Barb Wilkie's EHN Website
Last updated 2008

EHN Board President Barb Wilkie was very ill from chemically-induced kidney disease for several years. She passed away May 31, 2011. EHN presents this site both as a tribute and as valuable information. Many links and references will be out of date but Barb's research holds up over time. We will be transferring the site page by page, with updated details, to EHN's main site. If you would like to reach an EHN staff person, please contact us directly.



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Iatrogenic | IMMUNE | Immunological | In Harm's Way | Incense | Incinerators

Independent Living | Indoor Air | Inerts | Informed Choices | Inhalants | Inns | Insects

Institute | Insurance | Integrity | International | Inventions | INVIRONMENT

IOM | IPM | Irradiated | Irritable Bowel | Irritants

EHN does not endorse any product, service, or therapy and none is intended or implied.
We bring you this information as a service.
Outbound to Government LINKS



  • I.B.M.

    I Can Breathe!
    Air Filter Face Masks by Adrien Bledstein


    Iatrogenic - Iatrogenesis
      I cannot help but wonder: When will allopathic medicine begin to see a correlation between
      the ubiquitousness of synthetically scented products and various diseases? Of course, scented
      products include pesticides and disinfectants, which are classified as pesticides by the US EPA.
      Once that is realized, maybe there won't be so many misdiagnoses, followed by prescriptions
      for medicine that can make one more ill or that can maime or kill. How many Iatrogenic illnesses
      and deaths are the result of the medical industry not recognizing the superfluous toxins in our
      commonly used consumer products, including over the counter and prescribed medicines?
      Spare me artificially scented and flavored pharmaceuticals. -- barb

      Also see EHN's section on Nosocomial Infections

      by Leonard G Horowitz, DMD; Walter Kyle, JD; and Alan R Cantwell, Jr., MD


    • ACQUIRED IATROGENIC DEATH SYNDROME (AIDS) - Pneumonias & Lung Diseases
      By Heinrich Kremer; Continuum Nov./Dec. 1996


    • Allopathic Medicine and Adverse Outcomes:
      The Iatrogenic Problems Continue

      by John Raymond Baker,DC


    • The American Iatrogenic Association
      "[AIA] is devoted to the study and reporting of illness caused by the medical profession,
      especially by physicians. Despite the rare public discussion of iatrogenic illness, it is a
      significant cause of disease and death for Americans. ..."


    • Enough Health Statistics to Make You Sick
      Editorial - Dan Ward


    • Gary Null's Natural Living
      • ASTHMA
        Asthma rates increase, smoking decreases, drug use increases but doesn't imrpove health, in
        fact, often has deleterious effects. All this and more from this site. I've an idea! Try eliminating
        the use of synthetic scents, then see if your asthma -- or your children's asthma -- improves. -- barb


      • Errors
        "To Err Is Human: Building A Safer Health System"
        Kohn L., Corrigan J., and Donaldson M., Editors; Committee on Quality of Health Care in America, Institute of Medicine. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) committee released a report on November 29, 1999 on medical errors in U.S. hospitals. A medical error was defined as "the failure to complete a planned action as intended or the use of a wrong plan to achieve an aim". The report presented the results from two large studies revealing that medical errors occurring in the hospital kill an estimated 44,000 (based on one study) or 98,000 (based on the second study) Americans each year. These estimates do not include errors that may arise in settings other than the hospital such as outpatient clinics, retail pharmacies, nursing homes, home care, and day-surgery clinics. Even considering only the most conservative figure (44,000 deaths per year), medical errors would be the eight leading cause of death, killing more people than breast cancer, AIDS or traffic accidents. The yearly cost resulting from such errors has been estimated at approximately $9 billion. Many of these errors are avoidable, and the IOM called for a 50% reduction in errors over the next 5 years. According to the report, systems designed to ensure public safety are over a decade behind in the health care industry compared to other high-risk industries.


    • Hazards of Modern Medicine
      Read this! -- barb


    • Hospital Admissions Due to Doctor Caused Disease Still High


    • Iatrogenic


    • Iatrogenic


    • Iatrogenic Disease


    • Iatrogenic Disease
      ©1999 Dr.Harvey / New Life Chiropractic Clinic


    • Iatrogenic diseases endanger hospital patients
      by Mai Ngo; Spring 1996 Edition; Berkeley Medical Journal


    • Iatrogenic Illness: The Downside of Modern Medicine
      A White Paper by Gary Null, PhD & Debora Rasio, MD - Copyright, 2000


    • Iatrogenesis
      From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
      "Iatrogenesis literally means "brought forth by a healer" (iatros means healer in Greek);
      as such, it can refer to good or bad effects, but it is almost exclusively used to refer
      to a state of ill health or adverse effect or complication caused by or resulting from
      medical treatment. From a sociological point of view there are three types of iatrogenesis:
      clinical iatrogenesis, social iatrogenesis, and cultural iatrogenesis. While iatrogenesis is
      most often used to refer to the harmful consequences of actions by physicians, it can
      equally be the result of actions by other medical professionals, such as psychologists,
      therapists, pharmacists, nurses, dentists. etc. Further, iatrogenic illness or death is not
      restricted to Western medicine: alternative medicine (sometimes referred to as
      complementary medicine) may be considered an equal source of iatrogenesis for the
      same reasons."
      A sudden thought: Our MCS events are really iatrogenic illnesses when they are caused by our
      healthcare facilities and care givers, be they doctors, nurses, phlebotomists or technicians. -- barb


    • Just What Is An Iatrogenic Event Or Complication In Medical Care?


    • Medications and Myasthenia Gravis
      (A Reference for Health Care Professionals)
      Copyright © 2000 by Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America.


    • New York Times
      Reactions to Prescribed Drugs Kill Thousands Annually, Study Finds
      By DENISE GRADY; Wednesday, April 15, 1998


    • Pneumothorax, Iatrogenic, Spontaneous and Pneumomediastinum


    • Treatment of Iatrogenic Disease and Vaccinosis
      © David Little 1998


    • What Is Iatrogenesis?
      Some interesting statistics from many sources, including The Journal of the American
      Medical Association
      "... Some 225,000 U S Citizens die each year from 'reported' Iatrogenesis conditions. It is
      estimated that these numbers only represent a small fraction of such incidents, as to
      do otherwise would be embarrassing and potentially devastating in our present
      litigious society. ..."


    IIPP (Injury and Illness Prevention Program -- OSHA)

    Valerie Igl, MFCC

    Immunological Illnesses and Support

    The American Association of Immunologists

    IMMUNE (Cyndi Norman)
    Immune Support -- Health Watch

    Immune System Enhancement

    Immune System and Parkinson's, ChronicIllnet

    Immune Therapy Research Laboratory
    Said Youdim, PhD
    1640 Bentley Avenue #3
    Los Angeles, CA 90025 Phone/Fax: 310.914.5191


    Immunology Medical Associates - CLOSED

    Dr. Brenneman has retired

    Dr. Brenneman's papers, posted with permission, are available at

    • EPD Study Office
      "This site provides information for patients, physicians, and administrators involved
      with Enzyme Potentiated Desensitization (EPD) immunotherapy."


    R.E.S.I.C.I.N.D. (Repeal Existing Stereotypes about Chronic, Immunological and Neurological Diseases)

    See EHN's MCS Outbound Links at:

  • Improved Productivity and Health from Better Indoor Environments
    "Recently completed analyses suggest that improving buildings and indoor environments
    could reduce health-care costs and sick leave and increase worker performance, resulting
    in an estimated productivity gain of $30 to $150 billion annually. "
    CBS Newsletter; Summer 1997; pg. 5
    Now if this doesn't speak volumes on WHY you should start a truly clean cleaning policy,
    I don't know what will. Available through The WayBack Machine. -- barb

    In Harm's Way - Toxic Threats to Child Development

      Facts of Concern:
      Fact: According to U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 17% of
      children under 18 in the U.S. have one or more developmental disabilities.

      Fact: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is considered a
      common syndrome that affects 3-6% of all school children. Ongoing studies suggest
      the incidence may be much higher.

      Fact: Some commonly used pesticides cause lifelong hyperactivity in
      rodents exposed to a single small amount on a critical day of brain development.

      Fact: Fetal mercury exposure may impair learning, memory, and
      attention in children as they grow older.

      Fact: IQ deficits in adolescent children are linked to fetal PCB exposure.

      Fact: Studies suggest there are both genetic and environmental components
      to autism.




      World Health Orgnization ; Geneva, 1987


    Incineration - Incinerators
    Also see EHN's section on Medical Waste

    Independent Living (see Institute on Independent Living)

    Also see EHN's Centers for Indpendent Living

    Independent Living Resource Center San Francisco
    "Independence and Choice for people with Disabilities"

    Independent Media Center (IMC)


    Indoor Air Pollution (IAP) . . . fragrance style
    Now, the fragrance industry will be quick to tell all and sundry that it is "unfair" to pin air pollution problems on perfumes and perfumed products. They are then quick to point out that there are ink white out products, toner from copiers, exhaust, goodness knows what all. And that is true. But what they fail to tell you is that the fragrance industry has worked hard to make fragrances ubiquitous. They have succeeded. Their bottom line shows it. And, maybe so does the correlation with burgeoning rates of various chronic health problems, which the medical industry claims are UNEXPLAINED . . . while not giving even a glance to the role that may be played by fragrances.

    I contend that it is blantantly UNFAIR to ignore the role played by these unknown combinations of inadequately tested chemicals used in a wide variety of products for personal care as well as cleaning and maintenance projects, which are released to market without substantiation of safety. How is it that the powers that be, whether they be officicials with the government agencies charged with protecting public health, or health care administrators, doctors, managers, or school administrators . . . you get the idea . . . How is it that people in power can support the use of superfluous toxins over a person's request to breathe cleaner air? -- barb

    Indoor Air Quality (IAQ)

    Cleaner Air passed!

    Special thanks to Michael Mankin, Chief, Office of Access
    Compliance, California Division of the State Architect;
    Elizabeth Randolph and Linda Huber, DSA staff;
    and Jim Abrams, California Hotel and Lodging Association.

    Also see Air on EHN's General Links, page A / Air


    (secret ingredients in pesticides)

    Also see section on Inerts under EHN's info on Pesticides


    Infectious Diseases
    Information Resources


    Informed Choices
    "The Dangers of Pesticides"
    "Wetlands & the Game of Golf"
    "The website was created for sharing our story and other victim's stories and for educating the
    general public on the hazards of pesticide or chemical use. Please visit the Links Page as it contains a
    wealth of resource information on the environmental and health effects from "ALL" use of pesticides or other toxic chemicals and on what is wrong with the system.



    Dr. Elaine Ingham
    Also see EHN's page S, Soil


    • Dr. Ingham ...
      "...President of Soil Foodweb Inc. and a professor at Oregon State University.
      Dr. Ingham earned her B.S. with honors in Biology and Chemistry from St. Olaf College
      in Northfield, MN. Her Master's degree was performed at Texas A&M University,
      in the area of Marine Microbiology.


    • Dr. Ingham Puts Soil Life to Work
      By Peter Downs


    • Soil Ecology Seminar - Oregon State University
      "Seminer over and everyone was very happy they came . If you ever get a chance to
      hear Dr. Elaine Ingham go!"



    Injured Workers
    See EHN's Hotels

    Insect control
    Also see EHN's " 'Pest' Mgt. & Pesticide Info"

    Steve Tvedten's CD, The Best Control
    If you purchase Steve's CD through this link, you help EHN. -- barb

    Insect Repellents
    Suggestions from barb, with caution in mind:

    1. Don't use sun screens with insect repellents in them because you apply sun screen
      more frequently than is good for applying insect repellents. Read labels very carefully.

    2. Avoid all repellents containing DEET -- especially if pregnant or nursing. - personal opinion of barb.


      • A Bug's Life
        by Hollie Blair, RPh
        Certified Specialist in Poison Information - Central Texas Poison Center
        "Be sure to bathe or wash skin immediately after coming inside,
        to avoid prolonged contact with skin."
        That line should clue you in! My advice? Avoid DEET, use herbal products. -- barb



        ... "If used sparingly, infrequently and by itself, DEET may not have negative effects -
        the literature here isn't clear," he said. "But frequent and heavy use of DEET, especially
        in combination with other chemicals or medications, could cause brain deficits in
        vulnerable populations." ...


      • Skin Delivery -- Topical actives - DEET Insect Repellent


      • Some Insect Repellents May Damage Brain
        Research: Prolonged Exposure Killed Brain Cells In Rats

        POSTED: 10:43 a.m. EDT May 2, 2002;
        Caution on prolonged use of products containingDEET . -- barb


    3. Safer insect repellent alternatives:
      Some suggestions for alternatives only, EHN and I make no recommendations. -- barb
    Insecticide Dispenser Units


    • Institute for Environmental Toxicology
      • Toxicology Concepts and Information on Specific Chemicals

        Michigan State University

        ". . . Once a chemical is absorbed into the bloodstream, it can have several different
        fates. In many cases, it is rapidly removed from the body through the urine or feces.
        In other situations, it may be stored in various parts of the body, such as fat or bone,
        and remain in the individual for many years. A compound may also lead to a toxic effect
        through interaction with certain organs or tissues in the individual or with other
        compounds in the body. Often, a substance which is absorbed into the body interacts
        with particular body chemicals and is changed into one or more other chemicals. This
        process is called metabolism and the products are called metabolites. Metabolism may
        lead to products which are easier for the body to excrete and so can protect the body
        from possible adverse effects. In other cases, however, the metabolites may be more
        toxic than the original chemical which was absorbed. The variety of products resulting
        from metabolism may have the same possible fates as the original chemical -- storage,
        excretion or toxicity. . . ."


      • IET News


        Written by the University of California at Davis
        revised at Michigan State University, 22 April 1996


      • Toxicology Concepts and Information on Specific Chemicals


    • Institute on Independent Living

      Also see EHN's Centers for Indpendent Living


    • Institute on Independent Living


      • Accessible Vacation Home Exchange
        The Accessible Vacation Home Exchange assists people with disabilities
        in exchanging homes for vacations. Participants fill out an online form
        describing their home or apartment, its accessibility features, points
        of interest in the area and how to get around in town. The database is
        searcheable by country, city and other keywords. Prospective exchange
        partners contact each other by email and share detailed information
        before reaching an agreement.

      • Assistant Referral
        The Assistant Referral helps people with extensive disabilities find
        personal assistants in their hometown or other parts of the world which
        they plan to visit. On online forms job seeking assistants describe
        themselves and assistance users state their requirements. Both groups
        can search the Referral¥s database by city, country and other keywords
        to find a prospective employer/employee for a first email contact.

      • Disability Organizations Network
        DisOrgNet facilitates networking among organizations in the disability
        field) for joint projects, events, sharing resource persons for lectures,
        training or technical assistance, for study visits, internships or
        funding. Participating organizations both of and for persons with
        disabilities fill out an online form describing their philosophy,
        activities, areas of interest and resources. The resulting database is
        searcheable by many keywords.

      • Independent Living Virtual Library
        Our Library contains a growing number of documents, articles, training
        manuals, reports on such Independent Living issues as personal
        assistance, accessibility, advocacy, legislation, sexuality, family,
        disabled women¥s issues and more. Search by keyword or browse.

      • Free Internet Publishing
        The Institute on Independent Living publishes, free of charge, your
        articles, reports, personal accounts, research monographs or conference
        proceedings on such Independent Living issues as personal assistance,
        advocacy, accessibility, legislation and peer support. Send us materials
        by email, diskette or paper copy.

      • Marin's First Annual Independence Forum
        "There's No Place Like Home"


      • More free services for our visitors are in preparation. Visit the
        Institute on Independent Living from time to time at

    • Institute of Medicine (IOM)(an arm of NAS)

      "Study Finds Strong Evidence That Exposure to Some Indoor Substances Can Lead to or Worsen Asthma"

      "... For biologic or chemical contaminants that could worsen asthma
      symptoms, limited or suggestive evidence exists regarding
      exposure to material shed by domestic birds; certain types of
      pneumonia and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV); secondhand tobacco
      smoke in older children and adults; formaldehyde fumes from
      furniture and building materials; and fragrances in personal
      care and household products
      [emphasis added, bw]. The committee
      found limited evidence of an association between the development
      of asthma in infants and their exposure to RSV and material shed
      by cockroaches. ..."

    • Institute for Molecular Medicine



    Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

    See EHN's new page: Pest Management, Pesticide Information and Pests

    Integrity in Science
    A CPSI Project


    The Interagency Workgroup on Multiple Chemical Sensitivity (MCS)

    Interested in finding MCS organizations from around the world? Go to MCS Links, International

    • News Index

      • Less Respiratory Impact From Fragrances
        Wouldn't it be just ducky, if in reality, we were subjected to only one fragrance
        at a time for only 20 minutes at a time AND then had our area "flushed with filtered air."
        Come on!, Tulane. You can do better than that. -- barb
        Current news:
        • Readers Feedback
          Letter by Barb Wilkie
          April 2, 2001
          Dear Editor:
          Recent unwanted exposures to synthetic fragrances reminded me of an article in
          INVIRONMENT, August 2000, „Less Respiratory Impact From Fragrances.¾ Tulane¼s
          testing does not reflect reality. Had I been exposed to a synthetic scent in an inhalation
          chamber for only 20 minutes and then had the luxury of having the chamber „flushed¾
          with filtered air, I know I would not have acquired Multiple Chemical Sensitivity (MCS). ...


    • Agreement Reached to Eliminate Dursban Pesticide

    • Cockroach Allergen Tough to Eliminate
      True as that may be, I wonder if people are really set up for reactions because of the
      highly scented products they use for cleaning. Has anyone studied cleaning up after
      cockroaches without using highly scented pesticides and cleaning products? -- barb

    • House Dust May Help Protect Infants From Asthma
      Ahhhhh, a story I can get behind. I've never been, nor ever will be, a fanatical house
      cleaner. Our kids were actually quite healthy ... even though one of them developed asthma
      at age 6.5 yrs after we moved to the west coast. That improved once we found a pipe
      leak and fixed it and removed the mold it had caused to grow between floors. That and
      as long as she stayed away from a blanket she really had loved and wanted... And to
      think, in those days, some of the medical industry in all of its wisdom was saying "asthma
      is psychological!" By the way, this child as an adult has dreadful skin reactions (eczema)
      and rather severe headaches to airborne fragrance contact. But, I wonder if the homes
      with house dust also are likely to be homes without a lot of highly-scented cleaning
      products? I haven't ever used highly scented cleaning products. Our kids did not have
      the seeimingly typical infant ear aches and ear infections. -- barb

    "YOU DON'T SEE PEOPLE with chemical sensitivities in the hardware store, ..."
    ©1998 S.C. Rowat; Draft 3 (1997)

    Also see other works of S.C. Rowat on EHN's page R, Rowat


    Invisible Disabilities Association of Canada
    With links to info on EI/MCS, FM, EM, CFIDS, etc. -- barb

    Invisible Disabilities Page, The

    NO. PALM BEACH, FL 33408-5123

    Irradiated Food

    Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
  • Crohn's Disease - Ulcerative Colitis - Inflammatory Bowel Disease


  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Self Help Group

    When you read "chemical irritants" think FRAGRANCES in your personal care, and in
    your househould and janitorial cleaning and maintentance products. Remember, pesticides are
    scented so you don't object to inhaling those toxic products. You are only allowed to
    learn of a couple of the toxins in those products. The others are hidden by the misleading
    word "inert" and, of course, in the synthetic fragrances. The health you save may be
    your own, or that of your children or pets! To learn more about inerts, visit -- barb


    • ALA: Common Lung Hazards

    • Britannica

    • Essential Oils
      See Aromatherapy

    • Fragrances are "chemical irritants" and "sensitizers"
      Inform your healthcare practitioners!, your school administration, your workplace management
      . . . OSHA! See OSHA's info on MCS . . . from a worker's viewpoint that is INCONCEIVABLE. -- barb

        Definition [IRRITANT]
      • An irritant is defined by the Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA)
        according to Appendix A as: a chemical, which is not corrosive, but which causes a
        reversible inflammatory effect on living tissue by chemical action at the site of contact. A
        chemical is a skin irritant if, when tested on the intact skin of albino rabbits by the
        methods of 16 CFR 1500.41 for four hours exposure or by other appropriate techniques,
        it results in an empirical score of five or more. A chemical is an eye irritant if so
        determined under the procedure listed in 16 CFR 1500.42 or other appropriate


      • A more general definition is a substance which on immediate, prolonged, or
        repeated contact with normal living tissue will induce a local inflammatory reaction. Definition [SENSITIZER]
      • A sensitizer is defined by OSHA as "a chemical that causes a substantial proportion
        of exposed people or animals to develop an allergic reaction in normal tissue after
        repeated exposure to the chemical."

      • The condition of being sensitized to a chemical is also called chemical hypersensitivity.

        Experiencing an Adverse Immune Response
        Chemicals and Adverse Immune Response
        Theresa L. Pedersen, UCD EXTOXNET FAQ Team. August 1997.


    • "Occupational Respiratory Diseases: Your Workplace and Your Lungs"
    ISOCYANATES, Health Effects of
    From: Preventing Asthma and Death from Diisocyanate Exposure
    (Irritation, Sensitization and Asthma, Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis, Cancer)

    To top of page.

    Ecology House Please respect the residents and their requests by following the instructions provided on our Ecology House page.

    EHN's homepage ehnindex.htm

    Fabric Softeners = Health Risks From Dryer Exhaust and Treated Fabrics

    Government WWW LINKS

    The New Reactor

    Twenty Most Common Chemicals Found in Thirty-One Fragrance Products

    In progress -- it may be slow but it is steady. Please bear with us. Thank you.

    The Environmental Health Network (EHN) [of California] is a 501 (c) (3) non profit agency and offers support and information for the chemically injured. Fragrances are chemical irritants, learn from the work of Julia Kendall and Betty Bridges, RN, get The BEST of the Reactor, join EHN and receive The New Reactor. See what influence the Chemical Manufacturers have had against those of us with EI. The URL for this page is