Barb Wilkie's EHN Website
Last updated 2008

EHN Board President Barb Wilkie was very ill from chemically-induced kidney disease for several years. She passed away May 31, 2011. EHN presents this site both as a tribute and as valuable information. Many links and references will be out of date but Barb's research holds up over time. We will be transferring the site page by page, with updated details, to EHN's main site. If you would like to reach an EHN staff person, please contact us directly.

GeneralLinks - C


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C- reactive protein (CRP)
"C-reactive protein: A plasma protein that rises in the blood with the inflammation from certain conditions. "C-reactive protein (CRP) is one of the plasma proteins known as acute- phase proteins: proteins whose plasma concentrations increase (or decrease) by 25% or more during inflammatory disorders. "CRP can rise as high as 1000-fold with inflammation. Conditions that commonly lead to marked changes in CRP include infection, trauma, surgery, burns, inflammatory conditions, and advanced cancer. Moderate changes occur after strenuous exercise, heatstroke, and childbirth. Small changes occur after psychological stress and in several psychiatric illnesses. ..."

  • Cabinets and Kitchens -- Formaldehyde -free
    C.A.R.E.S. For Life Foundation
    Chemical Awareness, Research, Education and Solutions

    PO Box 852
    La Veta, CO 81055
    Toll Free: 866-742-3310
    Voice: 719-742-3310
    Fax: 719-742-5468


      This site is set up as frames . . . works on my computer only with MicroSoft, which is
      not my favorite browser. -- barb

    CAFF -- Community Alliance with Family Farmers




  • Campaign for Planning Sanity
    Local Community Support for Adverse Planning & Development Applications -- UK


    • MastSanity
      "We are a voluntary organisation dedicated to supporting, advising and actively aiding
      and representing local campaigns fighting the current mobile phone and Tetra mast
      invasion that is sweeping the country. We are also determined to help and support
      Local Councils who find themselves bullied and harassed by the Operators and
      Government legislation. ... We are NOT against mobile phones- the use of which is a
      personal choice. The point is that we should have a CHOICE over the insane siting of
      the masts that go with them. ..."


    Campaign for Truth in Europe
    "Health News from around the world."


  • CAN - Citizens Awareness Network -
    " We are a grassroots, volunteer organization concerned with environmental pollution
    and health issues surrounding exposure to toxins. The scientific community and the
    nuclear industry have undermined citizen's confidence in their ability to understand
    atomic power and its effects. CAN seeks to demystify these issues, with the goal of
    enabling citizens to reclaim democratic control over their environment and develop
    strategies for the prevention and elimination of pollution."


    Cancer information

    To keep families in touch during important life events, see

    Try preventing cancer! Now there's a concept. Remember, while you hear about cancer genes,
    the truth is most cancers are environmentally caused. So, unless you want to become a
    money-maker for an already huge industry, try getting to know your consumer products . . .
    then switch to ORGANICs and safer, more eco-friendly, fragrance-free products. YOU can do
    something about your health. Start by stopping believing the advertising slogans, jingles, hype
    and poop. AND, take a minute to write to the FDA if you feel the public has a right to know
    about the toxins used to make our modern synthetic perfumes in a plethora of products.
    Reference FDA Petition 99P-1340 and write to And then check out
    your favorite carcinogenic chemicals; notice . -- barb

    CAM (Complementary and Alternative Medicine)

    What is complementary and alternative medicine?


    ATRAã a form of vitamin A, used for leukemia patients ...
    A biological agent used without chemotherapy appears to offer a
    disease-free future to patients with rare leukemia

    Posted By: News-Medical in Pharmaceutical News; Published: Monday, 7-Jun-2004

    Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans

    For definition of Groups see Preamble Evaluation

    Thirteen OSHA-Regulated Carcinogens
    "Without establishing PELs, OSHA promulgated standards in 1974 to regulate
    the industrial use of 13 chemicals identified as potential occupational carcinogens.

      bis-chloromethyl ether
      methyl chloromethyl ether

    "Exposures of workers to these 13 chemicals are to be controlled through the
    required use of engineering controls, work practices, and personal protective
    equipment, including respirators. See 29 CFR 1910.1003-1910.1016 for specific
    details of these requirements. "

      Throughout EHN's site, you'll see the caveat that the information provided is just that.
      Information. Anything that strikes your fancy or validates your intuitive feelings should be
      discussed in full with your health care practioner.
      Print it out and take it along on your visit.

      Could it be that cancer is "incurable" because WE don't want to give up our reliance upon all
      of our cosmetics and all of our other synthetically scented products used for personal care, as
      well as household and janitorial cleaning and maintenance chores? (This includes pesticides,
      which in turn includes disinfectants, as they are classified as pesticides.) Is cancer incurable
      because we don't want to give up our "right" to have x-rays every time we turn around?
      Despite the advertising, x-rays -- mammograms, full-body screenings -- don't prevent
      or cure cancer . . . in fact, radiation is an acknowledged cause of cancer. Despite warnings
      about alcohol and tobacco, we prefer to continue our living our life our way. Is cancer truly
      incurable because we are imbued with our lifestyle? Do we not see the downside of living through
      chemistry? I'll guarantee you that many of the harbingers who are living with MCS will state
      that the living through chemistry isn't necessarily "better." I think we all should try for
      Safer Living Through Safer Products, Proved Safer Before Marketing. Perhaps, if we did that,
      each of us would start making a difference in our lives and the lives of our family. Maybe then
      we'll find that asthma, MCS, . . . cancer is PREVENTABLE. Prevent "it" and you don't have
      to worry about curing "it"! There are safer, alternative products. Buy and use them.


      Do I know a little about cancer and its devastating effects? Yes, but fortunately, beyond three
      false alarms raised, not personally. Early on was possible luekemia . . . subsequent blood tests
      proved that a dieseas I'd not have to endure at that time (35+ years ago). Then, a false reading
      on a PAP test. But instead of going in for surgical procedures, I had the PAP repeated. No
      problems. And then, in May 1998, following 11 months being ostracized to a more toxic office in
      my former workplace, I was diagnosed with a fast-growing ovarian mass. I didn't rush into
      surgery when the CA 125 came back with a very low reading . . . I wanted to see my 60th birthday
      with my family all gathered 'round. Besides, in my very being was the notion that the surgery
      would have been a success, but a scented someone or something would have sent my blood
      pressure soaring, and all the drugs would have sent me to the great beyond. As it turns out, I
      turned to acupuncture. A third sonogram, requested by my acupuncturist the end of October 1998
      proved that my ovary was healthy . . . I had a benign pedunculated tumor masking as an
      ovarian mass. But, I did live with that ovarian mass diagnosis from early May for five and a
      half months . . . and I certainly had that feeling of being broadsided by the diagnosis, which really
      had confirmed my own suspicions that something was definitely wrong. I still live with my
      tumor and use acupuncture and Chinese herbs for pain management . . . and with hope, we'll send
      it packing. But cancer has been close to me, through my family.


      My father had his lower jaw removed, along with 2/3 of his tongue, the glands in his neck
      and his top rib due to cancer at age 60, in 1962. Dad smoked. He had been a handsome man. He
      lived with the effects of that surger for seven years. He taught himself to speak again and returned
      to his practice of chiropractic within a couple of months. Dad died in August 1969 three weeks
      before his 67th birthday from the effects of a stroke . . . also a smoking-related risk.

      My father-in-law, also a smoker, also developed cancer of the jaw -- the side opposite my father's.
      He underwent his surgery nearly five years after my father had his. My father-in-law's cancer
      spread to his lungs and he died in August 1968, 11 months following surgery. If you take time
      zones into consideration, it was to become a year to the day before my father died.

      My mother developed cancer of the larynx, coming on with a sudden and then lasting case of
      laryngitis in May 1975. In January 1976 she had a biopsy taken, which confirmed her illness. She
      refused surgery having experienced my father's plight with him. She did take cobalt treatments
      and continued working until the day after Labor Day, 1976. She died Sept. 30, three weeks
      before her 63rd birthday.

      My mother-in-law never really smoked, although in the early years used to fancy herself an
      after dinner smoker. She never inhaled, and blinked at the smoke lot -- the effect of her smoking
      was not fancy in the least, but it may have saved her. She finally gave up that activity upon the
      death of her husband. She lived a rather long, relatively healthy life, dying just five days before
      her 98th birthday in 1998. She suffered a broken hip in October 1998 and, while she survived
      the surgery, she could not win the battle against congestive heart failure and pneumonia.

      My brother had basal cell carcinoma that had to be surgically removed from his eye.

      Between my hubby and me, one out of four parents lived a rather long, healthy life. That one
      was never a real smoker. Surgery for oral cancers are disfiguring, to say the very least.
      Think twice before putting that tobacco product in your mouth.

      The following links are for your consideration, to broaden your horizons. EHN and I do not make
      any recommendations as to therapies, practioners, legal help, products . . . not even humor.
      We do make links available for your perusal and edification. Please share information with
      your healthcare practioners and your legal team. -- barb

      Cancer and Cosmetics . . . It's no longer just EHN saying See the Connection!!!!!

        For more information on Cancer, and particularly Breast Cancer, please visit:

          Cancer Prevention
          The Best Control II
          by Steve Tvedten
          "In 1900 cancer (malignant growths) accounted for only 4% of the U. S. deaths; this figure
          rose to 15% in 1958 when Rachel Carson expressed concern it might rise even further.
          Today we know I of every 2.5 Americans will get cancer and, I believe, the figure (unless
          we stop acting like lemmings) will rise to virtually everyone by the year 2000."


          • Donate to EHN when purchasing Best Control II CD. Thanks to Linda!
            The price is $149.95 as of September 2004. It's a fraction of what you'll pay for poisons and then
            for dealing with the adverse health events as a result of those poisons. I consder this a wise investment.
            If you click on the link below, you will bounce to a page that will take you to an online shopping cart.
            EHN will be given a donation as a result of your purchase. EHN thanks YOU and Steve's team.



          Cancer Prevention Coalition, Inc. (CPC)
          Dr. Samuel Epstein


          Cancer Research Center of America, Inc
          Dr. James Coleman
          "Cancer Research Center of America, Inc. has determined what are the major causes
          and sources of breast cancer and fatal breast cancer. This new information has aided
          us in developing detailed, comprehensive and superior questionnaires for use in
          determining what a woman can and must do to prevent a first occurrence or
          recurrence of these diseases. "


        • Environmental Working Group
          As I see it, spinning off of the work Betty, several others and I did with Health Care Without
          Harm, came the information on cosmetics and fragrances by the EWG. As we brought info to the
          attention of HCWH through our working group, it first fed their website, and then we'd learn
          of EWG's reports such as Not Too Pretty and then suddenly, their Safe Cosmetics Campaign.
          All great efforts. Glad they could run with it . . . Wish more of you would learn from it. -- barb

          • Chronology of Cosmetics & Personal Care Products Content
            February 2007 - EWG NEWS RELEASE:
            "Fragrances Hide Toxic Chemical Ingredients -- A major loophole in federal
            law allows fragrance manufacturers to hide potentially hazardous chemicals in
            product scents, including substances linked to allergies, birth defects, and even
            cancer. ..."


          • Not Too Pretty
            The report all pregnant women should read . . . more importantly, read if you are planning a
            pregnancy. Remember, "An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure." -- barb



        • Dr. Mercola
          One Out of Five Cosmetics May be Contaminated With Cancer-Causing Impurity


        • Mesothelioma Cancer Center (ASBESTOS -CAUSED CANCER)
          Call: 1,800,272.3786 or remember: 1.800.ASBESTOS
          Mesothelioma Cancer Center is committed to providing the latest, up-to-date
          informatgion to our visitors in the hopes of spreading awareness about the dangers of
          asbestos exposure and mesothelioma. This website offers a one-stop resource on all
          asbestos issues ranging from occupational exposure, steps to take after receiving a
          mesothyelioma prognosis and where to find the nearest mesothelioma doctors in
          your area.


        • Dr. Janette Sherman, Physician - Author - Activist - Mom
          Dr. Sherman has written Life's Delicate Balance and
          Chemical Exposure and Disease Diagnostic and Investigative Techniques -- barb


        Also see: Breast Cancer (below)

        SEER - Surveilance, Epidemiology, and End Results


          SEER Cancer Statistics Review, 1973-1999 - PDF files
          All material in this report is in the public domain and may be reproduced or copied
          without permission; citation as to source, however, is appreciated.


        I've never had one, plan never to have one. TheAmerican Cancer Society says radiation
        causes cancer. I choose not to subject my healthy breasts to the radiation of a mammogram.
        I nursed my three children, never took "the pill," and never took any hormone replacements.
        See Thermography. -- barb


          August 1, 2002 -- I just found this information, which I feel validates my beliefs
        • Cancer Prevention
          by Ron Kennedy, M.D., Santa Rosa, California
          "There also are iatrogenic (doctor caused) breast cancers. In 1971, the National
          Academy of Science published a report revealing that for every rad of x-ray exposure,
          the risk of breast cancer increased by one percent. Nine months later the ACS and NCI
          promoted a mammography project in which 300,000 women were enrolled and were
          told that the dose of radiation would be perfectly safe, and that the procedure might
          pick up breast cancer and save their lives. The minimum dose women received in this
          procedure was two rads per mammogram. Some centers administered five rads and
          some ten rads. Think of that ã an increase in cancer risk of two percent, five percent,
          or ten percent by a single test for cancer ã without being informed of the risks! ..."


        • Of mammograms and millirems
          The lowdown on radiation risks from routine breast X-rays

          "Little is known about the risks of radiation exposure from routine mammograms, experts say."
          By Francesca Lyman; MSNBC CONTRIBUTOR


      • 50 Harmful Effects of Genetically Modified Foods


      • Abandoning The Safety Net


      • NIEHS UC Berkeley Center
        Community Outreach and Education Program


      • Prevention is the Real Deal
        ;Hearts with Soul
        By Dr. James Coleman "...Many credible studies, including those by the National Cancer Institute, have well
        documented that a strong correlation exists between an increase in the incidence of
        breast cancers and the use of mammograms. Unquestionably, the radiation used in
        mammograms is a known human carcinogens. The mainstream medical community
        tries to minimize the danger of mammograms with the overused trite phrase of "risk vs.
        benefit." The plain truth is that the risk is well documented while there is absolutely
        no medical proof of any benefit. ..."


        • A Flawed Study in Opposition to the Value of Breast Self Examination
          By James W. Coleman, Ph.D.

          I have never had a mammogram and began refusing them in my 30s, when they were a routine
          part of Kaiser's Multiphasic. It took backbone to say "No" to doctors who tried to convince me
          that I was oh so very wrong. I hope to live long enough to be vindicated on this stand, just
          as I've been vindicated on my stand against HRT. For more information see EHN's section on
          By the way, my expressed feelings do not reflect the opinion of EHN board or members, these are
          my own beliefs. -- barb

        Also see
        The story of a Major, Proven, Preventable Cause of This Disease.

        John W. Gofman, M.D., Ph.D. 1996.
        Chapter 1 - Our Conclusion: A Large Share of Breast-Cancers Need Not Occur
        "We begin this book with our bottom line, because we think the advice of Sara Jeannette
        Duncan is good: "If you have anything of importance to tell me, please, please
        begin at the end!" So here is our conclusion:

        "Breast-cancer is a largely preventable disease, and we reach that good news because of
        our finding that a large share of recent and current breast-cancer in the United
        States is certainly due to past medical irradiation of the breasts with x-rays --- at all ages,
        including infancy and childhood. Much of today's radiation dosage is preventable,
        without any interference with necessary diagnostic radiology, and hence many future
        breast-cancers need not occur. ..."



      Toxin-Associated Cancers
      Environmental Medicine, Part 1: The Human Burden of Environmental Toxins
      and Their Common Health Effects

      by Walter J. Crinnion, ND


      Please, give your close attention to the work of John W. Gofman, M.D., Ph.D. -- barb

      IF I were interested in breast health, as well as brain health, I'd explore the toxins in our
      commonly and unwittingly used consumer products such as synthetic fragrances,
      fertilizers and pesticides. Just what is known about those chemicals over long-term usage?, in
      combination?, synergistically? I am exploring . . . why don't you, too?-- barb

  • Alkalize For & .net -- Stop the Cancer Epidemic!


  • Alliance for Lung Cancer, Advocacy, Support and Education


  • Alternative Cancer Therapies
    1993 by Richard Walters

  • Alternative
    Hitting Cancer With Everything We've Got


  • American Cancer Society
    Found through AC's search engine


  • AnnieAppleseedProject
    A woman with breast cancer and an attitude


  • The Answer to Cancer


  • Ask Noah about Cancer
    References from New York Online Access to Health in English and Spanish. -- barb


  • Bladder cancer
    "...People at increased risk due to industrial exposure include textile workers, painters,
    hair-dressers, and people who work with in the leather, metal, or rubber industry. ..."
    Dr. Koop


  • Brain Tumor Biology Laboratory

  • Breast Cancer
    This information does not necessarily reflect the opinion of EHN, its board or its members.
    My opinion pieces are always labeled "barb" and usually appear in Italics. If you've been around
    some of the pages of EHN's site, you know I don't do mammograms. I do believe in breast
    self-exam and clinical breast exam. And if something suspicious is found, I'd first go to

    And then, on the subject of fragrances . . . I do wish fragrances would be considered as a possible
    cause of various cancers. These chemical concoctions contain carcinogens, hormone disrupters,
    irritants, neurotoxins, sensitizers and teratogens. Anywhere along our time from embryonic
    development and puberty, we should be studying what these chemical soups are doing to our
    bodies and the bodies of our children and the creatures with whom we share this planet. -- barb

    As knowledge about the immune system grows, scientists are devising ways,
    using the body's own defenses, to attack cancer

    by Lloyd J. Old; Scientific American


  • The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC)
    (Part of the World Health Organization)
    IARC's mission is to coordinate and conduct research on the causes of human cancer,
    the mechanisms of carcinogenesis, and to develop scientific strategies for cancer control.
    The Agency is involved in both epidemiological and laboratory research and
    disseminates scientific information through publications, meetings, courses, and


  • International Union Against Cancer


  • Irish Cancer Society - Carcinogens
    A table worth studying. -- barb


  • Man Details Breast Cancer Fight [His.]
    By Lauran Neergaard / Associated Press

  • Plastics and Breast Cancer


  • Rachel's #723 - What Causes Breast Cancer? - April 26, 2001


  • Dr. Janette Sherman
    Physician • Author • Activist • Mom


    • More on Mammograms
      "Thursday, March 7, 2002, Letters to the Editor, The Washington Post, Page A20
      " In regard to the Feb. 22 front-page article about mammograms:
      First, a mammogram does not prevent cancer; it can only find an existing cancer.

      "Second, safer methods of diagnosis (without X-rays) are available, including thorough
      physical examinations, ultrasound, MRI and thermography. The last takes a heat picture
      showing the physiological function breast tissue. Thermography is available in France,
      Australia and some centers in the United States. Given that every mammogram, indeed
      every X-ray procedure, carries an increased risk of causing cancer, development of this
      safe, non-radiation technique should be a priority. ..."
      Alexandria, Virginia


    • Life's Delicate Balance
      "Life's Delicate Balance defines and documents known causes of breast cancer, and
      emphasizes the means of prevention. ..."

    • Chemical Exposure and Disease
      Diagnostic and Investigative Techniques

      "Written by a physician-toxicologist after examining some 8,000 patients over a 25 year
      span, this book is a must for every person asking the question "Why?" Why did I get
      sick? Why is the cancer rate so high? Why was my child born with birth defects? ..."
      On same page as Life's Delicate Balance, just scroll down for this one. -- barb


  • Study Sets Off Debate Over Mammograms' Value
    By GINA KOLATA; New York Times; HEALTH; December 9, 2001

    Print version -


  • Sick and Suspicious
    By BOB HERBERT; OP-ED COLUMNIST; New York Times, September 4, 2003
    "SAN JOSE, Calif. ã While I.B.M. officials deny it, evidence is being offered by stricken
    employees that unusually large numbers of men and women who worked for the
    giant computer corporation over the past few decades have been dying prematurely.

    "I.B.M. employees, and relatives of employees who have died, are claiming in a series of
    very bitter lawsuits that I.B.M. workers have contracted cancer and other serious
    illnesses from chemicals they were exposed to in semiconductor and disk-drive
    manufacturing, laboratory work and other very basic industrial operations. ..."


  • Throat and Larynx Cancers
    By Miriam P. Rogers, EdD, RN, AOCN, CNS
    My mother died of cancer of the larynx in 1976 just three weeks before her 63 birthday . . . she smoked. -- barb


  • Ultrasound exam may cut breast biopsies by 40%
    By Lauran Neergaard / Associated Press

  • Women's Cancer Resource Center


    Canadian Breast Cancer Network

    Cancer Charities Cancer Class Action Suit
    This link not working right now ... barb

    Cancer Council, New South Wales

    Cancer Guide: Steve Dunn's Cancer Information Page

    The Cancer Industry: The Classic Expose on the Cancer Establishment
    New Updated [1996] Edition © 1996 by Ralph W. Moss, Ph.D. Published by Equinox Press

    Cancer Information Online, Where to Get

    Cancer Initiators
    Health & Energy

    C4: Cancer Opportunities in the New Millennium
    (Cancer IS big business! -- barb)

    Cancer Prevention Coalition, Inc.(CPC)
    Dr. Samuel S. Epstein
    Professor of Occupational and Environmental Medicine at the School of Public Health,
    University of Illinois Medical Center Chicago

    Cancer Shock in Cosmetics -- This News article appeared in the
    UTUSAN - Konsumer - newspaper article, published December 1998

    Cancerolytic Herbs: A History of Suppression

    CanSearchTM: Online Guide to Cancer Resources

    Carcinogens, Known and Suspected

    Carol Franc Buck Breast Care Center

    Chemicals and Cancer

    Childhood Cancer: A growing problem
    Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 106, Number 1, January 1998

    -- Cancer Research, Press Release

  • Colon Cancer

    Common Dreams

  • Commonweal Cancer Links


  • Cosmetics, Personal Care Products, Household Products, and Cancer

    DES (diethylstilbestrol) - a synthetic hormone

    Dump Milk and Dairy Page

    Epstein, M.D., Samuel S.
    Professor of Occupational and Environmental Medicine at the School of Public Health,
    University of Illinois Medical Center Chicago

    Environmental Cancer Research Program
    Northeastern University, Boston


    Essiac Information Page

  • Devra Davis, Ph.D.
    When Smoke Ran Like Water
    Tales of Environmental Deception and the Battle Against Pollution


  • Fluoride
    Truth Can¼t Be Hidden; Fluoride Causes Cancer BY WILLIAM CARMICHAEL

    Also see EHN's General Links, page F, Fluoride

  • The Guardian
    Make-up kit holds hidden danger of cancer
    New study claims legal loopholes allow beauty products to contain deadly toxins

    By Amelia Hill; Sunday April 7, 2002; The Observer,6903,680265,00.html


  • Harvard Center for Cancer Prevention

  • Healthy Communications - Health, Awareness and Harmony
    Shelley Kramer
    Public Health and Cancer Prevention Educator
    Los Angeles Director of the Cancer Prevention Coalition
    888 377 8877
    310 457 5176
    Fax 310 883 2082


    Herbal Treatments - History and Controversy

    Josef M. Issels, MD/ Issels Treatment

    Immune System Enhancement

    Immunology Medical Associates

    International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC)
    World Health Organization.

    Klinik St. Georg
    Meditherm GmbH & Co. KG
    Rosenheimer Str. 6-8 . 83043 Bad Aibling/Germany
    Tel.: int. +49 (0) 8061-398-0 . Fax: int. +49 (0) 8061-398-454
    In Deutsche and English

    Liver cancer rates jump 70 percent in 20 years - March 10, 1999
    Cable News Network
    " Rise in hepatitis B and C cases led to increase, researchers say
    ... Death rates from other liver cancers were increasing at a similar pace, they found. "
    The liver is responsible for processing all toxins, including superfluous toxins found
    in synthetic pesticides and synthetic fragrances used in personal care and cleaning/
    maintenance products. -- barb


    Center for Complex Infectious Diseases.
    "... CCID's focus is away from the clinical categorization of illnesses into such entities as
    CFS, FM, MCS, psychosis, etc. Patients are viewed as having multi-system illnesses
    due to persisting stealth viral infections. ..."

    Central Texas Poison Center - CTPC
    The CTPC is a 24-hour poison emergency treatment and information resource for
    health care professionals and the public in Central Texas.

    Ceramic Heaters

    Ceramic Oxygen Masks & Tygon Tubing
    Folks, over and over, I get requests for info on ceramic masks and tygon tubing and I've only
    just found a source. I recommend that you contact American Environmental Health
    AEHF has a catalog of "environmentally safe products." -- barb



    CFIDS (Chronic Fatigue) - CFS - FM - ME
    EHN does not endorse any therapy, doctor, etc. The information is here as a resource.
    Do your own investigative work. Look at more than just one side of any issue. And, always talk
    with your own healthcare or legal professioal. -- barb

    See EHN's . . .
    GWS Links at

    MCS Links at

    I suggest that everyone living with ADD, Autism, CIFDS, CFS, GWS, FM, ME , MCS, et al.,
    make a concerted effort to keep one's life as free from synthetic fertilizers, flavors, fragrances,
    pesticides and other consumer products with high-emitting VOCs (volatile organic

    In public venues, you have a right to breathe -- believe it or not! -- so ask for your public entity to
    institute fragrance-free programs for personal care and to use fragrance-free cleaning and
    maintenance products, and promote true Integrated Pest Management practices (least toxic
    pesticides used only as a last resort!). There is nothing in fragrance-free policies that
    says you don't have to be clean. Clean is not defined by a concoction of petrochemicals
    to create a scent, except by the fragrance industry in its ads.

    Use the information provided in EHN's petition of the US Food and Drug Administration,
    Docket 99P-1340 to document your requests for cleaner air. The Analysis Summary was
    performed by a reputable laboratory . . . those chemicals were discovered. And, please write the FDA.
    Analysis Summary:

    FDA Petition 99P-1340: -- barb

    end CFIDS links

    Return to MCS category, subcategory C

    Return to top of page.

    Charter on Industrial Hazards and Human Rights

    "Judgment of the Permanent Peoples Tribunal on Human Rights and
    Industrial Hazards; Bhopal, India, October 1992.

    [This is a lengthy document. Please visit this site to gain its full impact. --barb]


      "Article 4 Right to organise
      " 1. All community members and workers have the right to organise
      with other local communities and workers for the purpose of seeking to
      ensure a working environment free from hazard. [emphasis mine --bw]

      " 2. In particular, the right to organise includes:

        (a) the freedoms of expression, association and peaceful assembly;
        (b) the right to form local, national and international organisations;
        (c) the rights to campaign, lobby, educate and exchange information;
        (d) the right to form trade unions;
        (e) the right to strike or take other forms of industrial action."

    You may wish to check for Chat Rooms via your search function and Google.
    Try as I might, I can't keep up with the growing information available on MCS and
    MCS Chats, etc. That is good news. When I first started out, there was very little info
    available. It is also bad news. The longer the "experts" have taken the industry's
    line of thinking ( to heart,
    the more millions of people have become ill . . . or prematurely dead. A very sad
    commentary. It IS the s, folks. And, it IS indoor air quality that really gets us . . .
    and our pets. We all can do something about our indoor air ... make smarter, cleaner air,
    purchasing decisions. Let's wake up before it's too late for all. -- barb

    Also see Lists


  • CHEC - Children's Health Environmental Coalition -


  • Cemeteries -- GREEN


    Cleaners -- as in GREEN Cleaners!
  • Theo Colborn PhD (1927 - )

    To start you off if you are concerned with janitorial products --
    Evaluating Product Risks - PDF file

    Maintenance Chemicals in Schools 1996

    CLEAN -- real clean does not have a scented odor
    Live healthy now, you'll live better later. -- barb

    Crocodile - Insect Repellent I've said goodbye to mosquitos, flies, fleas . . . I use the cream, which is a mosquito, fly and flea
    disincentive that works great for me. -- barb

    Consumer Fact Sheets

  • Disinfectant
  • Dr. Mercola on cosmetics and cleaning


    Dr. Mom's Advice


  • EARTH AND HEALTH friendly places to shop


  • Earth Tech

  • EcoMall


  • Ecover
    "Powerful Cleaning in a Sustainable Way"


  • Enhanced Aesthetics
    Skincare & Nutrition & Collectibles

  • essiac information (herbal tea)
    A consumer resource guide about all aspects of essiac

  • Evergreen Rooms

  • Fragrance Triggers Asthma! So sayeth notable institutions.
    Please see EHN's Avoid Fragrances

  • Fragranced Products Information Network

  • Fragrances: Julia Kendall's work -- compilation of information on the toxic chemicals in fragrance products

    (Julia died July 12, 1997. She had suffered from leukemia as a result of pesticide poisoning.
    She not only battled long and hard against her illness, but up to her last days, she was an
    activist and advocate, dedicated to helping others who had been chemically injured. Her
    work lives on -- and is to be freely copied, with her credit lines in place. -- barb) --

  • Furniture

  • Gardens Alive!

    Gazoontite Store

  • Gifts

  • GreenBiz
    "Commercial and industrial cleaning products can contain a brew of toxic chemicals
    and can cause injury to those who use them, as well as for anyone else in the products'
    breathing space. Janitors and building maintenance workers cite safety as their
    number-one job concern. Products safer for human users also are safer for the
    environment and can replace more-toxic products. ... "

  • Health, Awareness and Harmony
    888 377 8877
    310 457 5176
    Fax 310 883 2082




    Household Products
    How Safe Is YOUR Bathroom?
    Common Sense Nutrition


  • Hygenaire

  • I Can Breathe! (masks by Adrien Bledstein)
    Watch out for the "rip-off" variety ... they're not the same! -- barb

  • Indoor Air Hazards

  • Jacki's MCS Resources

  • Janitorial Products - Pollution Prevention Project


  • Jen-Par Enterprises
    Environmental and People Safe Products
  • Joan LaCroix and her badges/caps/T-Shirts in The New Reactor

  • Lawn Mowers (non polluting)

  • Lifekind

  • Lighthouse Press
    Serving Consumers Looking for Alternative Sources

  • Low-emitting VOC (volatile organic compounds) products Sustainable Building Sourcebook
    (Paints, Finishes and Adhesives)


  • MARKETS ... which I've found safer products -- barb

  • MCS/CI Business Directory

  • Matresses
    • Cotton Batting with Boric Acid


    • Some Crib Mattresses Toxic Adapted from the "Care2 Ask Annie" newsletter.
      " ... Organic cotton mattresses. Organic cotton mattresses are much preferable to
      nonorganic because of the heavy pesticide use in the cotton industry. By federal law,
      cotton used in mattresses must be treated with a fire retardant. In most cases this is
      boric acid, which does not release vapors and is considered nontoxic. Note that
      organic cotton can have a strong smell that some find distasteful. ... "


  • MCS Vendor List

  • Miller Paint Environmentally Friendly Paint

  • Natural Health and Beauty


  • Natural Way Soapworks

  • Nature's Country Store N.E.E.D.S. (National Ecological and Environmental Delivery System)

      Call today to ask for their comprehensive catalog.
      NEEDS, Inc.
      PO Box 580
      E. Syracuse, NY 13057

    NO Harmful cHEMICALS, carcinogens OR TOXINS! -- Shelley Kramer

  • Neways Hair Care System


  • Nirvana Safe Haven and the Non Toxic Hot Line
    "We provide purified, ionized or filtered air, filtered water,
    organic cotton clothing, natural chemical free wool, organic
    cotton mattrresses and futons, chemical free bedding and
    natural fiber hemp futons.

  • Nontoxic Environments
    (Building and household products)

  • ORGANIC Items
    These are just suggestions, folks. Please do your own reserach to fit your own needs. -- barb
    See EHN's Organics category at

    Also see Organics under EHN's Action Letters


  • Organic Trade Association (OTA)
    "The Organic Trade Association (OTA) is a membership based business association
    representing the organic industry in Canada, the United States and Mexico. ..."
    60 Wells Street
    Greenfield, MA 01301
    P.O. Box 547
    Greenfield, MA 01302

    phone: 413-774-7511
    fax: 413-774-6432


    Personal Care - Aftershave, shampoo, conditioners, soaps
    Ever key in to Google, "baking soda shampoo"? You get a lot of listings for pets.
    Why not for human beings? Why should we get all of the superfluous toxins? -- barb

  • Shaving Cream ... and aftershaves
    Aloe Vera works as an aftershave. As with all other products, services, therapies, etc, these are merely suggestions. -- barb
  • Shelter Ecology
    Products catalog

  • Sun Screen
  • Planet Solutions

  • Priorities

  • Products for the Chemically Sensitive / Environmentally Ill


  • Products I Need -- Where Can I Find ?
    (Melva Gail Smith's site)

  • Product Recalls


  • Real Goods

  • The Rip-off Report
    "V ictim of a consumer Rip-off? Want justice! The Rip-off Report is the
    nationwide consumer reporting web site to enter complaints about companies
    and individuals who are ripping people off. ..."

  • Safe, Unscented Products
    List provided by
    Sheila Bastien, Ph.D.
    2126 Los Angeles Street
    Berkeley, CA 94707

  • SAFECHOICE Healty Environments

  • Sanitary Supply

  • SERRV Products Orders

  • Seventh Generation


      Free and Clear Products
      " ... Many conventional products call their products 'Free,' but
      mask the smell of their surfactants (detergents) with added
      fragrances. Seventh Generation products are truly free and
      clear of added fragrances and we confirm our products are
      hypo-allergenic through independent testing. ..."
      NOTE: Mainstream consumer products are often labeled "UNscented" or Fragrance-FREE,
      which is totally bogus, but allowable under the FDA. The fragrance industry IS self regulated.
      They focus of their "thorough" testing is for skin effects of only the primary user. They have yet
      to begun serious testing for adverse effects for folks other than primary user's skin . . . and
      they've not a clue as to long-term effects, systemic effects, or what happens to one's respiratory
      system or brain when assaulted by these toxic chemical concoctions. The chemicals go into the air
      to impact the health of untold others, but they also go into YOUR body and the bodies of your
      children . . . even those at the embryonic or fetal stage of development. Buyer beware. Fragrances
      contain carcinogens, neurotoxins, teratogens, hormone disrupters, irritants and sensitizers. -- barb


  • Shaklee Cleaners
    Vist the site for even more cleaners than the ones I've linked to . . . -- barb


    • Basic-H -- Effectively cleans hard surfaces, furniture, walls, enameled woodwork,
      floors, glass, cars, appliances - even delicate fabrics; No phosphates, chlorine, borates,
      nitrates, or fragrance

      Basic-G© Disinfects and deodorizes while it cleans

    • Basic-G Highly Concentrated Germicide -- When used as directed, effective
      against more than 40 bacteria, fungi, and viruses, including: various Salmonella,
      Staph and Strep pathogens, Herpes simplex types I and II, HIV-1 (AIDS virus),
      Influenza-A/Hong Kong, Athletes foot, Feline leukemia, Canine distemper, and Rabies.

    • Basic-IÆ Industrial Strength Cleaner -- Removes grease and grime --
      without phosphates or nitrates -- Penetrates, emulsifies, and removes grease and grime
      Ideal for heavy-duty home, industrial, and commercial jobs: garage tools, barbecue
      grills, driveways, workshop and garage floors


  • Spring Wind Skin Care Products
    I can use their lip balm, but the product I've relied upon to help heal my instant acne -- pops as
    soon as I've been assaulted by perfumed products -- is the Spring Wind Ointment 2 oz -
    100% Natural ... jar of soothing ointment. It also heals the grandkids diaper rashes. -- barb


  • Sustainable Building Sourcebook
  • Tikvah: Your source for organic and natural products
    "Tikvah is an online store run by the owner of Immune Web ( We sell products for people
    with chemical sensitivities, including organic soap. Answer our survey about products
    you want and get a coupon for $2 off your first order."


  • Tom's of Maine


  • UCB Parents Recommendations - Commercial Services


  • Village Traders - Organic Coffee
    "Organic Coffee grown under the canopy of the South American rainforest."


  • Women's Environmental Network
    "Deodorant chemicals found in breast tumours WEN welcomes a study by
    researchers at Reading University that shows chemicals commonly used in
    deodorants and other cosmetics have contaminated the human breast."


  • Zeolite
    "Very Safe Non-toxic, it is even is used as a binder, filler in animal feed!!Ý
    I have also seen it used in cosmetics, and used in eastern Europe to helpÝ
    remove radiations from humans & cattle, after a Nuclear mishap. It is usedÝ
    in high-end air cleaners, ever hear of a (CZ filter - carbon/zeolite filter to
    remove VOC's). it is used in water filtration plants, the list is endless!!
    It is used in pet fish tanks to remove ammonia from the water. Supermarkets
    now are starting to carry small zeolite containers to keep food fresh in a
    refrigerator. FDA has also approved it's use in shoes and directly on your
    feet (foot powder)."

    -- end consumer products and cosmetics --


    Continuing Education Courses
    "Fragrance Sensitivity: Impact on Health and Health Care"
    (In "Course Number" filed, type in 138 and click on "Find.")


    Cook's Thesaurus


    Metric Conversions


    Co-op America
    Look for articles on cosmetics. -- barb

    • American Chemical Society
      "What Chemists Need to Know about Copyright "


    • Fair Use of Copyrighted Material
        US Code brought to us by
        Legal Information Institute, Cornell Law School, Myron Taylor Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853
        General inquiries & mail:

        Check out this site. Listed below are just a few sections I thought important to bring to
        your attention. -- barb

      • Title 17: Sec. 101. - Definititions


      • Title 17: Sec. 102. - Subject matter of copyright: In general


      • Title 17: Sec. 107. - Limitations on exclusive rights: Fair use
        "Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 106 and 106A, the fair use of a copyrighted
        work, including such use by reproduction in copies or phonorecords or by any other
        means specified by that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news
        reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or
        research, is not an infringement of copyright. ..."


    • Myths FAQ: 10 big myths about copyright explained
      "... For example, in the USA, almost everything created privately after April 1, 1989 is
      copyrighted and protected whether it has a notice or not. The default you should
      assume for other people's works is that they are copyrighted and may not be copied
      unless you *know* otherwise. ..."

    Corporate Information
    Richard L. Corsi, The University of Texas at Austin
    An excellent read on Indoor Air Quality. -- barb

    Please do your own research. I'm just providing a few examples of information. Be sure to check adverese reactions of all medication ... prescribed or OTC (over-the-counter). -- barb


    Cosmetic Info

    Look for Safer Cosmetic Alternatives, below

    Be sure to also search with your web browser's find command as cosmetic info is scattered
    throughout this page, especially under Consumer Info, above.

    And then, for those who wonder what cosmetic products I use, the answer is: Sometimes, a little
    touch of lipstick. I also use organic Jojoba Oil on my skin and from time to time rub it into my
    scalp hours before shampooing.

    I learned many years ago when I was a teen that makeup and I just didn't do well together. Other
    classmates used pancake makeup so thickly it looked as though their faces would crack if they
    smiled, but when I tried even a little makeup, my face would become an acne bloom. Later in
    life, I developed my acne bloom, just from working with folks who chose to wear perfume. The
    cosmetic industry has made precious few of its multibillion dollars off of me. I'd suggest
    purchasing Dr. Epstein's book, The Safe Shopper's Bible and also getting to know true organics.

    One last thought, when you think cosmetics, think fragranes. When you think fragrance, think toxins. When you think toxins, think poison. When you think poison, think of this definition by American Heritage Dictionary: "1. A substance that causes injury, illness, or death, especially by chemical means." The industry may wish you to believe that our modern fragrances are safe and wholesome, but that is not the case. The for they are used not only as a scent in and of themselves, but also to mask objectionable odors in products. When fragrances are used as masks, the product is allowed to be misleadingly labeled "unscented" or "fragrance-free". -- barb

    • Because we're worth it -- The Campaign for Safe Cosmetics


        There's a lot more here . . . go explore for yourself! -- barb
      • Are your products safe?
        "The chemicals in any one consumer product alone are unlikely to cause
        harm. But unfortunately, we are repeatedly exposed to industrial
        chemicals from many different sources on a daily basis, including
        cosmetics and personal care products. ..."
        I couldn't have said this better myself. Well, maybe a tad better, for I'd heighten the fact
        that we also USE the products worn and used by other people. We inhale them and absorb
        them and they are then us! -- barb


      • Because we're worth it! Men's Corner
        The Campaign for Safe Cosmetics
        "Many products that men use everyday, including deodorant, shampoo, sun
        tan cremes, and aftershave lotion, contain toxic chemicals linked to health
        problems in males. Lead acetate, a known carcinogen and reproductive toxin,
        can be purchased at the local drugstore in Grecian Formula 16. Phthalates, a set
        of industrial chemicals used in many products, are particularly toxic for males. ..."

      • Face Facts
        "Chemicals linked to cancer and birth defects do not belong in cosmetics. Period. ..."


      Co-op America
      Look for articles on cosmetics. -- barb

  • Cosmetics and Color Certification
    "FDA estimates that over 40,000 cosmetic product formulators are being produced in
    more than 1,600 domestic manufacturing and repacking establishments. Consumer
    expenditures for cosmetic products exceed $20 billion annually. The cosmetics industry
    uses about 7,500 different cosmetic ingredients and about 4,000 fragrance ingredients. ..."
    Folks, this page was updated 1998-JUN-15 . Think what those numbers might be in 2003.
    Let our researchers and our doctors start looking at fragrances as a cause of neurological
    problems, respiratory problems, etc. The chemicals are there, but to never measure means
    they'll never be managed. -- barb


  • Organic Consumers Association's Coming Clean


  • The Safe Shopper's Bible
    D. Steinman and S. S. Epstein. New York, September, 1995:
    MacMillan Publishing Company

  • EHN's petition of the FDA
    to declare Calvin Klein's Eternity eau de parfum "misbranded" -- replete with analyses,
    contact and complementary info

    Also visit EHN's General Links, page F, Fragrance

    And do visit the FDA's site -- COSMETICS


    • Cosmetic Ingredients: Understanding the Puffery
      FDA; by Judith E. Foulke; May 1992
      Comments by barb in Italics.
      Excerpted: " ... The argument is sometimes made that while Congress intended to
      safeguard the health and economic interests of consumers with the Federal Food, Drug,
      and Cosmetic Act, it also meant to protect a manufacturer's right to market a product
      free of excessive government regulation. And, in an industry that sells personal image,
      especially images of beauty and sex appeal, not allowing the puffery claims
      would certainly hurt the marketing, says Bailey. ... [Maybe that was OK in the days when fragrances were made mainly with esences from plants and animals, but I believe that time has shown that the manufacturers have not shown enough responsibility for marketing products substantiated for safety . . . beyond, perhaps, dermatological effects to the primary user. Where is the concern for dermatological effects to the nonuser, posed by the volatilizing chemicals from fragrances used by others? And, bigger questions are: Where are the studies for effects upon absorption, upon inhalation, for long-term effects, for systemic effects, for effects upon brain and nervous systems, for effects upon developing embryos and fetuses . . . and our infants, children and our elderly??????]

      "... Still, with the exception of colors and certain prohibited ingredients, a cosmetic manufacturer may use essentially any raw material in a product and market it without prior FDA approval. The prohibited ingredients are biothionol, hexachlorophene, mercury compounds (except as preservatives in eye cosmetics), vinyl chloride and zirconium salts in aerosol products, halogenated salicylanilides, chloroform, and methylene chloride. [Emphasis added.]

      "Federal regulations require ingredients to be listed on product labels in descending order by quantity, but often the list is not user-friendly. Because cosmetic ingredients are often complex chemical substances, the list may be incomprehensible to the product's average user. (See "Cosmetic Safety: More Complex Than at First Blush" in the November 1991 FDA Consumer.) However, if the same name is used by all manufacturers, consumers can compare different products and make reasonable value judgments. ... [Remember, fragrance ingredients are protected by trade secret laws. Therefore, you will not learn of the chemicals used in the manufacture of a fragrance, regardless if that scent is in perfume or any other scented products you buy.]


    • Cosmetic Safety: More Complex Than at First Blush
      by Dori Stehlin; FDA; November 1991; revised May 1995
      "... According to a study of cosmetic reactions conducted by the North American Contact Dermatitis Group, preservatives are the second most common cause of allergic and irritant reactions to cosmetics. Fragrances are number one. Although the study is more than 10 years old, the results can still be considered valid today, says Harold R. Minus, M.D., an associate professor of dermatology at Howard University Hospital. (For more information on this study, see "Cosmetic Allergies" in the November 1986 FDA Consumer.) [Fragrances are the number one cause of allergic and irritant reactions to cosmetics . . . and that is not even taking into account the affects upon the respiratory systems and brains of users and non-users who are forced into being "secondhand users."]
    • Beautalent Commerce Centre - Chemicals


    • Clear Complexions
      Scale of Comedegenic & Irritant Potential of Cosmetic Ingredients


    • The Cosmetic Health Report Inc

    • Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR)

    • Cosmetic Ingredients (Elke)


    • Cosmetic Ingredients (INCI and Fragrances) by chemical name

      Cosmetic Report
    • The Cosmetic, Toiletry, and Fragrance Association (CTFA)
      "The Cosmetic, Toiletry, and Fragrance Association(CTFA) is the leading U.S. trade
      association for the personal care products industry, with about 600 member companies.
      Founded in 1894, CTFA works to protect the freedom of the industry to compete in
      a fair and responsible marketplace."
      Now I can't find this quote . . . but it was up on CTFA's site. -- barb

        "CTFA is the national trade association representing the cosmetic, toiletry, and
        fragrance industry. Founded in 1894, CTFA has an active membership of
        approximately 275 companies that manufacture or distribute the vast
        majority of finished personal care products marketed in the United States.
        CTFA also includes approximately 275 associate member companies,
        including manufacturers of raw materials, trade and consumer magazines,
        and other related industries."


      • Consumer Information


          "The CTFA Foundation works with the American Cancer Society and the
          National Cosmetology Association in implementing Look Good...Feel Better
          -- a free, public service program that teaches makeup techniques to women
          undergoing cancer treatment, helping them to regain their self-confidence
          and to better cope with the appearance-related side effects of chemotherapy
          and radiation.

          I cannot help but see this as an advertising gimmick that gives products with potential
          carcinogens to people whose health is already compromised by cancer. For more information,
          please visit the links under Cancer-Cosmetic Connection. -- barb


      • Debunking Internet Rumors
        "Several rumors concerning personal care products or ingredients used in
        them have been circulating around the Internet. Here are the facts behind
        these false and unsubstantiated rumors. "
        Remember, CTFA is in the business of promoting cosmetics and fragrances. Weigh the
        information you read about adverse health effects, note who is making the statement, look at
        their background information . . . and then judge for yourself. And remember it is often safer to
        err on the side of caution. -- barb


      • How Cosmetics Are Regulated
        "The Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act requires that cosmetics and their
        individual ingredients must be safe and that labeling must be truthful and not
        misleading. The Food and Drug Administration¼s (FDA) legal authority over
        cosmetics is comparable with its authority over other FDA-regulated
        products, such as foods, nonprescription drugs, and nonprescription medical
        devices. FDA can take immediate action to stop the sale of any product that
        does not meet these standards.

        Cosmetic ingredients are reviewed by the Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR),
        an independent, non profit scientific body that holds open public meetings
        and publishes its findings in a peer reviewed journal. Its seven voting medical
        and scientific members must meet the same conflict of interest standards as
        persons serving on the FDA¼s outside advisory committees. FDA, the
        Consumer Federation of America, and industry serve as liaison members on
        the CIR Expert Panel.

        Consumers can have confidence in their cosmetics given their oversight by
        FDA and long history of safe use.


          And all I can think to say in response to that first paragraph is: Pretend you are
          from the SHOW ME! state and go look at what all the FDA does not and cannot do regarding
          fragrances and cosmetics. Then try to feel safe . . . -- barb
        • FDA's "Authority" Over Cosmetics


      • Press Statements


      • A Centennial History of CTFA


      • Annual Report - 2001


      • Cosmetics Containing Phthalates Are Safe
        July 10, 2002 - CTFA Statement
        Notice the date . . . this is in response to the Not Too Pretty release . . . and we've already learned what all the FDA does not do regarding fragrances.-- barb


      • CTFA Response Statement (To be used to respond to inquiries)
        3/11/99, OTC Labeling Regulation; March 11, 1999, PRST 99-5
        "... This new rule will cover a wide variety of personal care products including those
        containing sunscreens. CTFA believes that sunscreen-containing lipsticks, makeup
        products and skin lotions should not be required to carry the same labeling as, for
        example, cough and cold medicines. There is no danger of consumers overdosing
        themselves with sunscreens. In fact, many consumers do not use enough sunscreen
        to get the full health benefit from these products. ..."


        " The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has abundant authority to regulate the
        safety of cosmetic products. FDA, however, has had comparatively little need to use its
        authority because cosmetics are generally composed of extremely safe ingredients
        and because, when necessary, the cosmetic industry has acted voluntarily to prevent
        safety problems.

        "The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act) outlaws adulterated or
        misbranded cosmetic products. ..."
        And under the topic of "misbranded" the FDA doesn't do what it can do: REQUIRE warning
        labels on fragrances released to market without adequate testing! It's as complicaated as that. -- barb

        FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE, CONTACT:Mike Petrina, CTFA (202) 331-1770
        Sen. Kennedy must be doing something right to generate this release! -- barb
        "Over the past few days, Senator Edward Kennedy (D-MA) has launched a highly
        inaccurate and misleading attack on cosmetics, as part of his opposition to the Food
        and Drug Administration Modernization bill. He has also mischaracterized several
        important issues, including the safety of cosmetics, FDA's current authority and
        what the cosmetics industry is seeking through national uniformity of cosmetic labels ..."

          I, too, believe their should be uniform labeling . . . labeling that properly informs the consumers! And fragrances released to market without adequate testing for effects upon inhalation are not adequately tested. Afterall, fragrances and products with them, are made to be smelled . . .inhaled! The industry and the FDA should know the effects of these petrochemical brews on the primary user, as well as those subjected to secondary and tertiary levels of inhalation exposure. In addition, if fragrances are not tested for neurotoxic effects, or carcinogenic or teratogenic effects, they are not adequately tested.

          Heavens, the most testing done has been for skin reactions of the primary user. What about eczema, acne, rashes, burning and itchiness, hives, the feeling of millions of hot needles being applied, etc. . . . suffered at secondary and tertiary levels of exposure, not just primary level? As it stands, those exposed and suffering adverse events at the second- and third-hand levels of exposure are ignored, as have been primary users who have complained to the industry and the FDA -- we get assurances that are industry-biased.

          To my mind, fragrances are released to market without adequate testing and therefore should carry the FDA mandated warning message: "WARNING:The safety of this product has not been determined."
          All inadequately tested products, not carrying that warning should be declared "misbranded"
          by the FDA. How complicated is that? If you read Authority Over Cosmetics, you'll likely get the idea that there's more the FDA cannot do than what they can do regarding the self-regulated fragrance industry. But the FDA can require the warning. -- barb

          FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: CONTACT:Mike Petrina, CTFA (202) 331-1770
          "WASHINGTON, September 11 -- The Cosmetic, Toiletry, and Fragrance Association
          (CTFA) today won an agreement with U.S. Senate leaders and the Administration
          which provides the industry with national labeling preemption, except in instances
          where the Food and Drug Administration has not taken regulatory action. ..."


        • July 28, 1999--Benefits of Fragrances - PDF file


        • Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association of South Africa
          "The Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association of South Africa was formed in
          1994 to ensure that the industry had a single body to undertake negotiations with
          government bodies and other organisations on its behalf.

          "CTFA has played a crucial role with government. It has led the industry forward with
          regard to regulations and standards, as well as encouraging responsible advertising.
          This self regulation has ensured that the industry has become responsible and takes
          great pride in maintaining the extremely high standards set by the rest of the world. ..."


      • Fifty Years of Cosmetic Safety:
        A Government and Industry Partnership - PDF file

        Work Your Image!



        • Work Your Image! survey - PDF file


        • CTFA¼s Work Your Image! Wins 2002 Associations Advance America Award of Excellence
          Press Release; June 12, 2002; Contact: Irene Malbin, Gwen Hall 202/331-1770
          "... The self-confidence that comes from a job-ready appearance is critical to making that positive first impression in a job interview.¾ -- Ed Kavanaugh, CTFA President

          CTFA stands for the Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association. And, something I find
          interesting is that any number of 'How To' articles for job hunting, are telling folks to leave off
          the perfume or go light with the use of scented products, recognizing the volatile effects of our
          modern petrochemically synthesized scents. -- barb

      • Have you ever wondered why the already fragrance-sensitized individual never got
        anywhere with the FDA . . . L@@K at this! Thanks to Betty Bridges, RN, for the heads up . . .
        she found word about Bailey's move in a document other than CTFA's. -- barb

        • Former FDA Cosmetics Head Joins CTFA - press release, January 22, 2002
          " Washington, D.C. - Dr. John Bailey, former Director of FDA¼s Office of Applied
          Research and Safety Assessment, is joining the Cosmetic, Toiletry, and Fragrance
          Association (CTFA) as Director, Cosmetic Chemistry in mid January 2002.

          "CTFA President Ed Kavanaugh, in making the announcement said, 'I am delighted
          that John will be joining CTFA. He brings to CTFA excellent scientific credentials and
          a great understanding of our industry and its issues based on his many years with FDA.' ... "


      • Take a look back in time to the very early 1990s and Julia Kendall's compilation of
        information, including two John Bailey statements. Am I surprised to find him with CTFA? -- barb

      • Legal and Regulatory Conference to Focus on FDA


      • Cosmetics Containing Phthaalates Are Safe
        RSPT 02-14; 202-331-1770; July 10, 2002; CTFA Statement
        Notice that date. July 10 is the day of the Not Too Pretty press conference! -- barb
        " The use of phthalates in cosmetics and personal care products is supported by
        an extensive body of scientific research and data that confirms safety.
        Phthalates are widely used in many everyday products in modern society. ..."


        • Phthalate Information Center
          American Chemitry Council, Inc.
          You are led to this link at the end of the CTFA statement on safety of phthalates. -- barb


      • Cosmetic industry pushes products to those already living with cancer! It's called the
        "Look Good...Feel Better ®" campaign. Check out the chemicals used, then decide
        if you really want to use these products . . . you have a right to know! See FDA Petition. -- barb

        Look Good...Feel Better ® - A Public Service Program for Cancer Patientes


      • California 10-Year Clean Air Plan Includes Consumer Product Regulation
        CTFA News, Issue 6, Vol 102, March 25, 2002
        " ... and John E. Bailey, Ph.D., director, cosmetic chemistry, CTFA, (former director of
        FDA?s Office of Cosmetics and Colors) joined Beckley and Anderson for an energetic
        discussion of labeling issues with seminar attendees. ..."


      • CTFA Legal Conference To Feature Top Government Officials
        March 27, 2000; Issue 6, Volume 100
        [Scroll down] " ... On Saturday, April 29, the conference will include a session on
        'Air Quality Update: Eye on California' with Peter Venturini, chief of the California
        Air Resources Board's (CARB) Stationary Source Division. For more than 10 years,
        Venturini has been the top staff official at CARB with responsibility for the regulation
        of consumer products. The CARB Stationary Source Division is responsible for drafting
        and implementing the agency's standards that limit volatile organic compounds
        (VOCs) in personal care products such as hair spray, antiperspirant and deodorant
        products, and personal fragrance products. ..."


      • Position Statement on Personal Care Products Efficacy, Proper Use and
        Antibiotic Resistance

        Joint Statement of the Soap and Detergent Association and the
        Cosmetic, Toiletry, and Fragrance Association; June 1, 2000, PRST 00-18


      • Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR)
        "CTFA also supports the Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR), CTFA also supports the Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR)..."

    • Cosmetic Use in Pregnancy
      Potential to Cause Learning Disabilities
      Mental Retardation & Behavior Disorders in Children

    • Cosmetics Counter
      Channel 4000
      MINNEAPOLIS, Posted 10:00 p.m. February 24, 1999

    • Cosmetics -- Looking for safer alternatives?
      EHN and I do not make recommendations. However, I get so many requests for alternative to
      mainstream cosmetics, that I've included a few here. I do not wear cosmetics, so you all are

      really on your own for ferreting out information about products that are safer for you.
      One more word of caution, if it lists "fragrance" on the label, you may want to bet it's from the
      chemical industry. Remember, baking soda is an effective deordorant for your home, your fridge
      and your armpits.-- barb

    • Because we're worth it -- The Campaign for Safe Cosmetics


        There's a lot more here . . . go explore for yourself! -- barb
      • Are your products safe?
        "The chemicals in any one consumer product alone are unlikely to cause
        harm. But unfortunately, we are repeatedly exposed to industrial
        chemicals from many different sources on a daily basis, including
        cosmetics and personal care products. ..."
        I couldn't have said this better myself. Well, maybe a tad better, for I'd heighten the fact
        that we also USE the products worn and used by other people. We inhale them and absorb
        them and they are then us! -- barb


      • Because we're worth it! Men's Corner
        The Campaign for Safe Cosmetics
        "Many products that men use everyday, including deodorant, shampoo, sun
        tan cremes, and aftershave lotion, contain toxic chemicals linked to health
        problems in males. Lead acetate, a known carcinogen and reproductive toxin,
        can be purchased at the local drugstore in Grecian Formula 16. Phthalates, a set
        of industrial chemicals used in many products, are particularly toxic for males. ..."

      • Face Facts
        "Chemicals linked to cancer and birth defects do not belong in cosmetics. Period. ..."


    • Cosmetics Unmasked
      Gina & Steve Antczak, 2001, wrote: "A fifth of the chemicals used by the cosmetics
      industry are known to cause harm. That's over 1,000 commonly used substances. ..."
      Unfortunately, the old, easy-to-remember web address became an URL for a site
      I'd rather not visit. Here is their new home page URL. -- barb


    • CTFA Publications

  • Ending the cosmetics cover-up
    Women's Environmental Network (WEN)
    "Want to feel young, fresh and feminine? Douse yourself in petro-chemicals and smear
    your skin with hormone disruptors. And for fanny-fresh confidence you didn't even
    know you were lacking, wash with our delicate blend of magnesium chloride,
    triclosan, methylchloro-isothiazolinone and other unnatural essences.

    "Cosmetics and toiletries in everyday use contain chemicals that threaten human health
    and the environment, Women's Environmental Network (WEN) warns today at the
    start of a new campaign to 'end the cosmetics cover up'. Most popular shampoos,
    shower gels, moisturisers and perfumes are complex mixtures of synthetic chemicals
    which pose a range of risks. Even products marketed as 'organic', 'herbal' or 'natural'
    may contain only a trace of a natural essence added to a synthetic formula. ..."


  • Everyday Toxins


  • FDA's info on Cosmetics

    -- end cosmetic info --

  • Cosmetic-Cancer Connection?
    Let's see what some experts have to say. -- barb

    Cosmos Access


    I love this line!
    "Notes to Physician" [taken from MSDS Name: Coumarin, 99+%]
    " Treat symptomatically and supportively."
    I dare say, That's good advice. But what about considering the developing fetus?????-- barb

    Coumarin is an anticoagulant, a raw fragrance material, a flavor, a suspected carcinogen,
    a rodentcide, and it is known for its role in fetal abnormalties ...

    Note: See write-up on Warfarinregarding effects on fetus at Healthgate.
    ("Acts as a coumarin anticoagulant to prevent blood clotting") Warning! They state:
    "Heparin is safer during pregnancy than warfarin. See Heparin." From what I've been able to
    find, that may be incorrect information. See below.

    Coumarin is an anticoagulant, a raticide, and a common chemical used without restriction
    in flavoring tobacco. But what's more, it is a commonly used fragrance ingredient. Now what I'm
    trying to learn is: Can the babies of pregnant fragrance users develop Fetal Coumarin syndrome?
    Also, what about pregnant women who are the secondhand recipients of fragrance
    chemicals? I have a link to info linking behavior of children to prenatal exposure to coumarins. -- barb

  • 1: Egypt Dent J 1990 Jan;36(1):55-64 Teratogenic effect of anticoagulant drug "Warfarin" on the development of the palate.
    el-Motayam AM, Gridly MM.
    Helwan Farm for Animal Laboratory, Ministry of Health, A.R.E.
    PMID: 2135262 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

    If you go into the International Chemical Safety Cards - COUMARIN (below) - you'll see that
    Coumarin can be absorbed and it may be a carcinogenic with long-term use. 8/13/00 -- barb

      Coumarin - CAS # 91-64-5
      Folks, it will take a greater mind than mine to tell me why Coumarin is on the California right
      to know list and then goes on to state "California No Significant Risk Level: None of the
      chemicals in this product are listed." Now, what really confuses me no end, is there is not a
      mention of Coumarin Fetal Syndrome. One can also learn:

        Coumarin -
        IARC: Group 3 carcinogen -- "Insufficient evidence"

        No information available.

        No information available.

        Reproductive Effects:
        No information available.

        No information available.

        No information available.

        Other Studies:
        No data available.


        No information available.

      Coumarin is a common ingredient in synthetic scent formulas.,coumarin


  • Danish Environmental Protection Agency
    Aquatic Toxicity ...
    12.7 Coumarin
    Human health
    "Contact sensitization due to exposure with coumarin (CAS No. 91-64-5) may occur (De Groot et al. 1994). Oral rat LD50 is 293 mg/kg. Recent experiments have shown clear evidence of carcinogenic activity of coumarin in female B6C3F1 mice by oral administration, while there is some evidence in male F344/N rats and male B6C3F1 mice."

    TR-422 - Toxicology and Carcinogenesis Studies of Coumarin
    (CAS No. 91-64-5) in F344/N Rats and B6C3F1 Mice (Gavage Studies)

    "... Coumarin and 3,4-dihydrocoumarin were nominated by the Food and Drug
    Administration and the National Cancer Institute for study because of the widespread
    use of coumarin in perfumes, cosmetics, and other products as a fragrance, continued
    interest in coumarin compounds as flavor-enhancing agents for foods, and the interest
    in structure-activity relationships of this important group of compounds. Coumarin is
    believed to be metabolized to a 3,4-epoxide intermediate, which may be responsible for
    its toxic effects, while 3,4-dihydrocoumarin, which lacks the 3,4-double bond, is not
    considered likely to form an epoxide intermediate. ..."

    COUMARIN 91-64-5 - Target Organs and Levels of Evidence
    NTP Technical Report Number 422 Produced from Chemtrack Database 09/19/01

    From WebMD
    Plant Poisoning, Glycosides - Coumarin
    Alas, what they don't tell you in this article is that coumarin is a commonly used fragrance
    ingredient. So now, read this and wonder what could happen to your fetus if you use perfume, or
    are exposed to it daily in the workplace or in school or wherever. -- barb

    And before leaving Coumarin - CAS # 91-64-5, let's take a look at the toxicity info. -- barb

    Analysis of fragrance compounds in blood samples of mice by gas chromatography,
    mass spectrometry, GC/FTIR and GC/AES after inhalation of sandalwood oil.

    Jirovetz L, Buchbauer G, Jager W, Woidich A, Nikiforov A.; Institute of
    Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of Vienna, Austria; PubMed


  • Aroma Profiles of Various Lavandula Species
    By Eleanor Wiesenfeld, Noville, South Hackensack, NJ


  • Behavioural outcome of school-age children after prenatal exposure to coumarins.
    Wesseling J, Van Driel D, Heymans HS, Van der Veer E, Sauer PJ, Touwen BC, Smrkovsky M


  • bianca's Herb Garden : Tonka

  • California's Prop 65 chemicals
    Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment
    California Environmental Protection Agency; May 1997
    Use YOUR computer's "find" command to search for Coumarin.
    " ... There is a HIGH level of concern over the extent of exposure to coumarin. In
    addition to being widely used in perfumes, soap, other related household products,
    coumarin is also used as an odor-masking agent that may be found in paints,
    insecticides, and plastics (NTP, 1993). In 1990, NIOSH (NTP, 1993) estimated that
    approximately 240,000 workers are potentially exposed. The annual production of
    coumarin in the US is reported to be over 1 million lbs/yr (TSCA, 1990). ..."
    Now, what I'd like to know is: Where are the studies on pregnant women who use perfume
    and fragrances in other personal care products, as well as in household cleaning and maintenance
    products and/or who work in jobs where fragrances are KING???? One does not have to
    personally use fragrances to be adversely affected by them. But for the pregnant woman who uses
    them, I should think there would be concern for Coumarin is quickly absorbed into the body.
    This study looks at the carcinogenic effects of Coumarin. I say we should also look at the effects
    of common, but unwitting use of Coumarin as a fragrance ingredient and its subsequent
    potential for harming developing embryos and fetuses . . . babies! -- barb


  • Cancer Research Center of America, Inc.


  • Chemicals used in Cosmetics Causing Adverse Effects
    The Natural Skincare Institute

  • Cleaning Pro
    ARE YOU AND YOUR CHILDREN SAFE? "Another relevant term is 'teratogen'. According to 'American Heritage', a 'teratogen'
    is any agent, such as a virus, a drug, or radiation, that adversely affects and causes
    malformation of a developing embryo or fetus. Chemicals can cross not only our
    blood-brain barriers but also blood-placental barriers.Many pesticides fall into this
    category...and so do chemical ingredients used to concoct synthetic scents in our personal
    care and conventional cleaning products. For example, take "Fetal Coumarin
    Syndrome". Women during pregnancy are told NOT to use coumarin as an anticoagulant.
    However, coumarin is a common fragrance ingredient and moves swiftly into the
    body. "Teratogens" can cause serious birth defects. "


  • Common Fragrance Chemicals in Laundry Products And Cleaners

  • Common -- Fragrance And Chemical Sensitivity Support Group
    "has been banned for use in foods because of reports of hepatotoxicity in rodents.
    This study shows there is systemic absorption through the skin."


  • Coumarin
    - author unknown

  • COUMARIN (Group 3)
       - 1,2-Benzopyrone
       - 5,6-Benzo-2-pyrone
       - Benzo-a -pyrone
       - cis-ortho-Coumarinic acid lactone
       - Coumarinic anhydride
       - ortho-Hydroxycinnamic acid lactone


    • Group 3 definition: "Group 3: The agent (mixture or exposure circumstance) is not
      classifiable as to its carcinogenicity to humans.

      "This category is used most commonly for agents, mixtures and exposure circumstances
      for which the evidence of carcinogenicity is inadequate in humans and inadequate or
      limited in experimental animals.

      "Exceptionally, agents (mixtures) for which the evidence of carcinogenicity is inadequate in
      humans but sufficient in experimental animals may be placed in this category when
      there is strong evidence that the mechanism of carcinogenicity in experimental animals
      does not operate in humans.

      "Agents, mixtures and exposure circumstances that do not fall into any other group are
      also placed in this category. "


  • Coumarin metabolism, toxicity and carcinogenicity: relevance for human risk assessment.
    Lake BG
    "Only cancer risk, and liver & lung toxicity is considered in this study."


  • Coumarins

  • Coumarins on Michael Tierra's Planetherbs and East West Herb Course
    Asafoetida: for digestive weakness, food allergies and candida
    by Dr. Michael Tierra L.Ac., O.M.D.
    DEVIL'S DUNG): Class 2b, 2d contraindicated for infant colic (AHPA, 1997). Bitter
    acrid taste and disagreeable, garlic-like odor, due mostly to its volatile oil.
    Odor imparted through excretions and eructations. Medicinal use may result in swollen
    lips, gastric burning, belching, flatulence, diarrhea, burning during urination,
    headaches, dizziness, convulsions (AEH; PHR). Newall, Anderson, and Phillipson (1996)
    report the gum of related species to be irritant to the skin and stomach,.and
    to cause dermatitis. Because it is reputed to affect the menstrual cycle and to be an
    abortifacient, its use in pregnancy and lactation is to be avoided. It oxidizes fetal
    hemoglobin but not adult hemoglobin. Coumarins may interfere with coagulation
    therapy and may cause chromosomal damage (CAN). 50-100 mg resin reported to
    cause convulsions in nervous people (AHPA, 1997).
    ..." [Emphasis added.]
    What is the role played by coumarins in fragrances???? Especially upon developing fetuses. -- barb

  • Earth Talk: Fragrances
    by Rachel Naba


  • The ecotoxicology of vegetable versus mineral based lubricating oils:
    3. Coral fertilization and adult corals

    Philip Mercurio, Andre P. Negri*, Kathryn A. Burns, Andre J. Heyward
    Australian Institute o Marine Science, PMB 3 Townsville MC, 4810, Australia
    Received 18 March 2003; accepted 5 November 2003
    "Capsule": Vegetable derived lubricants were less toxic to adult corals than
    their mineral counterparts.
    Once they got the "fragrance containing coumarin" out! What do fragrances containing
    coumarins do to developing fetuses? I've not found a hint that that has been studied. How,
    can the medical industry so quickly hop on the UNEXPLAINED bandwagon whenever asked
    about the sharp rise in rates of various chronic diseases and fetal development problems? They are
    quick with their UNEXPLAINED, which saves them looking at the role that may be played by
    the proliferation of perfumed products during the past thirty years! It is past time for the
    buying public to take care of their health by purchasing safer products. Remember, fragrances have
    not be substantiated for safety before purchasing. The industry's primary concern has been for the
    skin reactions of the primary user. They've not given a hang about others who get sick breathing
    the volatilizing toxins. Heck, they haven't even been much concerned about the users breathing
    and absorbing into their bodies, the toxins which are found via analysis. Buyer BEWARE! -- barb

    Crown Copyright © 2004 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights resered. ..."


  • Environmental Health Perspectives - Volume 102, Number 9, September 1994
    Cigarette Secrets
    Coumarin is used inin fragrances and in flavoring tobacco, although banned in foods. -- barb


  • European Commission -- Food Safety: From the farm to the fork


    Fetal Coumarin Syndrome

    If you don't look, you can't find it. It's corollary: Never measure, never manage. As long as
    fragrances aren't studied for possible effects upon developing embryos and fetuses, we'll continue
    to read , "No data available." Who is best served? Certainly not the public. -- barb

    • "Coumarin -- commonly used in fragrances --has been banned for use in
      foods because of reports of hepatotoxicity in rodents. This study shows there is
      systemic absorption through the skin."
      Fragrance and Chemical Sensitivity Support Group


    • Fetal coumarin syndrome
      What I keep asking is, Why, oh why doesn't coumarin as used in fragrances being studied
      for its possible effects upon fetuses? There has got to be something more than those "unexplained"
      high rates of fetal development problems here in the US. Maybe its our reliance upon flavors
      and fragrances, derived from petrochemicals and released to market without substantiation of
      safety and NO warnings required by the US FDA. See EHN's FDA petition, 99P-1340, filed
      May 11, 1999 and still open and accepting comments from the public who want to see safer
      products and honest labeling. -- barb; May, 11, 2007

      "1999-12-08-17 Fetal coumarin syndrome © FontÝ
      Fetal coumarin syndrome
      Guillermo Font, MD, & Mariana Solari, MD
      Definition: Fetal anomalies resulting from exposure to coumarin (anticoagulant) during pregnancy.
      Synonyms: Fetal warfarin syndrome, fetal coumarin embryopathy.
      Incidence: Exposure to coumarin in the 1 ST trimester carries a 25-30 % incidence of fetal warfarin syndrome [1]
      Etiology: Exposure to coumarin[2].
      Recurrence risk: Recurrence is possible if there is repeated exposure to coumarin
      Diagnosis: Facial anomalies (nasal hypoplasia, cleft lip and palate), hypoplasia of extremeties
      (rhizomelic dwarfism, short fingers and dystrophic nails), scoliosis, CNS malformations (agenesis of
      corpus callosum, Dandy-Walker malformation, hydrocephalus, cephalocele), heart defects
      and IUGR. [3], [4]
      Pathogenesis: Hemorrhage, subsequent scarring and interference with vitamin K dependant
      proteins responsible for bone and other organ formation
      Associated anomalies: The same found under diagnosis
      Differential diagnosis: Exclusion of chromosomal abnormalities, or structural anomalies not
      associated with coumarin exposure
      Prognosis: Dependant on the severity of the fetal malformation involved. Overall survival and
      handicaps depend on the severity of the malformation.
      Management: Patients requiring long term coagulation, should substitute heparin for coumarin
      from the time pregnancy is diagnosed. [5], [6], [7]
      Patients withÝ known exposure to coumarin should have a targeted ultrasound evaluation.

      [1] Iturbe-Alessio I, Fonseca MDC, Mutchinik O, Santos MA, Zajarias A, Salazar E. Risks of
      anticoagulant therapy in pregnant women with artificial heart valves. N Engl JMed 1986; 315:1390-3

      Ý [2] Hall JG, Pauli RM, Wilson KM. Maternal and fetal sequelae of anticoagulation during pregnancy. Am J Med

      Ý [3] Harrod MJE, Sherrod PS. Warfarin embryopathy in siblings. Obstet Gynecol 1981;57:673-6
      Ý [4] Kaplan LC, Anderson GG, Ring BA. Congenital hydrocephalus and Dandy-Walker malformation
      associated with warfarin use during pregnancy. Birth Defects 1982;18:79-83"

      Currently available via The Wayback Machine

      It had been at


    • The
      Prenatal Diagnosis of Congenital Anomalies


    • Fragrance chemicals, MOCI USA INC.

      "Procedures for supplying fragrance information promptly to dermatologists "

        ANNEX I
        List of the 26 fragrance ingredients proposed for labelling on cosmetic products in Europe
        CAS N¨É INCI name
        122-40-7 Amyl Cinnamal
        100-51-6 Benzyl Alcohol
        104-54-1 Cinnamyl Alcohol
        5392-40-5 Citral
        97-53-0 Eugenol
        107-75-5 Hydroxycitronellal
        97-54-1 Isoeugenol
        101-85-9 Amylcinnamyl Alcohol
        118-58-1 Benzyl Salicylate
        104-55-2 Cinnamal
        91-64-5 Coumarin
        106-24-1 Geraniol
        31906-04-4 Hydroxyisohexyl 3-Cyclohexene Carboxaldehyde
        105-13-5 Anise Alcohol
        103-41-3 Benzyl Cinnamate
        4602-84-0 Farnesol
        80-54-6 Butylphenyl Methylpropional
        78-70-6 Linalool
        120-51-4 Benzyl Benzoate
        106-22-9 Citronellol
        101-86-0 Hexyl Cinnamal
        5989-27-5 Limonene
        111-12-6 Methyl 2-Octynoate
        127-51-5 Alpha Isomethyl Ionone
        90028-68-5 Evernia Prunastri (Oakmoss) Extract
        90028-67-5 Evernia Furfuracea (Treemoss) Extract


    • INDOFINE Chemical Company, Inc

      International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Summaries & Evaluations
      COUMARIN (Group 3)

      Maternal and fetal sequelae of anticoagulation during pregnancy.
      Hall JG, Pauli RM, Wilson KM.
      "Review of published cases of pregnancies in which coumarin derivatives or heparin
      were administered demonstrates that use of either class of anticoagulant carries
      substantial risks. ..."
      What I'd like to know is: Does anyone, anywhere, think of the coumarin used in fragrances?
      If so, has anyone conducted tests to see what might be the fetal effects of courmarin, which is a
      commonly used fragrance chemical? -- barb


    • Merck
      Scroll down to Anticoagulants, where it talks about Coumarins, which can cross the placental
      barrier . . . and fetuses are highly sensitive to Coumarins. So I ask: Why are pregnant women
      not adequately informed about Coumarins, which are commonly used in fragrances? -- barb


    • MSDS ... just one


    • Nielsen-Massey Vanillas, Inc
      Q: Why do people say Mexican vanilla is bad or dangerous?
      A: Mexico has no truth in labeling regulations or any organization like our FDA.
      Many times the vanilla will contain artificial flavors or enhancers, such as Coumarin,
      which is carcinogenic product that has been outlawed by the FDA for the last 30 to
      40 years. If manufactured correctly, under the proper guidelines, it is considered to
      be a high quality vanilla.


    • Oral anticoagulants -- Coumarin



    • Prop 65 (California's)
      Chemical of the Month -- Carcinogen Candidate Profile: Coumarin
      By Sharan Campleman, MS, MPH
      University of California at Berkeley, School of Public Health


    • Protect Babies


    • PubMed


      • Coumarin metabolism, toxicity and carcinogenicity:
        relevance for human risk assessment.

        Lake BG.
        BIBRA International, Carshalton, Surrey, UK.
        The metabolism, toxicity and results of tests for carcinogenicity have been
        reviewed with respect to the safety for humans of coumarin present in
        foodstuffs and from fragrance use in cosmetic products. Coumarin is a
        natural product which exhibits marked species differences in both metabolism
        and toxicity. The majority of tests for mutagenic and genotoxic potential
        suggest that coumarin is not a genotoxic agent. ...
        "... The mechanism of coumarin-induced tumour formation in rodents is
        associated with metabolism-mediated, toxicity and it is concluded that
        exposure to coumarin from food and/or cosmetic products poses no
        health risk to humans."
        So, fragrance users are supposedly safe from carcinogenic effects, BUT have possible effects
        upon developing embryos and fetuses been studied? -- barb


      • J AOAC Int. 2001 May-Jun;84(3):689-92. Related Articles, Links Determination of coumarin in fragrance products by capillary gas chromatography
        with electron capture detection.

        Wisneski HH.
        US Food and Drug Administration, Washington, DC 20204, USA.
        "A gas chromatographic (GC) method is described for the determination of coumarin
        in fragrance products. Coumarin was tentatively identified by retention time and
        confirmed by GC/mass spectrometry. The amount of coumarin was determined by
        external standard. The method was validated by conducting recovery studies from
        fortified fragrance products at several concentrations. Recoveries of coumarin ranged
        from 99 to 110%, with a relative standard deviation of 3.24. The method was used to
        survey a variety of fragrance products purchased in the metropolitan Washington, DC
        area, for coumarin. Seventy one percent of the products were found to contain coumarin
        at concentrations ranging from 0.002 to 0.61%."


      • 1: Contact Dermatitis. 2002 Aug;47(2):78-85.
        Further important sensitizers in patients sensitive to fragrances.
        Frosch PJ, Johansen JD, Menne T, Pirker C, Rastogi SC, Andersen KE,

        Bruze M, Goossens A, Lepoittevin JP, White IR.
        Department of Dermatology, Klinikum Dortmund gGmbH and University of
        Witten/Herdecke, Dortmund, Germany.


      • Thromb Haemost. 2001 Apr;85(4):609-13.
        Coumarins during pregnancy: long-term effects on growth and development of
        school-age children.

        Wesseling J, Van Driel D, Heymans HS, Rosendaal FR, Geven-Boere LM,
        Smrkovsky M, Touwen BC, Sauer PJ, Vander Veer E.
        Department of Paediatrics, Beatrix Children's Hospital, University Hospital Groningen,
        The Netherlands.


      • Optimization of an exogenous metabolic activation system for FETAX. I.
        Post-isolation rat liver microsome mixtures.

        Fort DJ, Rogers RL, Stover EL, Finch RA.
        Fort Environmental Laboratories, Inc., Stillwater, OK, USA. -- forts1 at


      • Percutaneous absorption and metabolism of Coumarin in human and rat skin.
        Yourick JJ, Bronaugh RL.
        Cosmetics Toxicology Branch, US Food and Drug Administration, Laurel, MD 20708, USA. PubMed
        "Coumarin is widely used as a fragrance in cosmetics, perfumes and soaps. The food and
        Drug Administration banned coumarin use in food because of reports that coumarin
        produced hepatotoxicity in rodents. Concerns about coumarin's safety have also been
        raised by toxicity testing conducted by the National Toxicology Program. Therefore, we
        initiated studies to measure the extent of coumarin absorption and metabolism in skin. ...
        These studies indicate that coumarin absorption is significant in skin. Systemic coumarin
        absorption must be expected after dermal contact with coumarin-containing products.
           PMID: 9250536 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

        Expert Opin Drug Saf. 2004 Mar;3(2):113-8.
        The safety of antithrombotic therapy during pregnancy.
        Ageno W, Crotti S, Turpie AG.
        Department of Internal Medicine, UO Medicina I, Ospedale di Circolo, Varese, Italy.
        "...Warfarin, as well as the other coumarin compounds, crosses the placenta and has the
        potential to cause both bleeding in the fetus and teratogenicity, therefore its use is
        not recommended during the first trimester and during the perinatal period. ..."
        So, folks, what about coumarin in perfume and other scented products. Coumarin is a commonly
        used chemical in the manufacture of fragrances! -- barb


      • Zentralbl Gynakol 1987;109(6):364-8
        [Teratogenic effect of coumarins] [Article in German]
        Zipprich K, Canzler E, Hundsdorfer S.
        "Coumarins administered in early pregnancy can cause malformations. ..."
        I've asked it before and I'll ask it again: Why do our experts, who respond with the one-word
        non-explanation explanation, 'UNEXPLAINED,' not look to the using, wearing, absorbing
        and inhaling of synthetic fragrances. Coumarin is a common ingredient. -- barb


      • 1: Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 1981 May 2;125(18):702-6
        [Teratogenic effect of coumarin derivatives] [Article in Dutch]
        Weenink GH, van Dijk-Wierda CA, Meyboom RH, Koppe JG, Staalman CR, Treffers PE.
        PMID: 7231584 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


      • 1: Contact Dermatitis 1999 Apr;40(4):196-9 Identification of coumarin as the sensitizer in a patient sensitive to her own
        perfume but negative to the fragrance mix.
        Mutterer V, Gimenez Arnau E, Lepoittevin JP, Johansen JD, Frosch PJ, Menne T,
        Andersen KE, Bruze M, Rastogi SC, White IR.
        Laboratoire de Dermatochimie, Universite Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg, France.
        " The aim of this study was to identify the chemicals responsible for the sensitivity of
        a 44-year-old woman to her own perfume, but showing negative patch test results to
        the fragrance mix. For this purpose, the perfume concentrate from the eau de toilette
        was chemically fractionated. Each fraction obtained was afterwards tested on the patient
        using a ROAT and/or a patch test. Only 1 fraction gave a positive ROAT result. This
        fraction was analyzed and found to contain coumarin and ethyl vanillin. Coumarin,
        one of the most widely used fragrance compounds that is not present in the
        fragrance mix, was confirmed as being the sensitizer."
        PMID: 10208506 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


    • The Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances
      NIOSH - National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
      Coumarin; RTECS #: GN4200000; CAS #: 91-64-5

      Development of a Physiologically-Based Pharmacokinetic (PB-PK) Model and Human Health Risk Assessment for Coumarin.
      H. Clewell and R. Gentry, The K.S. Crump Group, Inc., ICF Kaiser, Ruston, LA; and J. Gearhart, S. Born, and
      L. Lehman-McKeeman, The Procter and Gamble Co., Cincinnati, OH
      Risk World
      Society for Risk Analysis 1999 Annual Meeting
      "Coumarin, a fragrance ingredient, is a mouse lung and rat liver toxicant. ..."


    • Tobacco Control Archives - Coumarin


    • Veterinary Pathology
      Brodifacoum Toxicosis in Two Neonatal Puppies
      J. S. Munday and L. J. Thompson
      We are still talking coumarin, folks. What about coumarin in scented products for dogs AND people. Coumarin quickly enters the body. Let's do some research on fragrances! -- barb
      "Eight out of a litter of 13 puppies were either born dead or died within 48 hours of birth. Three puppies that died shortly after birth were necropsied. Two puppies had hemorrhage in the thoracic and peritoneal cavities, intestinal serosa, and meninges. The third puppy was smaller than the other two puppies but did not have detectable hemorrhage. Brodifacoum, a second-generation coumarin anticoagulant, was detected in livers from the two puppies with hemorrhage. The dam did not have clinical signs of coagulopathy before or subsequent to whelping. The owners were confident that the dog had not been exposed to rodenticide for at least 4 weeks before whelping. A presumptive diagnosis of in utero brodifacoum toxicity was made. To the authors' knowledge this is the first time a second-generation coumarin anticoagulant has been detected in the liver of a newborn animal. This case is also unique because the dam was unaffected, suggesting that fetuses are more susceptible to brodifacoum toxicity than adult animals.


    -- end Coumarin Information --

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      The Back-to-Sleep program may be saving babies lives, but it is creating flat-head babies
      who do not at first properly develop upper body musculature. Why not use safer, fragrance-free
      products, and make sure your baby has some tummy-time, at least during his/her wakeful
      periods? What you think smells "good" to you, is actually volatilizing harmful chemicals. Fragrance
      concoctions consist of chemicals that are known and suspected carcinogens, hormone disrupters,
      irritants (defined as POISON in my Oxford Dictionary), neurotoxins, sensitizers and teratogens.
      That's a heady brew for an unregulated industry to be unleashing upon an unsuspecting public.-- barb

      For information on fragrance chemicals, found by analysis, see:

      FDA Petition, Docket Number 99P - 1340

      For safer products, see:


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    disincentive that works great for me. -- barb

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    The Environmental Health Network (EHN) [of California] is a 501 (c) (3) non profit agency and offers support and information for the chemically injured. Fragrances are chemical irritants, learn from the work of Julia Kendall and Betty Bridges, RN, get The BEST of the Reactor, join EHN and receive The New Reactor. See what influence the Chemical Manufacturers have had against those of us with EI. The URL for this page is