHCWM ... they've many activities. You will be helped and untold millions will also benefit. -- barb
    • Creating A Healthy Home
      Healthy home brochure by Environmental Health Coalition of Western Mass.

    • Fragrances are not just pleasant odors ...
      Fragrances are toxic chemicals you breathe and
      absorb through your skin

      Fragrance brochure by Environmental Health Coalition of Western Mass.


        Indicate which brochure (or both) you want.
          10 = $ 3
          25 = $ 6.50
          50 = $12
          100 = $ 22
          250 = $ 52
          500 = $100
        (Prices subject to change. -- barb)

        Checks payable to EHCWM/ISIS
        Mail to:
        Environmental Health Coalition of Western Massachusetts
        P.O. Box 614
        Leverett, MA 01054

      • Environmental Health Counseling
        By Peggy Wolff; Many Hands


    • Environmental Health Group
      275 King Street East, Suite 223
      Toronto, Ontario M5A 1K2

      tel: (613) 728-5069 Ottawa

    • Environmental health hazards checklist
      A checklist of common environmental hazards (chemical, biological, and
      electromagnetic) in the home, community and workplace,

      compiled by Roger Wicke, Ph.D., Director, Rocky Mountain Herbal Institute chem


    • Environmental Health News
      news compiled by Environmental Health Sciences

        is published daily by Environmental Health Sciences, a not-for-profit organization founded in 2002 to help increase public understanding of emerging scientific links between environmental exposures and human health. EHS publishes 3 websites:


  (in partnership with the Collaborative for Health
        and the Environment)


    • Environmental Health Network (EHN) - this site


    • Enviornmental Home Center
      Source for green building materials


    • Environmental Illness - Allergy, Intolerance and Multiple Chemical Sensitivity
    • Environmental Illness Briefing Paper
      Environmental Illness Briefing Paper by the Chemical Manufacturers Association, 1990
      This is the paper that laid it all out against those with EI. Read it. I see this effort as a major
      reason why we get nowhere in our attempts to gain access and accommodation in the workforce,
      in school, in healthcare facilities -- everythibng from doctor's offices to hospitals to skilled
      nursing facilities -- or in retirement homes, or with government, with public transportation
      conveyances . . . . -- barb

    • Environmental Jobs and Careers
      "E Jobs links to environmental opportunities in the USA and Canada. Employment includes careers such as
      environmental engineers, nature and wetlands scientists, GIS, technicians, chemists, earth sciences
      / geologists, policy and law, wildlife conservation, planning, education, wastewater treatment and
      operations, program and project management, etc."

    • Environmental Law Foundation
      Visit California's "Prop 65" links -- barb
      The Environmental Law Foundation works to protect people from
      environmental hazards, whether in the air and water, in their homes,
      workplaces and communities, or in the products they buy and use.

    • Environmental Medicine Meets a Growing Need,
      Say Witnesses at CPSO Hearing

  • Environmental Health information --

  • Environmental Health links through Yahoo

  • Environmental Health Network, Chesapeake, VA

  • Environmental Health Network [of California] (the homepage of this site)
    We've been told, EHN's site is a great place to begin one's research.
    We hope you, too, will find it very useful. -- barb

  • Environmental Health Perspectives - EHP (Journals online)

    EHP Archives

    Search EHP

    Also see EHN's The Word IS Out at Note, you may be interested in also reading, "Cumulative Impact" by
    Gregory C. Pratt; Minnesota Pollution Control Agency


    • Individual Copy Ordering Options


    • Baby Ills from Beauty Aids?


    • 37-Year-Old Mechanic with Multiple Chemical Sensitivities
      Environmental Health Perspectives
      Volume 108, Number 4, Apr00

      or see at:


    • A Variety of Environmentally Persistent Chemicals,
      Including Some Phthalate Plasticizers, Are Weakly Estrogenic

      I>NOTE: We found phthalates with the analyses of synthetic fragrances.
      See FDA Petitiion. -- barb


    • The Adverse Effect of Low Levels of Ambient Air Pollutants on Lung Function
      Growth in Preadolescent Children

      Wieslaw Jedrychowski, Elzbieta Flak, and Elzbieta MrÛz
      Chair of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Collegium Medicum in
      Jagiellonian University, KrakÛw, Poland
      Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 107, Number 8, August 1999


    • Autoimmune Disease and the Environment
      Environmental Health Perspectives
      Volume 106, Number 12 December 1998


    • The Beat - Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 108, Number 12, December 2000
        Oxygen Mix Saves Lives
        " Doctors at Toronto General Hospital have invented a device that can eliminate
        carbon monoxide (CO) from the body three times faster than conventional
        treatment. Conventional treatment calls for giving the patient pure oxygen, but
        the Toronto researchers found that delivering a mix of oxygen and carbon
        dioxide clears CO from the body faster. The new device requires only simple
        modifications to the regular oxygen masks and tanks already found in
        ambulances and hospitals.

        " Researcher Joseph Fisher says that CO is the leading cause of fatal poisoning in
        the industrialized world. Because symptoms of poisoning can swiftly progress
        to coma and even death, it is critical to eliminate CO from the exposed patient's
        body as soon as possible."

    • Bugged by Automatic Sprayers
      Environmental Health Perspectives
      Volume 108, Number 12, December 2000
      Also see EHN's section on Alerts and Automatic Dispensers, page A. -- barb


    • Carbon Disulfide Neurotoxicity Defined
      Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 106, Number 9, September 1998
    • Childhood Cancer: A growing problem
      Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 106, Number 1, January 1998
      "...The rising trends appear to be most pronounced in the childhood cancers that are also
      most often diagnosed in the United States--leukemia and tumors of the central
      nervous system (CNS)--which, combined, account for roughly 50% of all cases. Both
      diseases are diagnosed most often among young children--leukemia in children under
      the age of two, and CNS cancers in children younger than five. ..."
      Without trying to be a raging alarmist ... NAS recommended testing fragrances for neurotoxicity
      back in 1986, before the 99th US Congress. That still is NOT done! Nor do we know what
      part is played by the carcinogens and teratogens, which are commonly found among the
      fragrance chemicals. And there still are no warning labels on synthetic fragrances in personal
      care and cleaning/maintenance products. -- barb


    • Children's Environmental Health and Safety Inventory of Research (CHEHSIR)
      Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 107, Number 11, November 1999
      " The NIEHS is pleased to introduce CHEHSIR, a publicly accessible database created
      and maintained in response to presidential Executive Order 13045 "Protection of Children
      from Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risk." CHEHSIR's purpose is to ensure
      that federal research agencies, researchers at universities, community groups, and
      the public have access to information on all research conducted or funded by the federal
      government that is related to the adverse health risks for children resulting from
      exposure to environmental agents and safety risks.
      I ask: Where is the CHEHSIR information on fragrances which contain chemicals that are
      known sensitizers and irritants (HELLO asthma rate increases!), as well as chemicals that are
      known or suspected carcinogens (capable of causing cancer), neurotoxins (adversely affecting
      brain and nervous systems) and teratogens (adversely affecting embryonic and fetal development).
      Let us think about it!! How long can our experts use the one-word non-explanation
      explanation "UNEXPLAINED" in response to queries about the rising rates in our chronic
      diseases such as asthma, cacners, Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, ADD, Autism, MCS, CFIDS, . . . -- barb


    • Cumulative Impact
      Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 108, Number 4, April 2000
      "... "Cumulative" means growing by successive additions. This could mean additions over
      time, additional pollutants, additional sources of pollution, or additional routes of
      impact. The term could also be used to describe an individual's integrated exposure to
      pollutants as he or she engages in daily activities and moves through successive
      microenvironments. ..."


    • Decrease in Anogenital Distance Among Male Infants with
      Prenatal Phthalate Exposure

      Environmental Health Perspectives 113: 1056-106; Number 8, August 2005
      "... Diesters of phthalic acid, commonly referred to as phthalates, are widely used in
      industry and commerce; they are used in personal care products (e.g., makeup,
      shampoo, and soaps), plastics, paints, and some pesticide formulations. ..."
      Why is it so many people studying PHTHALATES fail to look at the phthalates that are part and
      parcel of petrochemially derived fragrances, regardless of product type in which it is used?
      NO DOUBT ABOUT THAT. -- barb


    • The Environmental Agenda '94: Where Do Industry and Environmentalists Stand?
      Environmental Health Perspectives, Volume 102, Number 4, April 1994


    • The Estrogenic Activity of Phthalate Esters In Vitro
      Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 105, Number 8, August 1997


    • Grand Rounds in Environmental Medicine: Information on MCS Needed
      Environmental Health Perspectives


    • Indoor Air Quality
      Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 95, 1991


    • MCS: A Sensitive Issue
      Environmental Health Perspectives, Volume 102, Number 9, September 1994
      This paper was written not all that long after the chemical industry's treatise, Environmental
      Illness Briefing Paper
      , published in 1990. I say, SMELL THE MONEY, when you read about the
      MCS nay-sayers. I find that it is those with strong chemical industry connections who are most
      vociferous in their denial of MCS. It's the old vested interest thing . . . or whose ox is gored. I hope
      I live long enough to find that workplaces, schools and all healthcare facilities, among other
      entities, decide that it is healthwise for all to go fragrance-free. When you see the words "perfume"
      or "fragrance" on mainstream products, think PETROCHEMICALLY DERIVED. That is NOT green.
      -- barb


    • Work Group Concludes EMFs Are PossibleHuman Carcinogen


  • ETI Environmental


    • A national assessment of all aerial spraying in the U.S.
      R.K. Simon, Ph.D.
      Environmental & Toxicology International


    • ETI Pesticide Patch for Pesticide Monitoring
      "... What is the Cost of the Pesticide Patch Analysis?
      "The routine cost of the patch for the analysis by ETI's pesticides screen is $ 150 per patch.
      This testing will provide analysis for about 35 common pesticides used for termite
      control, interior pest control, lawn pesticide control and other uses. A report with a
      list of pesticides tested and quantitative levels for any found will be provided by ETI.
      The analysis usually takes about 7 days after ETI receives the patch.

      "Special Pricing for Staten Island, New York.
      "ETI is providing special pricing of $ 75.00 per patch for Staten Island, New York residents.
      Please enclose your check with the shipment of the patch. ETI does not accept credit cards. ..."


    • Topics discussed
      Info on VOCs, Inert ingredients of Dibrom®, Pyrethroids, Dursban, etc. -- barb


    • How to Evaluate Environmental Hazards in Your Home


    • Toxicity of "Inert" Ingredients in the Pesticide Dibrom³ (Naled)


    • What are the Common Pesticides and Herbicides and How Do They Contaminate?


    • Home Test Kits

  • Experimental Approaches to Chemical Sensitivity
    Table of Contents


  • Forum ... several articles
    Hazards for Skaters and Swimmers
    The Genetic Connection
    Executive Order on Exotic Species
    Have Virus, Will Travel
    EHP Net: Instructions for Breathing Easier
    Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 107, Number 7, July 1999


  • Fragrances and Health (Betty Bridges' letter)


  • Hormones and Health


  • Human Exposure:The Key to Better Risk Assessment
    by Julie Wakefield
    Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 108, Number 12, December 2000
    " ... In July 2000, [Vice President Al] Gore told the Children's Environmental Health
    Network that he supported the establishment by 2004 of a national tracking system for
    asthma, cancer, and other diseases afflicting children that are potentially linked to
    environmental causes. The system would use the Internet to facilitate information
    collection by local public health agencies and health care providers, which would help
    focus efforts to address environmental health risks.

    "Such a network might have mitigated the tragedy in Libby. "Active tracking of
    environmental disease might have picked [the disease cases] up much sooner, and
    started preventive activities decades earlier," says Campolucci. "We need an
    environmental surveillance system that evaluates human health." Adds O'Hara,
    "All too often we haven't had all the exposure information we need to make good
    policy." But better coordination and expansion of human exposure assessment
    programs at the federal level and by industry should help fill the gaps, leading to
    better policies--and healthier people.


  • Identification of Phthalate Esters in the Serum of Young Puerto Rican Girls with
    Premature Breast Development

    Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 108, Number 9, September 2000


  • Killer Environment
    "It's the environment, stupid. At least, that seems to be the conclusion of a paper
    published in the October 1998 issue of BioScience that asserts that approximately
    40% of the world's deaths can be attributed to environmental factors."
    Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 107, Number 2, February 1999

  • Levels of Seven Urinary Phthalate Metabolites in a Human Reference Population
    Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 108, Number 10, October 2000
    By Benjamin C. Blount, Manori J. Silva, Samuel P. Caudill, Larry L. Needham, Jim L. Pirkle,
    Eric J. Sampson, George W. Lucier, Richard J. Jackson, and John W. Brock
    "... Our study provides an assessment of human exposure to phthalates. Phthalate
    monoester levels in human urine vary widely (Table 1); urinary creatinine adjustment
    reduces this variation somewhat (Table 2). In this reference population, the phthalate
    monoesters with the highest urinary levels found are MEP (16,200 ppb, 6,790 µg/g
    creatinine), MBP (4,670 ppb, 2,760 µg/g creatinine), and MBzP (1,020 ppb, 540 µg/g
    creatinine), which reflect exposure to diethyl phthalate (DEP), DBP, and BzBP. DEP and
    DBP are used extensively in products with volatile components such as perfumes, nail
    polishes, and hair sprays,
    possibly leading to inhalation and efficient absorption through
    the lungs. Dermal absorption also occurs at a significant rate for phthalates with short
    side chains such as DEP, DBP, and BzBP (28). ..." [Emphasis added. -- barb]



      Please note: Phthalic acid, diethyl ester; 10.5 percent of fragrance portion of formula;
      CAS # 84-66-2 -- found in analyses of fragrances for FDA Petition -- barb

  • Like Sugar for Poison: Glucose as a Substitute for Benzene
    Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 103, Number 6, June 1995
    "... Benzene helps make jeans blue--it's the feedstock for indigo dye--and ice cream vanilla
    flavored--it's the source of vanillin. It's also the starting point for a number
    important industrial chemicals including hydroquinone, used in film developing, phenol,
    used to make solvents, and adipic acid, which is used to make nylon. Benzene is also
    a potent carcinogen.
    [emphasis added]


      And what EHP doesn't tell you: Benzene is also an important chemical in the manufacture of
      synthetic fragrances. And the industry claimes it doesn't use any carcinogens! See Perfumers World under Aroma Chemicals 70 - 100% -- barb


  • MCS: A Sensitive Issue
    FOCUS: Environmental Health Perspectives, Volume 102, Number 9, September 1994


  • Neurogenic Inflammation and Sensitivity to Environmental Chemicals
    Environmental Health Perspectives, Volume 101, Number 3, August 1993 (Abstract)
    By William J. Meggs
    Department of Emergency Medicine, East Carolina University School of Medicine, Greenville, NC 27858 USA


  • Oregon Center for Environmental Health
    "Dedicated to protecting public health and the environment through
    community action to eliminate toxic pollutants."


  • Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products in the Environment:
    Agents of Subtle Change?

    Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 107, Supplement 6, December 1999
    Excerpted from the full article:
    "... Personal Care Products in the Environment ...
    "...Personal care products differ from pharmaceuticals in that large amounts can be
    directly introduced to the environment. For example, these products can be released
    directly into recreational waters or volatilized into the air (e.g., musks). Because of this
    direct release they can bypass possible degradation in POTWs. Also, in contrast to
    pharmaceuticals, less is known about the effects of this broad and diverse class of
    chemicals on nontarget organisms, especially aquatic organisms. Data are also limited
    on the unexpected effects on humans. For example, common sunscreen ingredients,
    2-phenylbenzimidazole-5-sulfonic acid and 2-phenylbenzimidazole, can effect DNA
    breakage when exposed to UV-B (94).

    The quantities of personal care products produced commercially can be very large. For
    example, in Germany alone the combined annual output for eight separate categories
    has been estimated (95) at 559,000 tons for 1993 (Table 3). A few examples are given
    below of common personal care products that are ubiquitous pollutants and that
    may possess substantial bioactivity. ..."

  • Phthalates
    Phthalates are not just used as plasticizers. Phthalates are commonly used in fragrance
    Come on world, wake up! You've been suckered by industry advertising.
    Only YOU can do something to change that. Remember Dr. John Bailey of the FDA always says
    it's up to the consumer . . . one way or another he'll state it is up to YOU. The CONSUMER.
    Caveat Emptor! -- barb

  • Neuropsychological assessment for detecting adverse effects of
    volatile organic compounds on the central nervous system

    Author Bolla-KI ; Volume: Pages 95: 93-8 ; Year 1991
    Members only:


  • The Priority Toxicant Reference Range Study: Interim Report Larry L. Needham, Robert H. Hill, Jr., David L. Ashley, James L. Pirkle, and
    Eric J. Sampson; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia


  • Profile of Patients with Chemical Injury and Sensitivity
    By Grace Ziem and James McTamney
    Environmental Health Perspectives, Vol 105; supplement 2, March 1997


  • The Relationship Between Environmental Exposures to Phthalates and
    DNA Damage in Human Sperm Using the Neutral Comet Assay

    Susan M. Duty, Narendra P. Singh, Manori J. Silva, Dana B. Barr, John W. Brock,
    Louise Ryan, Robert F. Herrick, David C. Christiani, and Russ Hauser

  • Scents and Sensitivity
    Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 106; December 12, November 1998


  • Toxic Threats to Neurologic Development of Children
    Ted Schettler; Science and Environmental Health Network, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Environmental Health Perspectives; Volume 109, Supplement 6, December 2001

  • Work Group Concludes EMFs Are PossibleHuman Carcinogen
    Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 106, Number 9, September 1998

    -- end EHP links here on EHN's site . . . go to EHP for more, much more! --

  • Environmental Health Policy Committee

  • Environmental Health Project
    The Environmental Health Project (EHP) is sponsored by the
    U.S. Agency for International Development (

    Environmental Health Questions and Answers; NIEHS
    Alphabetical Listing of Health Topics

  • Environmental Illness -- also see the complete subcategory,
    EHN's outbound MCS links (,
    as well as General Links, page D, Doctors

  • Environmental illnesses assaulted by everyday smells, People with
    by L. J. Latkoczky; WINNIPEG (CUP)

  • Environmental Illness
    Steen Hansen Hviid

  • Environmental Illness/MCS Louisvile Style

  • Environmental Illness or Multiple Chemical Sensitivity by Julie May

  • EI-Safe Housing in Utah - Escalante House
    Escalante House, a nonprofit, nonreligious organization, proposes to build a
    housing com-munity for people with Multiple Chemical Sensitivity.

    "...Participate in the architectural charette on August 11-13, 2000. This is your
    chance to see if the Escalante area works for you and, if it does, to help plan your future
    community. If you wish, you may arrive early or stay afterward. Because we will try
    to accommodate everyone's dietary needs during the charette, we would appreciate
    your contacting us as soon as possible if you are interested in attending. Contact
    Escalante House, P.O. Box 652, Escalante UT 84726. Phone/fax: (435) 826-4778.

  • Environmental Justice - Toxic Empire

  • Environmental Justice Advisory Council, National (NEJAC) [EPA]

  • Environmental Justice Resources
    UT Community Partnership Center

  • Environmental News Network (ENN)


  • Environmental and Occupational Health, New York State

      From the state of New York's Department of Public Health --
        "Risk is the possibility of injury, disease or death. For
        example, for a person who has measles, the risk of death is
        one in one million.

        "Risk assessment
        "A process which estimates the likelihood that people who have
        been exposed to chemicals may have health effects. The four
        steps of a risk assessment are: hazard identification (Can
        this substance damage health?); dose-response assessment
        (What dose causes what effect?); exposure assessment (How and
        how much do people contact it?); and risk characterization
        (combining the other three steps to estimate risk).

        "Risk management
        "The process of deciding how to reduce or eliminate possible
        health effects by considering the risk assessment, engineering
        factors (Can engineering procedures or equipment do the job, for
        how long and how well?) and social, economic and political concerns."


    • What You Know Can Help You-- An Introduction To Toxic Substances
        " ** Potency: Potency (strength) is a measure of a chemical's
        toxicity. A more potent chemical is more toxic. For example,
        sodium cyanide is more potent than sodium chloride (table salt)
        since swallowing a smaller amount of cyanide can poison you.

        "The potency and, therefore, the toxicity of a chemical can be
        affected by its breakdown within the human body. When a substance
        is absorbed into the body, its chemical structure may be changed or
        metabolized to a substance that is more toxic or less toxic. For
        example, carbon tetrachloride, once a commonly used solvent, is
        changed by the body into a more toxic chemical that causes liver
        damage. For some other chemicals, metabolism changes the chemical
        into a form that is more easily eliminated by the body."

  • Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute (EOHSI)
    170 Frelinghuysen Road
    Piscataway, NJ 08854
    (732) 445-0200
    If you would like any additional information on anything contained on this site please contact:
    Email questions and comments about this website to: (

    • Environmental Factors in Medically Unexplained Physical Symptoms
      and Related Syndromes: January 10-12, 2001

      Folks, check out this -- the program is a PDF file. If you need Adobe Acrobat you can
      download it from

        "FRIDAY, JANUARY 12 ...
        " 8:30 - 12:00 Special Program - Treatment Symposium for Medically
        Unexplained Symptoms

        "Patients with somatic symptoms not explained by organic illness are a challenge for
        physicians and therapists, alike. This treatment symposium will focus on cognitive
        behavioral interventions designed specifically for the patient who presents with
        somatic symptoms and who may be resistant to behavioral treatment strategies.
        This workshop combines didactic and experiential exercises to clarify the myths and
        facts about these illnesses and to offer treatment approaches currently being
        applied with this patient group."
      I wonder if anyone has bothered to "focus on cognitive behavioral interventions designed
      specifically for the" doctor who presents with resistence to learn about the adverse effects of
      70,000 - 80,000 chemicals in commerce today. Most chemical products are released with no
      understanding of longterm effects! And, if you get a look at deaths associated with prescribed
      medicines, you may wonder if anyone knows any of the shortterm or immediate adverse effects of
      drugs we are supposed to turst. Add to that other synthetic products like fertilizers,
      pesticides, fragrances, various cleaning and maintenance products, including the latest fad:
      antibacterials. We're all sitting on a chemical timebomb. It IS ticking. -- barb
  • Environmental, Occupational Hygiene, Health & Safety Specialist - Mary Gallinger

  • Environmental Organization Web Directory

  • Environmental Organizations, National

    (Ventana Chapter, Monterey Bay area)

  • Environmental and People Safe Products
    Jen-Par Enterprises

  • Environmental Protection Act for Children, Sen. Barbara Boxer (D - CA)
    Senate bill 599; including introductory text, status and contact information

  • Environmental & Preventive Health Center of Atlanta
    Stephen B. Edelson, M.D., F.A.A.F.P., F.A.A.E.M

  • Environmental Reauthorizations and Regulatory Reform:
    From the 104th Congress to the 105th

    John E. Blodgett; Environment and Natural Resources Policy Division
    Updated February 10, 1998


  • Environmental Science Center
    Proctor & Gamble AND the US Environmental Protection Agency. (No joke! -- barb)

  • Environmental Science and Technology
    Low-Level Chemical Exposures: A Challenge for Science and Policy

  • Environmental Search Engine, UC Santa Barbara

  • Environmental Sensitivities Research Institute (ESRI -- Ronald Gots)
    "The problem isn't chemicals, it's the environment. Executive director and
    founder of ESRI is Ronald R. Gots, who openly scoffs at MCS patients and the
    physicians who treat them. For example, Dr. Gots has said MCS is 'a peculiar
    manifestation of our technophobic and chemophobic society.' [7] In other words, MCS
    patients aren't really sick --they're just irrationally frightened by technology and
    chemicals. " from RACHEL'S ENVIRONMENT & HEALTH WEEKLY #464

    Environmental Studies: Prof. Jackie Alan Giuliano, Ph.D.
    On teaching, activism and an archive of over 100 of his articles

  • Environmental Support Center
    "Since 1990, the Environmental Support Center (ESC) has assisted more than
    1,000 local, state and regional organizations working on environmental issues.
    ESC's goal is to improve the environment in the United States by enhancing the
    health and well-being of these organizations. Our Training and Organizational
    Assistance Program, Technology Resources Program , Workplace Solicitation
    Program, and new Environmental Loan Fund help these vital environmental
    groups become better managed, funded and equipped. "

  • Environmental & Toxicology International - ETI


    Environmental Toxicology Newsletter (Published since 1980)


  • Environmental Working Group

  • Enviro$en$e
    US EPA


  • EnvirPure
    The Basic elements needed for life are air and water . . . Do you know what's in yours?


      Following is a link to a series of articles, starting with "UV Lights may fight 'sick building'
      syndrome; 5/26/99." Also look for "Dust, cats and other indoor irritants contribute to asthma; 1/20/00."
      In there you will read:
        " . . . Other factors that fit in this category are formaldehyde fumes and fragrances
        found in personal care and household products.
        "As for pesticides, houseplant spores or material from domestic or wild rodents,
        the research is still inadequate to determine if they are a major cause or
        aggravator of asthma. . . ."
      -- barb

  • The EnviroVillage

  • GreenLink
    Grassroots Advocates for the Ohio Environment focused on Clean Water,
    Toxic Chemical Reductions, Urban Sprawl, and Public Participation.
  • IAQ in Schools

  • The International Federation of Environmental Health (IFEH)
    History - Present - Future by David Ryman

  • Links from 1Healthy Universe

    Environmental concerns, right to know ...

  • Mosquitos and your environment

  • Mosquito and Vector Control District
    Marin and Sonoma counties, SF Bay Area

  • Master Home Environmentalist - Seattle
    "The Master Home Environmentalist Program at the American Lung Association of
    Washington can help you find out -- you can ask for a trained Master Home
    Environmentalist to come to your home to do a free home assessment, or you can
    become a Master Home Environmentalist (MHE) yourself by participating in our
    40 hour training and doing 40 hours of community service. "


  • The National Center for Environmental Health Strategies, Inc. (NCEHS)

    The National Environmental Health Association


  • National Environmental Policy Commission

  • National Environmental Trust

  • National Institute for the Environment

  • The Nature Conservancy

  • Office of Environment, Health and Safety, U. of California, Berkeley


    Richard's Pages on EI/MCS/CFS
  • Slide Ranch
    Educational Programs

  • Sustain - The Environmental Information Group


  • Sustainable Communities
    See, EHN's General Links, page S, Sustainable - Information for Transformation
    "This self-help alternative medicine site offers extensive educational information on the
    topics of natural healing, holistic and biological dentistry, herbal medicine, cleansing and
    detoxification, heavy metal detox, diet, nutrition, weight loss, and the finest, tried and
    tested health equipment and products available for the natural management ofhealth."
  • „Where are Environmental Hazards?¾
    by Holly S. Anthony

  • Your Child and the Environment
    American Academy of Pediatrics

    End Environmental topics -- return to top

    Enzyme Potentiated Desensitization (EPD)

      John Hopkins Public Health

      "Epidemiology is the study of the distribution of diseases and of the determinants of
      health and disease risk in human populations. Epidemiologic methods are used to gather
      unbiased evidence for characterizing the health of populations and for testing
      hypotheses by gathering and using data from populations or groups of people.
      Epidemiology is one of the quantitative foundations of public health and clinical research;
      it provides a basis for preventive approaches in medicine and public health. ..."


    • Epidemiology -
      Illnesses Associated With Occupational Use of Flea-Control Products California, Texas,
      and Washington, 1989-1997; Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; JAMA


    • The Adverse Effect of Low Levels of Ambient Air Pollutants on Lung Function
      Growth in Preadolescent Children

      Wieslaw Jedrychowski, Elzbieta Flak, and Elzbieta MrÛz Chair of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Collegium Medicum in Jagiellonian University, KrakÛw, Poland
      Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 107, Number 8, August 1999


  • Samuel S. Epstein, M.D
    Samuel S. Epstein, M.D., Chairman, and Professor Emeritus of Environmental and
    Occupational Medicine, University of Illinois School of Public Health, Chicago

    Also see EHN's section on Mammography

    • Cancer Prevention Coalition
        Click out to the links available from this page for the lists of chemicals. -- barb




      • Cancer Prevention Alerts


      • CPC's CITIZEN PETITIONS and Press Releases


      • Mammography Is Dangerous Besides Ineffective, Warns Samuel S. Epstein, M.D.,2002.htm


      • The National Breast Cancer Coalition (NBCC) is Urged by Dr. Samuel Epstein to Consider Breast Examination as a Practical Alternative to Mammography,01.htm

        Books by Dr. Epstein:

        • The Breast Cancer Prevention Program
          S. S. Epstein, D. Steinman, and S. LeVert. New York, 1997: MacMillan Publishing Company. 2nd edition, 1998.

        • The Breast Cancer Prevention Prevention Program, 2nd Edition
          "The book that takes the cancer establishment to task"
          By Samuel S. Epstein M.D., David Steinman and Suzanne Levery, 1998


        • Cancer in Britain: The Politics of Prevention
          L. Doyal and S. S. Epstein. London, 1983: Pluto Press.


        • Drugs of Abuse: Genetic and Other Chronic Non-Psychiatric Hazards
          S. S. Epstein, ed. Cambridge, Mass., and London, 1971: M.I.T. Press.


        • GOT (Genetically Engineered) MILK!
          The Monsanto rBGH/BST Milk Wars Handbook*
          Collected Writings 1989-2001

          (With an Introduction by Ben & Jerry, and a Foreword by John Hagelin, Ph.D.)
          "This is an internet book which will be published in March 2001 by Seven Stories
          Press. Ordering information: Seven Stories Press, 140 Watts Street, New York, NY
          10013; telephone 212-226-8760; fax 212-226-1411; email"


        • Hazardous Wastes in America
          S. S. Epstein, C. Pope, and L. Brown. San Francisco, 1982: Sierra Club Books.


        • The Legislation of Product Safety: Consumer Health and Product Hazards,
          Vol. I: Chemicals, Electronic Products, Radiation.

          S. S. Epstein and D. Grundy, eds. Cambridge, Mass., and London, 1974: M.I.T. Press.


        • The Legislation of Product Safety: Consumer Health and Product Hazards,
          Vol. II: Cosmetics and Drugs, Pesticides, Food Additives.

          S. S. Epstein and D. Grundy, eds. Cambridge, Mass., and London, 1976: M.I.T. Press.


        • The Mutagenicity of Pesticides
          S. S. Epstein and M. Legator, eds. Cambridge, Mass., and London, 1971: M.I.T. Press.


        • The Politics of Cancer
          S. S. Epstein. San Francisco, 1978: Sierra Club Books;
          Revised and expanded edition, New York, 1979: Anchor/Doubleday Press.


        • The Politics of Cancer Revisited
          S. S. Epstein. Fremont Center, New York, 1998: East Ridge Press


        • Safe Shoppers Bible
          D. Steinman and S. S. Epstein. New York, September, 1995:
          MacMillan Publishing Company

      • Cancer Prevention Coalition

      • Major Cosmetic and Toiletry Ingredient Poses Avoidable Cancer Risks,
        warns Professor of Environmental Medicine at University of Illinois, School of Public Medicine

    • Escalante House -- EI-Safe Housing in Utah
      Escalante House, a nonprofit, nonreligious organization, proposes to build a
      housing com-munity for people with Multiple Chemical Sensitivity.

      Essential Information
      "Founded in 1982 by Ralph Nader, Essential Information is a non-profit, tax-exempt
      organization. We are involved in a variety of projects to encourage citizens to become active
      and engaged in their communities. We provide provocative information to the public on
      important topics neglected by the mass media and policy makers.


    • Essential Oils
    • Estrogens
      Note, info on estrogens is scattered througout this page, so use your find command. -- barb


    • Eternity eau de parfum by Calvin Klein

      My line, to a colleague, was: Your Eternity is going to send me to my eternity.

      I was not joking. It was taken as a joke by a large number of people. However, my extremely deep
      and heavy cough would throw my ribs out of place, the lungs felt as if they were seared; I'd
      cough up blood. It was a very painful experience and one I never grew accustomed to, even though
      it happened often in my former workplace. And that was just my reaction to this one
      perfume. Other fragrances meant other unknown combinations of petrochemical derivatives,
      and other reactions. Sometimes I'd fall, often I was made dizzy and disoriented. Enough such
      assaults, my threshold lowered; voilý MCS. Multiple Chemical Sensitivity -- the disability that
      cannot say its name out loud.

      As petrochemical-derived fragrances pollute the air for all regardless of underlying health problems
      -- and truly Green products must not contain them, according to the DOI -- they should not
      be permitted in public venues. Healthcare facilities, schools, workplaces, places of worship,
      government agencies, pubic transit, and on and on and on.

      June 28, 2006 . . . Not out of the woods, even though my MCS symptoms have improved
      tremendously with the help of my chiropractors and acupuncturists and their herbal remedies. I
      now have kidney failure. Of course, Kaiser blames the patient -- in my case, they'll point to
      "hypertension" although at home my blood pressure has generally been in the 130s and even in the
      120s; while exposures to fragrances at Kaiser and it soars. Secondly, I had unexpected weight gain
      as my MCS progressed, but remained muscular and able to do all sorts of things, when I
      wasn't suffering from muscle and joint pain that accompanies MCS. Despite my overall health
      -- apart from MCS -- and the fact that I was muscular, I was still labeled obese. Not zaftig, not
      overweight, not heavy, but OBESE.

      And once you have the handle of obeseity, the medical/pharmaceutical industry are in the
      moneymode and are off the hook for any harm that comes your way from prescriptions. YOU
      cause your own health problems. NOT the chemical assaults.

      But, what if some bodies go to skeletal proportions due to chemical assaults, while others go to
      producing fat cells that help absorb and store the toxins? What IF, once improving from daily
      assaults of toxins, one loses weight? What IF blood pressure runing at or below 140/90 is a
      hypertension diagnosis of convenience so drugs can be pushed and plenty of people live to
      comfortable old age without developing kidney failure?

      What IF MCS symptoms are really the early signs of assaults upon the kidneys, but as we generally
      have more kidney power than we need, the kidneys reflect the assaults by the proliferation of
      petrochemical-derived products, but that doesn't show up in blood tests until much later on, after
      years of assaults? The reason my brain started wondering about that one is, the symptoms I've
      been told to monitor for kidney failure are identical to the very symptoms I've been living with as
      a result of various assaults by petrochemically derived products, including fragrances.

      Just a little something extra to ponder. I truly hope none of you go into kidney failure, but if you
      look at the stats, it's another one of those many diseases about which the experts know far too
      little and certainly have no explaination for the soaring rates. Just like with asthma. Cancer.
      Parkinson's. Alzheimers. ADD/ADHD. CFIDS, MCS. Read ENVIRONMENTAL ILLNESS.
      Look at how few cases of any of the diseases are genetically caused. The rest? ENVIORNMENTAL
      ILLNESS. Check it out. -- barb

    • Ethanol
      Folks, remember that the fragrance industry wants you to believe that fragrances contain
      "primarily water and alcohol -- of the same type and purity we drink in beverages -- as well as
      essential fragrance oils." (SPEIAC ad

      Look at these symptoms: "Exposure to ethanol vapors may result in irritation of the
      eyes and nose, drowsiness and headache. Other symptoms may include stupor, nausea,
      mental excitement or depression, vomiting, flushing and coma. It can cause
      irritation of the respiratory tract, intra ocular tension, ataxia, sleepiness, narcosis,
      impaired perception and incoordination. It can also cause lowered inhibitions,
      dizziness, shallow respiration, unconsciousness and death."

      Whether or not people use synthetically scented products, including pesticides, which in turn
      includes disinfectants, they breathe in the volatilizing vapors from other users. Secondary
      exposures are real and can be severe. Also, vapors can cling to the hair and clothing of others
      who are non-users and then continue to vaporize adversely affecting the already chemically
      injured at the tertiary level of exposure. Synthetic scents can adversely affect lives of untold
      others. -- barb

    • European Commission (EC)/ European Union (EU)


    • EverGreen Rooms by Hartford
      Hotel rooms

    • Everyday Toxins


    • Executive PayWatch from AFL-CIO

      Exploratorium, San Francisco


    • Exposed by Heidrun Holzfeind d


      • Exposed
        "Artist Heidrun Holzfeind often shows the circumstances of individuals considered to be
        social outsiders, like the Romanian immigrants now living in her grandparents¼ house
        in Austria or the homeless man who quit his job to publish a book. In her most recent
        film, Exposed, Holzfeind chronicles the life of Katherine Devoir, a 35-year old dancer who
        suffers from MCS, a chronic environmental illness caused by synthetic chemicals. At
        times painfully close, the film charts the restricted range of Katherine¼s acceptable
        spaces and social contact and attempts to raise empathy for her suffering."
        Bottom of page . . .


      • MCS Facts (from movie, Exposed by Heidrun Holzfeind)d




    • Exxon Valdez


      • Anchorage Daily News


        • Hard Aground - 10 years of stories, photos and reference material
          "All components of this site are copyright 1989-1999 by the Anchorage Daily News,
          Anchorage, Alaska unless otherwise noted. "


        • Legacy of the Exxon Valdez oil spill.
          A special feature published by the Anchorage Daily News. March 21-24, 1999

          "Oil spill scarred otters 2 studies report long-term effects ."
          This page provides links to many stories. -- barb


        • Still painful 10 years later,
          front-line spill workers link physical ailments to cleanup work

          By NATALIE PHILLIPS; Daily News reporter


        Chicago Tribune
        Erin Brockovich probing Exxon Valdez cleanup
        By Mary Pemberton; The Associated Press; November 6, 2001, 6:18 AM CST



      • Court overturns $5 billion Exxon Valdez award
        By David Kravets, Associated Press Writer; November 7, 2001, 5:56 PM EST
        "SAN FRANCISCO -- The $5 billion punitive damages award against Exxon Mobil Corp.
        in the 1989 Valdez oil spill is excessive, a federal appeals court ruled today. The court
        ordered a judge to determine a lesser amount. ..."
        Hmmmm, and I felt $5 B was too small considering the damage to the area and ALL of its
        inhabitants . . . and just taking a look at the human angle, the loss of health and livelihoods. -- barb,0,5676960.story?coll=dp-breaking-news


      • EPA and the Exxon Valdez


      • Exxon Valdez Spill Offers Surprising Cleanup Lessons
        KEITH JOHNSON & GAUTAM NAIK / Wall Street Journal 22nov02


      • Exxon Valdez: Ten Years After
        By Jessica Moore
        "The toll of the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill is a sadly familiar one: 250,000 dead
        birds, 2,800 sea otters, 300 harbor seals – all victims of the oil tanker that ran
        over a reef late one April night and drained 11 million gallons of oil into Prince
        William Sound. But most people are unaware that the tragedy did not only affect
        wildlife: many of the thousands of workers who helped clean up the spill have
        suffered serious health problems ever since. These are the workers that stood in the
        brown foam 18 hours a day, slept with oil matted in their hair, breathed in the thick
        hydrocarbon haze, and ate food speckled with oil.


      • Los Angeles Times
        After a period of time, you have to pay for Times articles. -- barb


        • Exxon Oil Spill's Cleanup Crews Share Years of Illness
          Health: Workers say chemical exposure left them debilitated.
          Firm insists toxicity was low. (Soooo, what else is new? -- barb)
          By KIM MURPHY; TIMES STAFF WRITER; November 5 2001
          "..."Stubblefield hasn't worked since. He gasps when he breathes, gets
          spasms when he is exposed to perfume, cigarette smoke, truck exhaust.
          'He'll never breathe right again. Never,' said his former wife,
          Melissa Stubblefield. 'If he even starts to laugh, he gets to
          coughing so he gasps for air.' ... "
          PERFUME caught my eye. Stubblefield and others with the Valdez clean-up, how many more
          with the Pentagon and World Trade Center horrific events? Remember, our government gave
          false air assurances and the mayor of New York, rushed people back into that area. And
          remember all the earlier scense of rescue workers with no masks or masks hanging on their
          chests. MCS in the making! -- barb


      • Gregory Palast's Columns - Exxon Valdez


      • Jill Rabe's Home Page


      • Lawyers probe health claims of Exxon Valdez spill cleanup workers
        By MARY PEMBERTON; Associated Press Writer
        Kenai Peninsula Online; Web posted Tuesday, November 6, 2001
        "ANCHORAGE (AP) -- Workers who suspect they suffered serious health problems
        from helping clean up the 11-million-gallon Exxon Valdez oil spill are being asked to
        come forward.

        "Erin Brockovich and her boss, California lawyer Ed Masry, have teamed up with
        Anchorage attorney Michael Schneider to look into reports of health problems among
        the 15,000 workers who helped clean up Prince William Sound after the 1989 spill. ..."


        "NIOSH (USA) stated in 1987 in their Current Intelligence Bulletin that aldehydes are solvents: „Common organic solvents are classified as aliphatic hydrocarbons, cyclic hydrocarbons, aromatic hydrocarbons, halogenated hydrocarbons, ketones, amines, alcohols, aldehydes, and ethers¾. "In correspondence with New Zealand¼s Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) Professor Gorman, Health Science Centre, University of Auckland, accepts that glutaraldehyde is a solvent under Axelson and Hogstedt¼s definition. Dr Monigatti (ACC Workwise, NZ) states: „We accept glutaraldehyde has solvent-like properties. If chronic solvent exposure can cause these sorts of things then we accept that glutaraldehyde can cause [solvent toxicity] as well....(Safeguard Update, No 96, 20 April, 1998). "NIOSH (1987) states: 'Epidemiologic studies of various groups of
        solvent-exposed workers have demonstrated statistically significant
        chronic changes in peripheral nerve function (sensory and motor nerve
        conduction velocities and electromyographicabnormalities) that persisted
        for months to years following cessation of exposure. Epidemiologic studies
        have also shown statistically significant increases in neurobehavioural effects
        in workers chronically exposed to organic solvents. These effects include
        disorders characterised by reversible subjective symptoms (fatigability,
        irritability, and memory impairment), sustained changes in personality or
        mind (emotional instability and diminished impulse control and motivation),
        and impaired intellectual function (decreased concentration ability, memory,
        and learning ability). Among organic solvent abusers, the most severe disorders
        reported are characterised by irreversible deterioration in intellect and memory...
        accompanied by structural CNS damage.' ..."


      • WANTED: Exxon Valdez oil-spill cleanup WORKERS
        The non-union VECO or VRCO men who applied Exxon's Inipol 13 or Exxon's Inipol EAP 22
        The union Norcon, VECO men in the Corexit trials
        The Boatsmen who sprayed chemicals from the pontoon boats
        The gals who washed the gear, & brought the lunches/supplies to beach workers
        The longshoremen who moved leaking barrels of chemicals...
        The captains and crew who transported chemicals,
        The Coast Guard monitors
        The DEC monitors
        The Medics
        Those who cleaned
        Those who cleaned the boom
        Those who washed the boats
        Those who washed the otters/birds
        Those who worked at the Dayville dump
        Those who incinerated oil mixed with chemicals
        Those who worked with skimmers, siphoning oil and chemicals from the water
        Anyone who drank water from a big boat that had transported 2-butoxyethanol-chemicals
        .... not just Inipol EAP 22, but also Corexit & multiple other experimental chemicals...
        The disability that cannot say its name out loud: MULTIPLE CHEMICAL SENSITIVITY. -- barb

        And then for a look at the other side . . .
        Erin Brockovich: The Real-Life Sequel
        By James K. Glassman; Published 11/28/2001
        TCS Tech Central Station
        Editor's Note: This article was first published in the Wall Street Journal.

        -- end Exxon Valdez info --


        EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing)

        Fragrances and eyes

        • Eye- and skin symptoms in German office workers --
          subjective perception vs. objective medical screening

          S. Brasche, M. Bullinger, R. Schwab, H. Gebhardt, V. Herzog, W. Bischof "
          International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
          Annecdotal, but true: The first obvious problem I had was "adult onset acne" at an age
          when I should not have had a thought in the world about acne. Interestingly, a medical doctor's
          advice was that I stop drinking soda and eatting chips. When I told him, I couldn't stand soda and
          rarely ate chips, he told me, "That's what my wife always says and yet every night she's sitting
          on the couch with her soda and her chips." And, I replied, I am NOT your wife . . . and my
          mental note was: I am no longer your patient. My chiropractor, on the other hand, said, Barb,
          these outbreaks are a sign that something horrible is going on inside your body. You best get out
          of that workplace. I didn't. Until my body said enough is enough, beyond MCS. Fortunately,
          for me, that meant a benign tumor, not an ovarian mass as origianlly diagnosed. But, I left the
          workplace before I knew I didn't need surgery. Hence my volunteer efforts for EHN. -- barb




        • MEDLINE Search Results on Medscape -- you must register, but it's free


          • Placebo-controlled challenges with perfume in patients with
            asthma-like symptoms.

            Millqvist E, Lowhagen O.
            Asthma and Allergy Centre, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
            "... We found that the patients' earlier symptoms could be verified by perfume
            provocation. Breathing through the carbon filter had no protective effect. The
            conclusion is that symptoms suggesting hyperreactivity of the respiratory tract and
            asthma can be provoked by perfume without the presence of bronchial obstruction,
            and that using a carbon filter mask has no preventive effect. The symptoms are not
            transmitted via the olfactory nerve, since the patients could not smell the perfume, but
            they may have been induced by a trigeminal reflex via the respiratory tract or by the eyes."
            PMID: 8837670 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


          • Provocations with perfume in the eyes induce airway symptoms in patients with
            sensory hyperreactivity.

            Allergy 1999 May;54(5):495-9 (ISSN: 0105-4538)
            Millqvist E; Bengtsson U; Lowhagen O [Find other articles with these Authors]
            Asthma and Allergy Centre, University of Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden.

            "BACKGROUND: In earlier studies, we have shown that patients with a history of sensory
            hyperreactivity develop asthma-like symptoms when exposed to strong scents, even
            if they cannot smell any scent. METHODS: For study of possible pathophysiologic
            mechanisms behind sensory hyperreactivity, the patients' airways and eyes were
            separately exposed to a common inducing factor, perfume. Eleven patients with a history
            of hyperreactivity to chemical trigger factors, such as perfume, were provoked single-
            blindly in a placebo-controlled, randomized study. During airway exposure, the eyes
            were covered and, during the eye exposure, the patients inhaled fresh air. A special
            face mask or a nose clip was used to avoid any smell. RESULTS: During the 30-min
            exposure to perfume, there was a gradual increase in three main symptoms; i.e., eye
            irritation, cough, and dyspnea, after both the airway and eye exposures. The increases
            were significant compared with placebo. CONCLUSIONS: Asthma-like and other
            symptoms, such as irritation of the eyes, may be induced by exposure of both the
            airways and the eyes in patients with sensory hyperreactivity. This points to the
            importance of studying the sensory nervous system, not only in the airways, but
            also in other organs."



        • Perfume triggers reaction via the eyes
          Reuters Health Information
          NEW YORK, Jun 18, 1999 (Reuters Health) -- limited availability


        • Perfume triggers reaction via the eyes
          via HealthCentral; June 18, 1999


        • Perfume Triggers Reaction Via The Eyes

        • Placebo-controlled challenges with perfume in patients with asthma-like symptoms.
          Allergy 1996 Jun;51(6):434-9 (ISSN: 0105-4538)
          MEDLINE Search Result on Medscape. Use their search engine; register first. -- barb

        • Provocations with perfume in the eyes induce airway symptoms
          in patients with sensory hyperreactivity.

          Allergy 1999 May;54(5):495-9 (ISSN: 0105-4538)
          MEDLINE Search Result on Medscape. Use their search engine; register first. -- barb

        • Toxic Amblyopia
          Scroll to bottom of page. Open question: Why aren't fragrances looked into
          as a possible cause . . . they are toxic chemical combinations and are ubiquitous. -- barb



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