Barb Wilkie's EHN Website
Last updated 2008

EHN Board President Barb Wilkie was very ill from chemically-induced kidney disease for several years. She passed away May 31, 2011. EHN presents this site both as a tribute and as valuable information. Many links and references will be out of date but Barb's research holds up over time. We will be transferring the site page by page, with updated details, to EHN's main site. If you would like to reach an EHN staff person, please contact us directly.



Clicking on the alpha character above will take you to another page of links.

Use the clickables below if you are in a hurry to get to the following topics:

SafetyAlerts | Saline Implants | Judith Sanderson | Dr. Saputo | SBS

SCAMS | Scent | "Scent Circle" | Scent Strips | School | Science | Scientific Method

Sea | Search | Sensitizers | Second Hand Reactions

Shaken Baby Syndrome | Shampoo | Dr. Janette Sherman | Shots

SIDS | Sierra Club | Silent Spring Inst | Silicone | Dr. Sinaiko | Sinusitis

Sjogren's Syndrome | Skin | SLAPP | SLS | Sludge | Smell | SMOG | Smoke-free

SNIFF | Soap | Soapworks | Soil | Solar | Solvents | Sonoma St U | " Sound Science"

Sperm | S.P.O.T. | Spritzing | SSI explained | Statistics |

Prof. Anne Steinemann | Stephanie's Access

Sterno | Carol Sterritt | Stop Cancer | Straw | Stress | Students | stumps R us

Dr. Tipu Sultan | Surgery | Sustainability | Sutro Tower | Swim | Symptoms of EI/MCS

Or, just scroll through ... there is much to learn, many sites to visit.


September 11, 2001 - The Toxic Aftermath
Facts and Protection for
Rescue Workers and Residents

Thanks to the efforts of Cyndi Norman. -- barb

World Trade Center Disaster
Alison Johnson's Chemical Sensitivity Foundation

EHN's September 11, 2001


While on vacation, I saw news items that EPA air quality tests showed no discernable levels of toxins in the plumes. I'd like to remind the world of the EPA's own words regarding air quality tests on indoor air: "Contaminant concentration levels rarely exceed existing standards and guidelines ..." (

It won't be too long into the future but what we start learning of the chemical injuries suffered by the firefighters, police, the public as a result of being misled by the EPA. And when we start hearing of their chemical poisonings, we will also learn that they cannot stand being around modern fragrance products. Makes perfect sense to the perspicacious among us: Modern scents are concocted using inadequately tested petrochemical derivatives. What is our assurance that these products are "throughly tested" before marketing? The industry's very own sayso! There is no government oversight; there is government OVERL@@K.

See EHN's FDA Petition 99P-1340 . . . Perfume analyses, complementary information and FDA petition contact information are provided for your perusal. Write today, to the FDA.

Remember the adage: "An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure." -- barb


S.A.D (Seasonal Affective Disorder)
S.A.F.E. Smokefree Air For Everyone


Safe 2 Use -- See Jen-Par Enterprises
Environmental and People Safe Products

  • Safe Solutions, Inc. - Non-Toxic Lice and Nit Shampoo
    Lice R Gone®
    "Faster, Easier, Safer, More Economical, FDA Registered U.S. Patent Protected Process"
    Safely treat the entire family with one bottle! - Over 16 shampoos.
    Lice and Nits can be removed in 10 minutes. No pesticides. No chemicals.


    "[S]afe and wholesome fragrances and fragrance ingredients"
    Fragrance Materials Association of the United States


      Frankly, I don't know how the fragrance industry defines safe or wholesome, but according to my American Heritage Dictionary the definitions are:
        1. Secure from danger, harm, or evil.
        2. Free from danger or injury; unhurt.
        3. Free from risk; sure.
        4. Affording protection.
        1. Conducive to sound health or well-being; salutary.
        2. Promoting mental, moral, or social health.
        3. Enjoying or marked by physical, mental, or moral soundness; healthy.

      Now see some excerpts from the National Academy of Science presentation before the 99th US Congress, way back in 1986, regarding the neurotoxicity of fragrance chemicals. Neurotoxins: At Home and the Workplace

    SAFE-HOMES - Environmental Consultants

    Safe Schools, Irene Ruth Wilkenfeld

    Safe Schools Summit (Safe of violence -- you may wish to campaign for safe air, as well)

    Safer Products
    I rely on baking soda, vinegar, club soda, salt, lemon juice, BonAmi, hydrogen peroxide,
    and, yes, good ol' sunshine. -- barb

  • SaferBuilding / SaferRemodeling -- Homes for sale or rent
    San Francisco Bay Area
    Website is new, under construction, but has photos of a rental property in San Rafael. -- barb 3/05


    Safer Travel Directory, The
    Travel Accommodation Guide for the Chemically Sensitive Person


  • Safer World
    (Languages: Danish, Deutsch, English, Espanol, Finnish,
    FranÁais, Italiano, nederland, Nihongo, Svenska)
    Recent News and Alerts

    The Army Link


  • Saint Louis - Best of the Best
    Starting point for St. Louis websites

    Saline Breast Implants
    Also see Silicone Breast Implants, below.


    • FDA Advisary Committee On Saline Filled Breast Implants -
      Hearings Of March 1-3, 2000

      P. Blais, INNOVAL, 496 Westminster Avenue, Ottawa, Ontario K2A 2V1 Canada


    • Statement of Jae Hong Lee, MD, MPH at the meeting of the
      General and Plastic Surgery Devices Panel,
      July 9, 2002
      "Two years after the FDA¼s controversial approval of saline breast implants, the FDA
      Advisory Committee on breast implants held an unusual meeting to review the latest
      research on implant complication rates on July 9, 2002.
      In 2000, saline breast implants were approved by the FDA despite a 70% rate of serious
      complications among breast cancer reconstruction patients during the first three
      years and 40% among augmentation patients. The Advisory Committee expressed
      strong concerns about the high complication rate but recommended approval on the
      condition that the manufacturers conduct long-term safety studies. ..."


    • Statement of Diana Zuckerman, Ph.D., President
      National Center for Policy Research for Women & Families

      At the July 9, 2002 Meeting of
      The FDA Advisory Committee on Saline Breast Implants


  • San Diego Earth Times
    Each month, San Diego Earth Times On-Line presents articles covering a wide variety of
    local, national and international environmental topics.


  • Judith Sanderson
    • ASSAULT BY SCENT! OR: Keeping Smelly Students at Bay
      Aired February 1, 1998 - 1:45 p.m. ET
      CNN EARTH MATTERS; Anne McDermott explains.
      Even from antagonists, we can gather information. In this case, a CNN interview
      is brought to us by FORCES - The Theatre of the Absurd -- barb


    • Citizens for A Safe Learning Environment
      "At Culver High School, Judy Sanderson, a chemically sensitive biology teacher, reported
      having been the victim of "fragrance assaults" by some of her students on more than
      90 occasions from 1993-1997. In November 1997, she won some precedent-setting
      accommodations after a collective bargaining agreement was issued by arbitrator, Ronald
      Hoh (California State Mediation and Conciliation Service Case # 96-3-740). In this
      landmark decision, student pranksters caught dousing the teacher or her classroom with
      fragrance-based products will be punished as they would be for any other physical
      assault on an instructor. And the school was directed to install oscillating surveillance
      cameras both inside and outside of Ms. Sanderson's classroom to deter students from
      engaging in further assaults. - Irene Wilkenfeld, Safe Schools.


    • Education Intelligence Agency
      January 19, 1998
      Near the bottom of the page. -- barb
    •  "Three thousand miles away, the Culver City Federation of Teachers (an AFT
      affiliate) is supporting the installation of video cameras in a teacher¼s classroom.
      The reason? They want to catch the students who have been assaulting her... by wearing
      perfume. Judith Sanderson has a severe chemical intolerance that is aggravated by
      fragrances. She alleged that students would deliberately spray her classroom with
      perfumes to harass her. The surveillance cameras are actually a compromise. Sanderson
      had demanded a security guard, a campus-wide ban on perfumes and colognes and
      the emptying of a 100-locker security zone around her classroom. The union stands
      behind Sanderson. 'If kids find out they can harass a teacher with impunity, they will,'
      said local president David Mielke."


    • Fragrant door - BLISTERED!


    • JAN -- Job Accommodation Network
      ADAM NEWSLETTER-Bureau of National Affairs
      July 9, 1998, Vol. 7, No. 13
      Vol. 7, No. 13 July 9, 1998
      Scroll to bottom to read:
      Teacher With Chemical Sensitivity

      "A school district is not required to institute a fragrance-free policy to accommodate a
      chemically sensitive high school teacher, nor is it required to station a security guard
      near her classroom door or discontinue the use of student lockers surrounding her
      classroom, a labor arbitrator decided (Culver City Unified School District and California
      Federation of Teachers, Arb. Ronald Hoh, CSMCS Case No. 96-3-740, 11/25/97).

      "Judith Sanderson, who has been diagnosed as 'chemically injured,' experiences nausea,
      feverishness, and chest pain when exposed to personal fragrance products such as
      perfume, hairspray, and scented body lotions. Severe exposure can result in a respiratory

      "The Culver City School District made several accommodations for Sanderson, including
      changing internal doors from wood to metal, not fumigating for termites, sealing
      vents and other openings between her classroom and adjoining rooms, altering the
      cleaning schedule and cleaning supplies used in her classroom, and purchasing an air
      purifier for her classroom.

      "Although the accommodations have helped Sanderson perform her job more efficiently,
      she testified that her exposure to fragrance 'assaults' --conscious actions by students
      in spraying cologne or perfume into her classroom, onto her door, or on other
      students in her classes--had continued.

      "Establishing a fragrance-free campus is not a reasonable remedy, arbitrator Ronald Hoh
      decided, noting that neither the ADA nor the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 would
      require such an action. A fragrance-free policy would be 'extremely difficult to enforce'
      and could raise potential Fourth Amendment issues regarding unreasonable search
      and seizure, he wrote.

      "Hoh acknowledged the 'extensive frustration' caused by the 'fragrance assaults,' which
      was 'due largely to difficulties in identifying suspects.' However, stationing a security
      guard near Sanderson's classroom between class periods and during lunch would
      impose an undue hardship on the district, he said, noting that the high school has only
      three full-time security guards for the entire campus and its 1,900 students.

      "But the installation of oscillating surveillance cameras in and outside Sanderson's
      classroom would 'effectively deter students from engaging in the vast majority of such
      'assaults,' ' Hoh decided, adding that the cost to the school district would be minimal.

      "Sanderson's request for discontinued use of the student lockers surrounding her
      classroom is unreasonable, Hoh ruled, given an existing shortage of lockers and high
      replacement costs. However, "because the source of [Sanderson's] concern is the students
      who occupy the lockers . . . I believe it is reasonable to allow [Sanderson] input on the
      subject of which students may occupy those lockers,' Hoh said. He ordered the district
      to allow Sanderson to compile a list of 'acceptable students,' who are 'aware of
      and concerned about' her condition, to occupy those lockers."
      OR, via the Wayback Machine


    • Some say a popular perfume is a health danger!! WSFA Ch 12

      Irene Ruth Wilkenfeld's Safe Schools
        Environmental Medicine
        "The following letter is eloquently written by Irene Wilkenfeld to the National
        Environmental Justice Advisory Council (NEJAC). It addresses many of the issues which
        confront those with Multiple Chemical Sensitivities (a.k.a. MCS or Environmental Illness)."


        by Irene Ruth Wilkenfeld; January 7, 1998
        "Judy Sanderson, chemically sensitive Culver City high school biology teacher who has
        taught at the school since 1970, and who has been the victim of 'fragrance assaults'
        by some of her students on more than 90 occasions (since 1993), has won some
        predecent-setting accommodations after a collective bargaining agreement was issued
        by arbitrator, Ronald Hoh, signed on November 25, 1997 (California State Mediation
        and Conciliation Service Case # 96-3-740). In a landmark decision by a state arbitrator
        released in late November, student pranksters caught dousing the teacher or her
        classroom with fragrance-based products will be punished as they would be for any
        other physical assault on an instructor. ... "
        Via the Wayback Machine:


      • Sick School Syndrome in the News
        Irene Wilkenfeld's Safe Schools site
        From: The Culver City Chronicle (CA) - December 17, 1997
        Via the Wayback Machine:


    • Woman wins over 'chemical terrorism'
      The Ragged Edge


    William Sanjour
  • San Francisco Preventive Medical Group
    Paul Lynn, M.D., Medical Director
    Joel Lopez, M.D., N.D., Associate Medical Director
    I'm being seen by Dr. Lopez in an effort to safely detox and hopefully spare my kidneys
    further stress. -- barb


    Dr. Saputo
    Health Medicine Forum
    Len Saputo, M.D. - Director HMF, 1776 Ygnacio Valley Rd, Suite 105
    Walnut Creek, CA 94598 Phone (925) 934-7311 - Fax (925) 937-9552
    E-mail --

    INDEPTH: SARS Robin Rowland, CBC News Online | May 23, 2003
    Contains Civet Cat info -- used to be a source of musk. Now they use synthetics. Great for the
    animals, but how about for 'fume users? Synthetic musks are found in breasts and mother's milk. -- barb

    Also see EHN's links out to info on Hoaxes and Viruses. -- barb
    Hoaxes -

    Viruses -


    • Consumer Information

      Anti-Phishing Working Group
      Info on Phishing and Pharming. -- barb


      • Excerpted from Anti-Phishing Working Group's home page. -- barb
        " What is Phishing and Pharming?
        "Phishing attacks use 'spoofed' e-mails and fraudulent websites designed to fool
        recipients into divulging personal financial data such as credit card numbers,
        account usernames and passwords, social security numbers, etc. Pharming uses
        the same kind of spoofed sites, but uses malware/spyware to redirect users from
        real websites to the fraudulent sites (typically DNS hijacking). By hijacking the
        trusted brands of well-known banks, online retailers and credit card companies,
        phishers are able to convince recipients to respond to them. ..."


      • Consumer Advice: How to Avoid Phishing Scams
        Excerpted from a long list of info. -- barb
        " ... Don't use the links in an email to get to any web page, if you suspect the message
        might not be authentic instead, call the company on the telephone, or log onto the
        website directly by typing in the Web adress [sic] in your browser ..."


      • Consumer Advice:
        What To Do If You've Given Out Your Personal Financial Information


    • Scam Alerts by DeLuca & DeLuca

    • ScamBusters

    • SCAMS: On the Net


    Also, see Fragrances at

    Also see Smell and Taste, below.

    Also see
    HOW and WHY to be SCENT-FREE



       Phthalates -- they are more than just plasticizers!


    "Scent Circle" is in quotes, folks, not only because it's the industry's term,
    but also because I believe it is preposterous. Sources: Fragrance Tips, USA
    and an ad by Canada's version of the Fragrance Foundation at
    By the bye, I first saw this Canadian ad in response to the efforts of Nova Scotia Allergy
    and Environmental Health Association (NSAEHA), Environmental Illness Society of
    Canada (EISC ), Fragrance Products Information Network, and MCS Referral and
    Resources in Halifax Nova Scotia. Our own friend, Betty Bridges, RN, was an invited
    speaker. For more on that June 20, 2000 press conference, please turn to EHN's page,

    Then there is the Scent Reduction Policies and the Workplace -
    Important Considerations
    site, which is part of the Canadian Cosmetic, Toiletry and
    Fragrance Association at

    And you'll have to trust me on this one, but the comments given here are the same ones
    the US industry gave when it sent out its troops to fight the idea of a REQUEST for
    fragrance-free attendance at civic meetings. The industry has been regurgitating the same
    info for years, and yet "body burden" studies are showing phthalates in blood . . . and
    phthalates are not found only in plastics or nail polish. Phthalates are a very important
    part of fragrance manufacture as its the phthalates that help give scent the lingring,
    lasting forever characteristic.

    The US states:

    Canada states: "Stay Inside Your Scent Circle
    "Everyone has a personal "scent circle" about an arm's length away from their body.
    Ask that employees modify their use of scent so that no one outside their "scent circle"
    is aware of it."
    Canadian Cosmetic. Toiletry and Fragrance Association

    Nov. 2005 . . . it's been a little while since I've visited this CCTFA site and it has changed.

    Health Canada's Cosmetics and Personal Care can be accessed at

    Ad : Common Scents About Scents
    Of course, it's a prevarication to say "Fragrance formulations do not contain toxic
    ingredients such as carcinogens or neurotoxins," which this ad states. But IF you don't inform
    yourself, you can sure be convinced that fragrances are safe for everyone. They are not! Fragrances
    are not substantiated for safety before marketing. Fragrances can adversely affect many people of
    all ages, races and genders. Fragrances effects can be immediate or long-term. -- barb

    Barb's opinion:
    What I find a highly amusing (irony) is that this unregulated industry came up with this bit
    of advice: "Scent is one of the most personal messages you can send, so no one outside your
    circle should be aware of your fragrance," yet they manufacture scents that cannot possibly
    remain within one's arm's length. And it's the phthalates that are showing up in blood and it's
    the phthalates that help make scent last. Phthalates are connected with fetal male genitalia problems

    During the last 30 years or so, synthetic fragrances have been formulated to waft further and last
    longer, and they have been added to an ever increasing array of personal care and household
    and janitorial cleaning and maintenance products. Through advertising, the industry has
    enticed more people to use and wear more scents more places than ever before. Then the industry
    has developed a public relations campaign and suggests people should observe their industry-
    determined "'scent circle' ... approximately an arm's length from the body." Beautiful!

    To point out the OBVIOUS, fragrances are volatile organic compounds and it's the nature of this
    beast to NOT observe any "scent circle." Notice when you step into an elevator, and no one is
    in sight but you know an odorovector had used that car before you because you are assaulted
    by the invisible, noxious vapor trail left lingering. The toxic fragrance chemicals have become
    one with the air you must breathe. And, they could be there from deodorant, or hair care
    products, etc., the likes of which aren't included in the industry's "scent circle."

    Secondly, try to gain an arm's length when you are in your healthcare facility and the scented
    nurse is drawing your blood, or your scented doctor is examing you, or at work, in school, in a
    crowded elevator, on crowded public transit ... in the theater . . . on a long plane flight . . . in a
    restaurant, where it's bad enough to try to dodge other patrons, but too often you must
    dodge the host or hostess and servers, too. Restaurants should understand that dining is an
    olfactory pleasure and that synthetic scents annihilate the scrumptious aromas from food and
    beverage; AND, can cause a patron a death-defying (one hopes it's no more than that!) asthmatic attack.

    "Scent circle." Is that a clever ploy to off-load blame from the industry and put it squarely
    on the shoulders of the very people to whom they sell their products? How long will the
    people hold still for being blamed for wearing too much of a product that won't respect "scent
    circle" boundaries? If I were an unvalued customer, I'd switch to fragrance-free products . . .
    of course, there can be a problem trying to find truly fragrance-free or unscented products
    because the industry can add synthetic scents to products to mask other objectionable odors
    and then label these scented products "Fragrance-FREE" or "UNscented." But, there are

      Source: FDA'sCosmetic Safety: More Complex Than at First Blush
      by Dori Stehlin"
      * fragrance-free - products so labeled may still contain small amounts of
      fragrances to mask the fatty odor of soap or other unpleasant odors"
    All this and the industry is also protected by trade secret laws ... which do not protect the
    industry from "rip-off" scents being manufactured and sold. Trade secret status does shield
    the industry very nicely from an informed consumership, astute doctors, lawyers AND
    government regulation! I firmly believe the public has a right to know about the chemicals
    they are putting on their bodies, in their bodies, on and in the bodies of others including their
    infants and children, in the air, in the water downstream, ... Yes, fragrance chemicals are now
    found in breast tissue, mother's milk and in waste water downstream, affecting fish and
    wildlife. (Toledo Blade, "Synthetic musk linked to environmental risks," by Michael Woods,
    March 24, 1999.) Also see EHN's POPs

    Also see Danish Environment's "Children should keep away from perfume,"
    which is a section of their article, "Perfume Causes Allergies."

    So, how discouraging is all of this to those now requiring cleaner, safer air for access? Can we
    scramble up out of yet another abyss?

    Let's give this idea of a "scent circle" a 180 degree flip. If users of scented products have
    an industry-declared "scent circle" that they are not supposed to exceed, then by George we
    have our own arm's length of distance that their chemical outgassings should not penetrate.

    If you react to the toxic chemical scent concoctions used or worn by folks further away than
    your arm's length, be sure to claim your legitimate space of cleaner air. Of course,
    try to claim your arm's length while being examined by a scented doctor, or while having blood
    drawn by a scented nurse, while regestering for health care, attending a conference, at
    work, in school, in a crowded elevator, on a public transit conveyance, etc. Ad nauseam.

    For my money, having to proclaim our "NO-scent circle" in the workplace, in school, in
    healthcare settings, in places of worship, on public transit, in meetings, et al., can't hold a
    candle to our space -- our "NO-scent circle," if you please -- being invaded by all of the industry-
    installed fragrance and pesticide emitting devices. One comes in contact with these decided
    air polluters upon entering hotels, restaurants and who knows what all public venues. I have
    even been in a hotel lobby whose staff proudly proclaimed they dispense fragrance throughout
    the hotel. I contacted management, rest assured. Lest you think this is just too far fetched, see:
    Chemical Market Reporter; Nov 29, 1999
    Fragrance Foundation and Analysts Outline Lasting Growth Strategies.
    (Statistical Data Included); Author/s: Peter Landau


    But some of the worst offenders healthwise are those bathroom dispensers that spritz as one leaves
    the cubicle. That way, people get blasted on their person as well as in their lungs. Dangerous!
    And, of course, those pollutants are released to the general air so someone just wanting to wash
    hands is also subjected to that blast of pollutants released when another person left the cubicle.

    In my opinion, these modern scent and pesticide dispensing devices, especially those that
    send this poison out through the HVAC (Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning) system
    are an assault on public health -- our health --AND an invasion of our rights to breathe safer air,
    unpolluted by gratuitously added synthetic scents, which are petrochemical distillates. And,
    what pray tell, happens to our "NO-scent circle of an arm's length under such circumstances?

    If YOU think the industry has its way with our government, our health, and our "NO-scent
    circle," please write to the US agencies such as the FDA, the EPA, and the CPSC. Strange as
    it may seem, their mission is to protect public health.

    And, if all of this doesn't seem ludicrous enough, the industry has admitted to having
    just begun its first study of effects upon fragrance inhalation. See
    Scents and sensitivities
    What to know before buying a Valentine's Day perfume

    By Francesca Lyman; Feb. 6, 2002; MSNBC CONTRIBUTOR

    Now mirrored by permission at

    Another article worth your time is Scents are InTOXICating by Sue Williams,
    who has written it for The Healthy Planet (
    You may wonder about the industry prescribed SCENT CIRCLE as you read, "I bank at a
    credit union and for over a year we have been at war. Not because of any discrepancy in my
    account, but because of the overwhelming, breathtaking fragrance inside. This odor permeates
    even the drive-up tubes and this toxic air comes inside the vehicle whenever I open one to
    retrieve my deposit slip. ..."

    Want more info? Read "Scents & Sensitivity" by Brandy E. Fisher in the Environmental
    Health Perspectives

  • Volume 106, Number 12; December 1998

    You may also wish to ask yourself this question before you next use one of "your" --
    manufactured, synthetically derived from petrochemicals -- signature scents or favorite
    scented product: Do Environmental Chemicals Harm Humans? by Dr. Mercola
    By the way, when you read this article, and learn of chemicals in breast milk, think MUSK
    . Synthetic musks are commonly used in the manufacture of fragrances. They are not only found
    stored in breast tissue and downstream in breast milk, but they are also found in the water
    downstream where they are also affecting fish and wildlife. By looking for safer products without
    petrochemical derived scents, you may be protecting your health and the health of fellow
    creatures on this planet.

    Also, a "must read" is an article that was published in the International Flavours and
    Fragrance Journal:
    Fragrance: Emerging Health and Environmental Concerns
    by Betty Bridges, RN at

    And now, it is March 2004 . . . and we learn:
    Due To Indoor Sources, Cancer Health Risk Significantly Underestimated by
    EPA's Ambient Model Estimates

    "The cancer risk from exposure to VOCs is vastly underestimated by current models that
    rely solely on ambient emissions. The cancer risk figures based on actual measured exposure
    were as much as three-fold greater than estimates given by models."

    By the way, if you think you are buying GREEN products, they are not allowed to contain
    "petrochemical-derived scent."
    Make sure that you do not see "fragrance" on the label.
    See US DOI


    We, the already chemically injured have been trying to inform -- for years! -- consumers, the
    mainstream medical industry, our government agencies charged with protecting public health
    and mainstream media. Our valid information is based upon the work of reputable doctors and
    researchers. The information about the toxic effects of fragrances is available . . . one just has to
    know where and how to find it. Why are you not getting warnings from government agencies
    charged with protecting public health? I don't know. But until such time, take matters into your
    own hands. Learn all you can. EHN's site is a place to begin your research.

    Remember the counsel you received as a child? STOP, LOOK and LISTEN. Well, I suggest we
    revisit that advice in reverse order. It is up to you to LISTEN, LOOK and STOP. Listen to
    us, the already chemically injured. Look at the labels of products; if it states "fragrance,"
    look for a product that is safer for you and your family, friends, colleagues . . . and for the wildlife
    downstream. Stop purchasing scented products on the blind faith that the industry
    " thoroughly" tests before marketing. It hasn't been. Let's see proof that the carcinogens, hormone
    disrupters, irritants, neurotoxins, sensitizers and teratogens in fragrance products do not harm
    developing fetuses, infants,children, elderly, the already ill, and other creatures with whom we share
    this planet . . . and you, the wearer, who cannot yet recognize the illnesses to strike your body.

    As it is, I'm not convinced that a user of fragrances is safe just because it has been tested on the
    skin of primary users. Where are the tests for effects upon inhalation, for effects upon blood
    pressure and the heart? Where are the tests for effects upon the digestive system? Where are the
    tests for effects upon the brain and nervous systems? Where, praytell are the tests for systemic
    effects? Where are the tests for effects upon the nonuser who becomes a user through inhalation
    and absorption of these toxins? Where are the tests on products whose formulations changed
    from mainly plant and animal essences preceding the 1970s to become about 95 percent
    petrochemically derived? Where is government regulation? Where the heck is Congress? Congress
    was informed as far back as 1986 about the neurotoxins. One thing for sure, industry is raking
    in a lot of money . . . and we the people are a lot poorer for it. in a variety of ways.

    We all are stakeholders when it comes to breathing.

    -- barb

      Some EHN links to check:

    • Canadian Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association
      420 Britannia Road East, Suite 102, Mississauga, Ontario L4Z 3L5.


    • Fragrance Foundation®, Inc.
      It's almost like in one breath fragrance users are told not to exceed their "scent circle" and
      in the next, told how to most definitely exceed it. Who's fooling whom? -- barb

      Tip #1: "Everyone has a personal 'scent circle': approximately an arm's length from
      the body. No one should be aware of your fragrance unless he or she steps
      inside your 'circle.' Fragrance should be one of the most subtle, personal
      messages you send to those with whom you come in contact. "

      Tip #2: "For a long-lasting effect, fragrance should be layered all over the body,
      starting with toilet water or eau de parfum, next in strength to perfume, to
      build the fragrance foundation. Because fragrance rises, spray or smooth
      fragrance onto skin from the feet to the shoulders. If fragrance is applied only
      behind the ears, it will eventually rise and disappear. ..."


    • Scent lasts in part due to PHTHALATES, which industry assures us are safe.
      Want to make up your own mind? Read the information on the site of Not Too Pretty, and, of
      course, visit EHN's petition which is the formal means for informing the FDA about your
      concerns regarding the toxins you are putting onto and into your body, the bodies of your
      children, the bodies of all who come in contact with your scents' noxious vapor and the fish and
      wildlife downstream . . . Our modern fragrances are petrochemical products! -- barb



    • Scented Products Education and Information Association of Canada (SPEIAC)


      • Scent Reduction Policies and the Workplace - Important Considerations


        As you read, consider vested interests . . . you may want a block of salt. Remember as you read
        about RIFM (Research Institute for Fragrance Materials), that it was their spokesperson, Glenn Roberts, who said in a Feb. 2002 article by
        Francesca Lyman, Scents and sensitivities ..., "that his industry group has begun
        the first study to examine fragrance inhalation. 'We¼re spending a lot of money on this,' he
        says, 'to understand the systemic effects of fragrances on organs and nervous system, what
        happens when fragrances are inhaled.' " The economic whine is not lost on me. He'd be staggered
        by the costs to those already chemically injured. See Scents and sensitivities at:


        And to see what all our US FDA cannot do regarding fragrance regulation, visit
        FDA Authority Over Cosmetics ( -- barb

      • Fragrance Ingredient Safety & Regulation


      • Fragrance Fact Sheet

        I'd like to see all fragrances analyzed, MSDS checked, an official look at all the chemicals that
        are used about which not enough is known; a look at the chemicals used about which it is known
        that they are irritants and sensitizers; and a further look at the chemicals that are known or
        suspected carcinogens (capable of causing cancer), teratogens (adversely affecting embryo and
        fetal development), neurotoxins (affecting your brain and nervous systems) and hormone
        disrupters (affecting males and females of all ages and our wildlife downstream). Yes, fragrances
        have been used for time out of mind, but not PETROCHEMICALLY derived fragrances. Even
        those who used to "LOVE THEIR FRAGRANCES" 30 years ago can no longer tolerate being
        around modern synthetic scents. Let's see some REAL science, and let's see some REAL
        results of REAL tests. Tests that search beyond what happens to the skin of the primary user.
        Let's include data on airborne contact dermatitis, effects upon inhalation, effects upon absorption
        via skin and eye, let's have some REAL studies about adverse effect following long-term
        exposure, let's learn what systemic effects are, let's explore the neurotoxic effects of fragrances.
        Then, let us see a real fragrnce fact sheet. It can only help the industry. -- barb

        Canada's Food and Drug Act - Cosmetics
        Notice, that just as in the USA, there is absolutely no concern for those who encounter
        adverse health effects and events at secondary and tertiary levels of exposure. Nonetheless,
        if the industry cannot prove that coumarin, musks, phthaltes, and all the other 3,000 to 5,000
        chemicals in their repertorire are safe for users and nonusers, for developing fetuses and our
        elderly, for the already chemically injured, aren't the Food and Drug Acts of Canada and the
        USA being flaunted at best and violated at worst? -- barb

        16. "No person shall sell any cosmetic that
            (a) has in or on it any substance that may cause injury to the
        health of the user when the cosmetic is used,

              (i) according to the directions on the label
        or accompanying the cosmetic, or

              (ii) for such purposes and by such methods
        of use as are customary or usual therefor; ..."


          USA's Cosmetic Handbook
          Where is the concern for those who are harmed at the secondary and tertiary levels of exposure?
          But also where is the concern for those harmed as primary users? Our public health agencies
          are supposed to protect public health; prevent illness and injury. Not help one facet of the
          chemical industry assure I&I so another facet -- pharmaceuticals -- can benefit greatly. -- barb

          "1. Regulatory Requirements for Marketing Cosmetics in the United States

          "A cosmetic is considered adulterated if it contains a substance which may make the
          product harmful to consumers under customary conditions of use; ..."

          "...A cosmetic is misbranded if its labeling is false or misleading, if it does not bear the
          required labeling information, ..."

          2. Cosmetic Good Manufacturing Practice Guidelines

          "The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act prohibits the introduction or delivery
          for introduction into interstate commerce of cosmetics that are adulterated or
          misbranded (Sec. 301). "A cosmetic may be deemed adulterated (Sec. 601) for
          essentially four reasons, namely:

               "1. It may be injurious to users under conditions of customary use
          because it contains, or its container is composed of, a potentially harmful substance. . . ."


      • Visit SPEIAC's ad -- "COMMON SENSE ABOUT SCENTS" -- published following their press
        conference in Halifax, Nova Scotia, June 20, 2000. They, too, refer to the "Scent Circle."

        2006, ad now available through

        Their ad also states: "The composition of perfumes hasn't changed much in hundreds
        of years. They contain primarily water and alcohol - of the same type and purity
        we drink in beverages -- as well as essential fragrance oils."


          Notice that line about alcohol! Now, let's visit National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
          and their Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards ( -- and look up:
            Ethyl alcohol
              Synonyms & Trade Names: Alcohol, Cologne spirit, Ethanol, EtOH, Grain alcohol

              Exposure Routes: inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact

              Symptoms: irritation eyes, skin, nose; headache, drowsiness, fatigue, narcosis;
              cough; liver damage; anemia; reproductive, teratogenic effects

              Target Organs: Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system,
              liver, blood, reproductive system"

            Then visit the FDA Petition, specifically Product Label
            for information about alcohol . . .

            Also, visit:

          • Perfumers World and their "Materials Used In Perfumery"

            Now, you tell me how these toxic chemical products can respect an industry-defined
            "scent circle." It puts the onus of polluting on the user, not on the product. NICE! -- barb

      • Enjoying Your Fragrance [Includes DOs and DON'Ts and Fragrance Tips
        (with the "scent circle" information).]


    Scent Circle for puppies
    by Prof. Sean Reidy
    Ah, ha! Perhaps the industry got the idea of a "scent circle" from puppy training techniques! -- barb


  • Scent-Free Healthy Schools September 1998
    by K. Robinson; CASLE - Citizens for A Safe Learning Environment

    Scent Strips
    Also see EHN's Postal Information


      SECTION 110390-110420

      SECTION 110390-110420;
      Go to California Law

      Click on "Health and Safety Code" in the left hand column, key in the word
      "fragrance" and click the search button. Scroll to the bottom of the page.


        110420. (a) Any fragrance advertising insert contained in a
        newspaper, magazine, mailing, or other periodically printed material
        shall contain only microencapsulated oils. Glue tabs or binders
        shall be used to prevent premature activation of the fragrance
        advertising insert.

        "Fragrance advertising insert" means a printed piece with
        encapsulated fragrance applied to it that is activated by opening a
        flap or removing an overlying ply of paper.

        Paperstocks employed in the manufacture of fragrance advertising
        inserts shall have a maximum porosity of 20 Sheffield units or 172
        Gurley-Hill units.

        (b) Any person who distributes fragrance advertising inserts in
        violation of this section, is guilty of an infraction and shall, if
        convicted, be subject to a fine of one hundred dollars ($100) for
        each distribution. The fine shall apply to each mass mailing or
        distribution, and to each mass publication of a magazine or newspaper
        in violation of this section. The fine shall not apply, however, to
        each individual letter, magazine, newspaper, or fragrance
        advertising insert so distributed. Section 111825 is not applicable
        to violations of this section.

        (c) This section shall become operative on January 1, 1992.


    • Inhalation challenge effects of perfume scent strips in patients with asthma.
      Kumar P, Caradonna-Graham VM, Gupta S, Cai X, Rao PN, Thompson J.
      Department of Medicine, Louisiana State University Medical Center, New Orleans, USA.
      "...CONCLUSIONS: Perfume-scented strips in magazines can cause exacerbations of
      symptoms and airway obstruction in asthmatic patients. Severe and atopic asthma
      increases risk of adverse respiratory reactions to perfumes."


    • From Julia Kendall's Making Sense of Scents
      Postal Regulations, Domestic Mail Manual, 124.395 and California AB 2709


    • Leaking scent strips and the US Mail
      Pub. 52, Hazardous, Restricted, and Perishable Mail (Text)

      Hazardous, Restricted, and Perishable Mail
      Publication 52 July 1999
      Transmittal Letter
      A. Filing Instructions. This issue of Publication 52 replaces the April 1990 edition, which must be recycled.

      B. Explanation. This publication is revised in accordance with current standards in Domestic Mail Manual (DMM) C020-C024. It is designed for use by postal employees in business mail entry, retail, and marketing who are involved in providing mailability information to postal customers regarding hazardous materials, restricted matter, and perishable matter.

      C. Distribution. Order copies from the material distribution center (MDC) using PS Form 7380, MDC Supply Requisition.

      D. Comments and Questions. Direct comments or questions concerning the content of Publication 52 to:

      475 L'ENFANT PLZ SW RM 6801
      WASHINGTON DC 20260-6808
      E. Effective Date. This edition of Publication 52 is effective July 1999.

      Anita J. Bizzotto
      Vice President
      Marketing Systems
      492.22   Restricted or Improperly Prepared Items
      Other types of unsolicited samples may be nonmailable for other reasons,
      including the following:
        a. The sample is an otherwise restricted item such as a toxic substance or poison subject to the hazardous materials requirements in Chapter 3 and DMM C023.

        b. The sample is improperly prepared for mailing, such as an inadequately packaged razor blade or a household substance that does not comply with the child-resistant packaging required in DMM C024.13.0.

        c. The sample is a pesticide subject to the restrictions in DMM C024.14.0 or a fragrance advertising sample subject to the restrictions in DMM C024.15.0. [ see below]

        d. The sample is an odd-shaped item in a letter-size envelope that is prohibited under DMM C024.18.0.

      493 Customer Objection to Unsolicited Matter
      Customers who object to receiving unsolicited matter should be advised that the Postal Service must accept any lawfully mailable matter that is properly prepared for mailing and bears appropriate postage. [But, sez barb, LEAKING SCENT STRIPS are NOT "lawfully mailable matter that is properly prepared for mailing" -- that's a HUGE difference!]These customers may be directed to contact the mailer or manufacturer to have their names removed from the mailing list. Customers also may be advised they may refuse any piece of mail, either at the time it is offered for delivery or after it is delivered (if unopened), as provided in DMM D042 and POM 611. [But, sez barb, by that time ALL of our mail is contaminated.]

      494 Rulings
      In the category of promotional samples, rulings sometimes can be provided based on the trade name of an item. However, this is not always possible. A generic description, such as razor blade, cleaner, aerosol product, or drug, is insufficient information for determining mailability. To request a ruling on the mailability of restricted matter, furnish the information in 215.3 to the local postmaster.

      If the matter for which the ruling is being requested has the physical characteristics of a toxic substance, flammable liquid, compressed gas, or other hazardous material, a ruling should be requested under the conditions in 215.2.

      Now, what I'd like to know is, has the US Postal Service ever sent back a bunch of mail with
      leaking scent strips? Their regulations, 39 USC 3001(g) following, show that they are to dispose of "nonmailable matter," but they do not. What if the Postal Service returned nonmailable matter to the publisher? If publishers had to pay through the nose on this one, I'll bet our mail would not be contaminated as frequently as it is! -- barb


        DMM C024.15.0.
      • 15.0 Fragrance Advertising Sample
        "A fragrance advertising sample (39 USC 3001(g)) [see below], i.e., any matter normally acceptable in the mail but containing a fragrance advertising sample, is permitted in the mail only if it is sealed, wrapped, treated, or otherwise prepared in a manner reasonably designed to prevent individuals from being unknowingly or involuntarily exposed to the sample. A sample meets this requirement if it uses paper stocks with a maximum porosity of 20 Sheffield units or 172 Gurley-Hill units treated exclusively with microencapsulated oils, and if the sample is produced so that it cannot be activated except by opening a glued flap or binder or by removing an overlying ply of paper."


      • 39 USC 3001(g)
        (1) Matter otherwise legally acceptable in the mails which contains or includes a fragrance advertising sample is nonmailable matter, shall not be carried or delivered by mail, and shall be disposed of as the Postal Service directs, unless the sample is sealed, wrapped, treated, or otherwise prepared in a manner reasonably designed to prevent individuals from being unknowingly or involuntarily exposed to the sample.

        (2) The Postal Service shall by regulation establish the standards or requirements which a
        fragrance advertising sample must satisfy in order for the mail matter involved not to
        be considered nonmailable under this subsection.



    MACY'S stinking scented ads
    I've complained time and again over time. Macy's will do nothing about their ongoing toxic
    chemical assault of us in our homes unless they hear from you, too. Sooner or later, if they hear
    from enough folks that we cannot read any of their ads -- nor any of the ads from conscientious
    companies who don't use polluting perfumed ads -- because of the toxins emanating from one ad.
    Most recently Giorgio Armani in the San Francisco Chronicle, Sunday, June 6, 2004 -- barb


        Macy's East
        Visitor Services
        Phone: 212-494-3827
        Fax: 212-494-2118

        Macy's West
        Visitor Services
        Phone: 415-954-6271
        Fax: 415-984-7946

        Or call toll-free
        from Mexico & Canada:

        You can email us at

    Magazine scent strips getting nosed out
    "After 17 years, magazine "stink" might be a thing of the past soon, thanks to new
    technology designed to replace those ubiquitous scent strips that now assault our
    olfactory senses. ..."

    Respiratory and Asthmatic Effects of Perfumes and Fragranced Products; Abstracts


    Scent-Free Healthy Schools September 1998
    by K. Robinson

    Scented Products Education and Information Association of Canada (SPEIAC) - Home Page

    Scents and Sensitivity
    Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 106,
    December 12, November 1998

    "Scents and Sensitivity "
    Sick-building syndrome can cause some serious workplace woes
    By Julyne Derrick

    SchoolNet - Canada


    Schools/Students: Please see new page

    Susan Polis Schutz and illustrator Stephen Schutz



    Science is one thing . . . but when I hear or read the phrase, "sound science", I smell perfidy. -- barb

    Conflicted Science: How Industry Corrupts Research
    by Judy Brady
    Breast Cancer Action; Newsletter #79‚November/December 2003
    "It¼s worse than you thought. Most of us who have been paying attention in recent years
    are aware that science is often manipulated to serve the interests of whoever is paying
    for it. But a first-of-its-kind conference last summer in Washington, D.C., laid it out. ..."

    Science Panel on Interactive Communication and Health (SciPICH)

    The Science and Environmental Health Network
    Science, Action and Ethics in the Public Interest
    Dr. Ted Schettler, Science Director

    • Science in the courts
      "During the last ten years, the courts, especially the federal court system and tort law,
      have undergone a quiet revolution. Few people outside the legal community are aware
      of the impact of these changes, but they affect everyone. Because of changes in the
      way courts treat science and evidence, the courts can no longer be counted on to provide
      justice for those who have been injured by products and technologies. People are
      losing their right to sue, and when cases do reach the courts, plaintiffs find the deck
      stacked against them. ..."


    • About The Networker Index for SEHN's newsletter


    • Article II. Phthalates: Asking The Right Questions
      By Nancy Myers
      "[Dr.] Schettler's informed guess is that the gravest new concern may be about
      phthalates used in cosmetics, personal care products, and fragrances."


    • Beyond Democratization Of Risk Assessment: An Alternative To Risk Assessment
      By Mary H. O'Brien
      I must admit I've at least two red flags that outdo any that any bull has ever charged . . .
      "'Sound' science" and "Risk Assessment." barb sez, This is a MUST read!


    • Contemplating Impluse and Acting on Navels
      By Mary O'Brien
      "... [A]all of the children on Earth are drowning. They're drowning in toxics; they're drowning in automobile exhaust and noise; they're drowning in 6 billion humans; they're drowning in the unleashed buying and selling of the world called "development", "business" and "free trade." It's human children, and salmon children, native grasses, frogs, ants that are drowning. ..."


    • Ecosystem Health Papers


    • Pollution is Personal


    • The Precautionary Principle
      "The Science and Environmental Health Network is working to implement the
      precautionary principle as a basis for environmental and public health policy. The
      principle and the main components of its implementation are stated this way in the
      1998 Wingspread Statement on the Precautionary Principle:
      'When an activity raises threats of harm to human health or the
      environment, precautionary measures should be taken even if some cause and effect
      relationships are not fully established scientifically. In this context the proponent of an
      activity, rather than the public, should bear the burden of proof. The process of applying
      the precautionary principle must be open, informed and democratic and must
      include potentially affected parties. It must also involve an examination of the full
      range of alternatives, including no action.'- Wingspread Statement on the
      Precautionary Principle, Jan. 1998


    • The Precautionary Principle - FAQs


    Scientific American

    Scientific Instrument Services, Inc. (SIS)
    The #1 Source for Mass Spectrometery, Gas Chromatography, and Liquid Chromatography
    Scientific Method
    • EXPERIMENTAL SCIENCE PROJECTS: An Intermediate Level Guide

    • The Internet Science Room
      "The Scientific Method can be used to solve any problem, even to find a date for Friday Night! Here's how to do it: ..."


    • Prof Frank Wofls (
        "I. The scientific method has four steps
          "1. Observation and description of a phenomenon or group of phenomena.

          "2. Formulation of an hypothesis to explain the phenomena. In physics, the hypothesis
          often takes the form of a causal mechanism or a mathematical relation.

          "3. Use of the hypothesis to predict the existence of other phenomena, or to predict
          quantitatively the results of new observations.

          "4. Performance of experimental tests of the predictions by several independent
          experimenters and properly performed experiments.

        "If the experiments bear out the hypothesis it may come to be regarded as a theory
        or law of nature (more on the concepts of hypothesis, model, theory and law below).
        If the experiments do not bear out the hypothesis, it must be rejected or modified.
        What is key in the description of the scientific method just given is the predictive power
        (the ability to get more out of the theory than you put in; see Barrow, 1991) of the
        hypothesis or theory, as tested by experiment. It is often said in science that theories
        can never be proved, only disproved. There is always the possibility that a new
        observation or a new experiment will conflict with a long-standing theory. "


    • Prof Jose Wudka (
        The scientific method
        "Science is best defined as a careful, disciplined, logical search for knowledge about any
        and all aspects of the universe, obtained by examination of the best available evidence and
        always subject to correction and improvement upon discovery of better evidence. What's left
        is magic. And it doesn't work. -- James Randi"
        "What is the 'scientific method'?
        "The scientific method is the best way yet discovered for winnowing the truth from lies
        and delusion. The simple version looks something like this:
          "1. Observe some aspect of the universe.

          " 2. Invent a tentative description, called a hypothesis, that is consistent with
          what you have observed.

          "3. Use the hypothesis to make predictions.

          "4. Test those predictions by experiments or further observations and modify the
          hypothesis in the light of your results.

          "5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 until there are no discrepancies between theory and
          experiment and/or observation.


        "When consistency is obtained the hypothesis becomes a theory and provides a
        coherent set of propositions which explain a class of phenomena. A theory is then a
        framework within which observations are explained and predictions are made. "

        To proponents of "Sound Science" and "Risk Assessment" I point out the obvious: Step #4,
        states "modify the hypothesis in the light of your results." That does not mean, modify
        the results in the light of your hypothesis! Or, industry pressure. See "Sound Science" below. -- barb

    Scleroderma Fact Sheet

    Scorecard - Environmental Defense
    "Hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) are chemicals which can cause adverse effects to
    human health or the environment. Almost 200 of these chemicals have been identifed,
    including chemicals that can cause cancer or birth defects."


    • Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission


    • Safe, Sustainable Seafood
      Seafood Watch - Monterey Bay Aquarium


    • Sea Turtles
      The Wild Ones Science Network

      Search Engines -- a few of barb's favorites

        "A network of over 8000 independent booksellers, is a private company,
        registered in Victoria, B.C., Canada. It is owned and operated by its founders, Keith
        Waters and Rick Pura. Since its launch in 1996, has provided its
        members with the online capability of selling their books to customers worldwide.

        " offers the most complete collection of rare, antiquarian, used and out-of-
        print books on the Internet, with over 27 million books listed. By combining the
        inventories of our member booksellers into a common database and coupling it with
        advanced search capabilities and e-commerce facilities, has become a
        dominant player in the Internet book market."


      • Alltheweb


      • BestoftheWeb


      • Environmental Defense
        • ABOUT THE CHEMICALS | Main Page
          Scorecard provides detailed information on more than 6,900 chemicals, including
          all the chemicals used in large amounts in the United States or Canada and all the
          chemicals regulated under major environmental laws.


      • FastHealth
        Be mindful as this site is brought to you by the American College of Physicians-American
        Society of Internal Medicine . . . and they recommend DEET. As in this article, "Mosquitoes
        and Mosquito Repellents: A Clinician's Guide" - Annals of Internal Medicine, 1 June 1998.
        128:931-940. By Mark S. Fradin, MD -- "... N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide (DEET) is the
        most effective, and best studied, insect repellent currently on the market. This substance has
        a remarkable safety profile after 40 years of worldwide use, but toxic reactions can occur (usually
        when the product is misused). ..." But we aren't surprised by that parenthetical thought are
        we? Once again, the onus is put on the user of consumer products for our adverse reactions
        caused by the chemicals -- known and mostly UNknown -- within. -- barb




      • Google


      • Lycos


      • Search for the News - Journalism Search Engines
        from JournalismNet


      • Wayback Machine
        This is great for finding those URLs that seem to have disappeared. -- barb


    • SeaWeb
      "SeaWeb is a multimedia public education project designed to raise awareness
      of the world ocean and the life within it. We aim to provide information and
      opinion from a broad spectrum of sources to help us all become more
      connected and involved in the life of the sea."

    Second Hand Reactions
    A series of articles by Dr. Gloria Gilbere


    Second Nature
    "Second Nature is a nonprofit organization that helps colleges and universities expand
    their efforts to make environmentally sustainable and just action a foundation of
    learning and practice. Education for Sustainability (EFS) is a lifelong learning process that
    leads to an informed and involved citizenry having the creative problem-solving
    skills, scientific and social literacy, and commitment to engage in responsible individual
    and cooperative actions. Second Nature focuses on colleges and universities because they
    educate our future teachers, leaders, managers, policymakers and other professionals."

    Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)
    Drugs like Prozac, Paxil, Zoloft
    See: SSRIs and Sexual Desire: You Don¼t Have to Choose
    By Amy Wilensky; Health Correspondent


    -- end sensitizers --

    Septic Tanks
    EHN does not recommend products . . . and I am not on a septic tank system. -- barb

  • Service Dogs Invisible Disabilities
    Federal Laws and Regulations Governing Access
    Also see EHN's section on Dogs, General Links, page D.


  • Seventh Generation, Inc.
    212 Battery Street Suite A
    Burlington, VT 05401-5281
    phone 802.658.3773; fax 802.658.1771
    "If every household in the U.S. replaced just one bottle of 28 oz. petroleum based
    dishwashing liquid with our vegetable based product, we could save 82,000 barrels of oil,
    enough to drive a car for over 86 million miles."


    "Despite growing evidence of the damages from pesticides, Gov. Davis of California signs
    multi-million dollar bill to spray pesticides for the benefit of wine grower.
  • Shaken Baby Syndrom - SBS
    SBS: Not to be confused with sick building syndrome.
    Is it all about shaking or can there be other causes, misdiagnosed, such as adverse events
    following shots? Mainstream doctors weren't any too quick on the uptake of Asthma as
    recently as 40 years ago . . . and they still just don't get IT when it comes to MCS. Am I going to
    believe that Shaken Baby Syndrome is due only to shaken babies? I don't think so. Do NOT
    shake a baby. Do NOT shake a child. And, I'd go so far as to say, boxers should wear protective
    head gear. But I also say, look more closely at adverse events following administration of "hot"
    vaccines. I am not a doctor, I am not an "expert" . . . I do have plenty of questions, though. -- barb

  • Shampoo - Conditioners, et al
    Also see EHN's Consumer Info at

    Again, no recommendations are implied . . . I'm providing this info as a service. YOUR body
    should determine what you use. Here are just a few examples of shampoos. Your most
    important step should be get to know the difference between ORGANIC and a shampoo that
    simply uses the word "organic" as an advertising ploy.

    Brands listed here -- to the best of my knowledge -- contain no DEA, nor Sodium Lauryl Sulfate,
    nor Sodium Laureth Sulfate, nor dyes of whatever number. I especially hope that products
    labeled "natural" and those labeled "organic" carry NO synthetic fragrances, which simply
    appears on labels as: FRAGRANCE. For more on the subject of fragrance see EHN's
    FDA Petition and also Cosmetic Info.

    The bad news about shampoo follows. . . and it's just beginning!

    The reason we don't know is that our commonly used consumer products -- including those we put on our bodies -- are released to market without substantiation of safety. Furthermore, their ingredients are trade-secret-protected. That's fine for industry, but I believe that protection has led to the tanking of public health. And to those who claim that line to be hysteria, please start giving answers to all of the UNEXPLAINED skyrocketing rates of various chronic illnesses that can be and are caused by the chemicals used to make our consumer products. -- barb

      The good news:

    • Fragrance-Free
      • Magick Botanicals
        "Magick Botanicals is the leader in natural fragrance free products for the chemically
        sensitive and the environmentally ill. ... No Animal Testing, No Animal By-Products"
        You may see products with "DEA" on the label, but this firm uses MEA; they chose not
        to waste the old labels. -- barb


    • Natural Shampoos
    • Organic Shampoos
      Please check with Organic Consumers Association regarding companies that claim to sell
      organic products, but have used floral waters to increase their percentage of organics to
      California's 70% mark. EHN and I are not endorsing any products, just showing you that
      products are avaialbe. -- barb


      • Abundant Earth Organics Shampoo
        "No Other Shampoo Compares!
        "Please take a look at all the other shampoos and conditioners on the market,
        including the ones at your co-op or health food store. Ingredients such as Sodium
        Laureth Sulfate, Methylparaben, Propylparaben, DEA, TEA, PEG, Quaternium-15,
        Propylene Glycol and a variety of other unseemly chemicals abound (even in the
        so-called "healthy" brands), all mixed up into a potentially toxic soup. Now take a look
        at the brands that use the word "Organic" or "Organics" in their name or in their
        ingredient list. Companies using the word organic are usually using it in one of two
        ways. For marketing purposes, they've added a few organically grown ingredients
        to an otherwise toxic mixture, or they are referring to the chemical term "organic," as in
        "organic chemistry," which has little to do with organically grown ingredients, but once
        again, makes a great marketing ploy. ..."
        This brand carries UNscented shampoo, without "fragrant organic & wildcrafted essential oils." -- barb

        Aubrey Organics®

        Enter a keyword in their search engine, such as SHAMPOO, to bring up a product, then select. -- barb


          By Aubrey Hampton



          Long before "natural" became a marketing buzz word, Aubrey Organics®
          was a natural company. Our labels have always carried the message loud and
          clear. No chemical additives. No mineral oils. No artificial ingredients of
          any kind. Our hair, skin and bodycare products are made with herbals from
          around the world, natural vitamins and minerals. We use liquid coconut oil in
          our soaps and shampoos and coconut fatty acids and essential fatty acids in
          our creams and lotions, and Aubrey's own natural preservative of citrus
          seed extract and vitamins A, C and E.

          More than 30 years later, natural is still the practical philosophy behind our company,
          with more than 150 hair, skin and bodycare products that carry the Aubrey
          Organics® guarantee -- 100% synthetic-free and never tested on animals.


        • Camomile Luxurious Herbal Shampoo
          "Natural shampoo made with golden camomile oil from France and sulfur-rich
          herbals in a coconut-olive oil castile soap blend. Brings out natural highlights and
          leaves hair clean and bouncy.

          INGREDIENTS: Deionized Water, Coconut Oil Soap, Liquid Protein, Organic
          Aloe Vera*, Roman Camomile Oil, Extracts of Camomile, Horsetail, Coltsfoot,
          Fennel, Hops, Balm-mint, Mistletoe and Yarrow, Allantoin, Nicotinic Acid (Niacin),
          Inositol, Carrot Oil, Aubrey's Preservative (Citrus Seed Extract, Vitamins A, C and E).

          *Organically grown and processed in accordance with the California Organic Foods Act of 1990.


      • Earth Essence Holistic Organic Shampoo
        "Holistic - organic - super concentrated shampoos. Especially good for
        chemically sensitive adults - children - everybody! ...

        " ... Ordinary shampoos containing Sodium Laurel Sulfate (SLF) and other chemical
        additives damage the hair shafts, stripping them of their natural oils, making the hair
        brittle and dry, and causing split ends. Synthetic shampoo scalp and follicle openings.
        Over time, these chemical additives, which are often carcinogenic in nature, seep down
        into the hair roots and brain cells, often causing premature thinning and eventual
        significant hair loss. ... "


        • Morrocco Method Elemental Shampoos
          " ... Whatever of our products is absorbed by the skin and enters into the body's
          tissues, glands, and cells is in no way harmful to the natural functioning of the body. ..."


      • Tikvah Organic Shampoo
        "... Ingredients: Filtered water, saponified certified organic olive oil, saponified certified
        organic coconut oil, saponified castor bean oil, certified organic almond oil, d-Panthenol
        (vitamin B-5), certified organic jojoba oil. ..."


        • TIKVAH at OTA's All Things Organic trade show - Pictures
          Cyndi Norman and EHN are members of OTA. Here are pictures of the booth, Cyndi
          and Connie Barker, EHN Board Chair, at the OTA trade show, May 2002 -- barb


      • Uncle Harry's Natural Products, Shampoos
        Organic Tea Tree (8 oz)


    • Share, Care and Prayer
      (A nonprofit, Christian organization encouraging, educating and equipping
      the environmentally sensitive ...)

    • Shell Oil Refinery, Wood River, Illinois
      I have a memory of my mother claiming there was a "mishap" at Shell Oil in Wood River
      when my brother was an infant and I was about five. I've not found proof of that, but if anyone
      knows for sure that there was a problem at Wood River circa 1943, I'd like to know. Cousins who
      lived near that area are younger than I and don't know and their fathers are dead so they
      cannot be asked. If there was a release from Shell in 1943, it settled as a chemical pall over south
      St. Louis. Obviously, that refinery has had modern problems.

      What I have learned is that St. Louis had a severe "flu" outbreak at about that time. But I ask,
      was that a true, viral flu, or a major flu-like reaction to the toxins that flowed down the
      Mississippi River Valley to butt up against the Ozarks, which start to rise just south of St. Louis.
      Until I learn more about the refinery in 1943, I'll put my buck on it having been a chemical-
      induced flu, not viral.

      In any case, I remember my mother, infant brother and I being very sick with a severe bronchial
      cough -- I don't remember my father being affected, but then, he had a smoker's hack and so
      he always had a strong cough. I do know he was not as ill as my mother. And for me, that
      marked the beginning of what later -- around my forties -- was finally diagnosed: Chemical-
      induced asthma. One can just imagine, with that as a background, how my body then reacted to perfumes that went from being made largely with plants and animal parts to being derived from petrochemicals . . . think HYDROCARBONS! -- barb

      Shelter Ecology
      Products catalog

    • Janette D. Sherman, M.D.
      Physician • Author • Activist • Mom


      • More on Mammograms
        "Thursday, March 7, 2002, Letters to the Editor, The Washington Post, Page A20
        " In regard to the Feb. 22 front-page article about mammograms:
        First, a mammogram does not prevent cancer; it can only find an existing cancer.

        "Second, safer methods of diagnosis (without X-rays) are available, including thorough
        physical examinations, ultrasound, MRI and thermography. The last takes a heat picture
        showing the physiological function breast tissue. Thermography is available in
        France, Australia and some centers in the United States. Given that every mammogram,
        indeed every X-ray procedure, carries an increased risk of causing cancer,
        development of this safe, non-radiation technique should be a priority. ..."
        Alexandria, Virginia

        Radiation and Public Health Project
        "... Currently Dr. Sherman is Adjunct Professor in the Department of Environmental
        Sciences at Western Michigan University in Kalamazoo, and Research Associate and
        Lecturer with the Radiation and Public Health Project.

        "Dr. Sherman's primary interest is the prevention of illness through public education and
        patient awareness.


        Books by Dr. Sherman:

        • Life's Delicate Balance - Causes and Prevention of Breast Cancer
          "[D]efines and documents known causes of breast cancer, and emphasizes the
          means of prevention.
          The Professional and Layperson¼s Guide to Understanding Cause and Effect

          "Chemical Exposure and Disease is a must for all activists, whether lay or
          professional, who want to prevent disease. "



        • Dr. Sherman's books also available from Safe2Use. -- barb


      Shirley's Wellness Cafe
      • Health Issue Alert -
        Genetically engineered Recombinant Bovine Growth Hormone (rBGH/BST)
        in your milk: Why is BGH is banned in Europe and Canada?
        Mad Cows Disesase Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE)

        "Both the U.S. General Accounting Office (GAO) and the Consumer's Union,
        publisher of Consumer Reports magazine, have warned of the potential hazards to
        human health caused by consuming products derived from rBGH-treated cows.


      • Holistic Animal Health - Chemicals in Your Home and Your Pet's Health


      (Also see Vaccines at

      Mercury too high in shots given infants, experts warn
      Vaccine additive may accumulate, harm brain, pediatricians caution
      By Lauran Neergaard / Associated Press


      • Also, mentioned on website ofMercury in Toothousand
        Mercury too high in shots given Infants, experts warn. (Scroll down to story.)
        "Associated Press release read 7/8/99 in the Detroit News pg 6A."


      SIC Codes
      SIC Code: Standard Industrial Classification code: a number developed by the
      U.S. Office of Management and Budget to identify industrial sectors. The first two
      digits identify the broad industrial sector (such as SIC code 20, Food and Kindred
      Products) and the last two digits represent a facility's specialty within this broad
      sector (such as SIC code 2047, dog and cat food).

      Sick Building Syndrome (SBS)
      Too often, when looking at causes of sick buildings, synthetic fragrances in personal
      care and cleaning/maintenance products are overlooked. Synthetic fragrances are
      volatile organic compounds and are known sources of indoor and outdoor air
      pollutants. For more information on the toxic chemicals in modern synthetic fragrances,
      please visit EHN's page, Fragrance Info

      Interested in information regarding fragrance-free accommodation? See EHN's Take Heart!

      Also visit EHN's pages covering safer ways so you can PREVENT SBS! . . .





      And, for the astute: You may wish to check out EHN's section on Housing. I ask: WHEN will
      we get safe housing for the already chemically injured? Ecology House WORKS! We need
      more throughout the U.S. . . . and the world. When will the world and the US see the chemically
      injured as a viable market? Only then will changes be made. Pretty sad commentary on public
      consciousness and awareness, but that's how I see it. However, not only do the already
      chemically poisoned desparately need safe housing, but the nation better put its collective mind to
      safe housing and safe cleaning and "pest" control practices for all, are the numbers of people
      living with chronic illnesses, including asthma, cancer, ... and MCS, will rise higher and faster
      than all of our "experts" predict. That's my prediction. -- barb


    SIDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome)

    SIDS refers to a sudden and most unexpected death of an infant from unkonown causes.

    IF our government and medical researchers are not thoroughly investigating a possible role
    played in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome by highly scented personal care products and
    cleaning and maintenance products, including highly scented detergents and fabric softeners,
    I'd like to hear their explanations.

    I've had two different experiences with synthetic scents, one of which was with fabric softeners,
    that lead me to my very serious concerns. Our researchers should investigate our modern
    scents and the chemicals used to concoct them for a possible role played in SIDS. See FDA Petition
    Analyses at
    It's not as if the fragrance industry is thoroughly regulated, fergoodnesssakes. See FDA's
    [NON-]Authority Over Cosmetics at

    My sister-in-law tried unsuccessfully to wash out her detergent and fabric softener before my
    using their sheets. She got enough of the contaminants out that when on my back, I could breathe
    and sleep, but on my side breathing was impossible. Fortunately, if I inadvertently rolled to
    my side I was able to wake up and move out of what was for me a suddenly hazardous
    environment. An infant's body is more receptive to toxins -- that knowledge has become available
    regarding synthetic pesticides. Add to that the facts that if scented laundry products are used,
    an infant

    • is likely to be in clothing and on bedding impregnated by fragrances, which
      volatilize chemicals that include neurotoxins;
    • may not have the motor skills to move to a healthier breathing position; and
    • is pretty much trapped by the crib.


    My other adverse fragrance experiences were suffered in doctors' offices. If face down in a
    chiropractor's or acupuncturist's office, I cannot breathe when encountering the toxins left
    by a previous person's perfume. However, while on my back I can breathe fine.

    I have informed the FDA, the EPA and the CPSC (Consumer Products Safety Commission) to no
    avail. Heavens, I've not even gotten a response! One would think our government agencies,
    charged with protecting public health, would be eager to explore suggestions for possible
    causes of SIDS. The non-response leads me to think that our government researchers have no
    information to prove that fragrances cannot cause SIDS. Michael Crichton has said it best:
    "Absence of proof is not proof of absence." So, let's have some meaningful research.
    I can understand not wanting to make parents feel guilty about a devastating loss to SIDS of
    their precious child, but IF there is even a remote connection between our modern synthetic
    chemical consumer products and SIDS isn't there an obligation to make information available?

    IF parents, grandparents, caregivers, et al., were allowed to readily learn of the chemicals used
    to formulate pesticides and fragrances, would they continue to use them when pregnant or
    around other pregnant women?Would they continue to use them around infants and young
    children, ... around other people whose health and well-being may be severely compromised?
    Would they use these products around their beloved pets? (Our fragrance-free and pesticide-
    free pets have lived healthily to remarkably old ages.)

    Can we help prevent crib death by eliminating highly scented detergents and fabric softeners
    from laundry, avoid wearing fragrances, avoid using air "fresheners," avoid using disinfectants?
    How many people know that air "fresheners" can cause ear infections, headaches, depression?
    How many people know that disinfectants are classified as pesticides? If they were advertised
    that way, how many people would be rushing to buy sponges, wipes, sprays, etc to pesticide
    surfaces we always come into contact with? (I have always used baking soda, salt, vinegar and
    lemon juice successfully.) What if people knew of the chemicals used to make synthetic scents . . .
    Maybe, if folks knew the truth . . .  Isn't there supposed to be truth in advertising????

    I'm not saying synthetically scented products are the only cause of SIDS, but for our government
    agencies to not even consider this source of constant toxins is an aberration. And while the
    Back-to-Sleep program is credited with saving lives, it is also seen as the cause of poor upper
    body musculature and flat heads.

    During the past couple of decades, fragrance formulations were changed to waft further (see
    phthalates at and last longer.
    Synthetic scents were added to more products and advertised highly so more people used them
    more places, more times of the day than ever before. Fragrances are made by an unregulated
    industry, which is further protected by trade secret laws. As hard to believe as it may be, the US
    Food and Drug Administration is in effect spineless and toothless when it comes to the
    fragrance industry. The FDA cannot even demand an accounting from the fragrance industry
    of all products people complain about . . . that is strictly a voluntary procedure.

    To me, seeing all of the illnesses assocated with modern synthetically fragranced products is
    akin to the phenomenon recognized with drugs once they've gone from limited testing to the
    wider market . . . you start seeing adverse reactions, even premature deaths. Well, fragrances
    don't go through any testing like drugs do, but they've certainly hit that "wider market" during
    the past couple of decades and we are seeing millions upon millions of people sickened and
    disabled and prematurely dead by the chemicals used to manufacture our modern scents. So
    parents, start your research with EHN's FDA Petition . . . and then decide for yourselves if you
    wish to load up your family with these chemical products. If you choose not to, you can further
    check EHN's site for safer products under the headings, "Clean" and "Consumer Products."
    You'll not only be helping your family, but also untold others who have adverse reactions to
    synthetically scented products with whom you come in contact everyday . . . and you'll be
    saving our fish and wildlife downstream. And, if you are concerned about the inadequately tested
    chemicals used to create synthetic scents, start writing your FDA, EPA, CPSC.

    Synthetic chemical household, janitorial and personal care products are assumed to be safe.They
    are advertised as safe. Synthetic fragrances in them are not tested by any government agency
    before marketing. Fragrances do not carry the FDA prescribed warning label. For
    more on synthetic fragrances, see the FDA Petition.

    There are safer cleaning and personal care consumer products to use. Try them! You may save
    your infants, young children and even adults, many rounds of colds and ear infections . . . and you
    may save their lives. Until all of our consumer products can be proved safe BEFORE marketing,
    Caveat Emptor! -- barb


    The Sierra Club

    Silent Spring Institute
    Researching the environment and women's health

  • Silicon

    Silicon Valley Toxics Coalition (SVTC)

    Also see Saline Implants, above

    • Dr Egilman, Breast Implants & Disease aprox.


    • FDA's Breast Implant page


    • David A. Kessler, M.D


      • Remarks by David A. Kessler, M.D.
        Commissioner of Food and Drugs
        Hastings Lecture; Washington, D.C.; December 10, 1993
        "Let me go on to postmarket surveillance because no premarket review program,
        no matter how well executed, can assure device safety and effectiveness without
        an equally strong program of postmarket surveillance."
        I dare say, the same is very true for synthetic pesticides and fragrances released to market. -- barb


      • Statement on Silicone Gel Breast Implants
        by David A. Kessler, M.D., Commissioner of Food and Drugs
        Washington, D.C., January 6, 1992
        "Good day.
        "Today, I am requesting a moratorium on the further use of all silicone gel
        breast implants until our advisory panel of outside experts can reconvene to
        consider new information on the safety of these devices. The moratorium
        will remain in effect until the FDA can review the advisory panel's new
        recommendation and make a final decision. ..."




      Mary Alice McLarty, Attorney at Law


      "What The Breast Implant Makers Don't Want You To Know

      "Despite spending millions of dollars to portray themselves as defenseless
      "victims," the breast implant makers cannot deny that the real victims here
      are the thousands of women with implants who were deliberately lied to and
      who are now suffering debilitating illnesses.

      The facts are:

      • the manufacturers' own documents reveal a calculated coverup
        and campaign of deceit on the safety of silicone implants;


      • they have refused to comply with the law requiring them to prove
        that implants are safe and effective;


      • women were told that this product would last a lifetime, but the
        rupture rate is extraordinarily high;


      • about 100,000 women have manifested illnesses, with the common
        link being that they all have silicone breast implants; and


      • two recent studies could not disprove the link between silicone implants
        and diseases such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis. The studies failed to ask
        women uniform questions and failed to employ standard laboratory testing.

    • PubMed
      Silicone gel breast implant adverse event reports to the
      Food and Drug Administration, 1984-1995.

      Brown SL, Parmentier CM, Woo EK, Vishnuvajjala RL, Headrick ML.
      Office of Surveillance and Biometrics, Center for Devices and Radiological Health,
      Food and Drug Administration, Rockville, MD 20850, USA.
      PMID: 9847926 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
      " ... CONCLUSIONS: The numbers of mandatory and voluntary reports
      of SGBI-related adverse events increased exponentially, as did the complexity
      of the reports, following publicity over the lack of safety data on breast implants
      and a short voluntary moratorium on their sale. A significant proportion of reports
      lacked information on specific medical symptoms or diagnoses. "


      RAND Health Law Issue Paper
      A Flood of Litigation?
      Predicting the Consequences of Changing Legal Remedies Available to
      ERISA Beneficiaries

      Carole Roan Gresenz, Deborah R. Hensler, David M. Studdert,
      Bonnie Dombey-Moore, Nicholas M. Pace


    • Silicone Gel B reast Implants
      The Report of the Independent Review Group


    Dr. Robert Sinaiko's saga
    Shula Edelkind
    Progress in Medicine
    Medical Defense Fund
    PO Box 1565
    Fontana, CA 92334

  • Raymond Singer, Ph.D., P.A.

    Sjogren's Syndrome
    Also see Rheumatoid Arthritis at


    It is your body's largest organ ... treat it with the respect it deserves! And keep in mind,
    just how wrong the doctors were who thought of the skin as a barrier to chemicals. The
    pharmaceutical industry uses the skin to get drugs into your body -- they call them "patches."
    The fragrance industry makes products that get through your skin and into your body.

    And while the industry and its apologists, including mainstream medical doctors, are quick to
    dismiss the various diseases and illnesses associated with the chemicals used to make our modern
    perfume products, it is acknowledged that fragrances do cause of skin problems.

    Fragrances adversely affect the bodies of nonusers! I did not use fragrances, but my skin would
    break out in acne so quickly from some perfume assaults, it was nearly unbelieveable. Except
    it happened. Repeatedly. I kept a diary of the fragrance assaults, although, I was not often told
    the name of the offending product. When I learned the name, cause and effect were listed.

    Rather than taking medicines for your skin, try going as fragrance-free as possible. Of course,
    that will take the cooperation of others, so you might find yourself in the same bind as those
    of us with MCS. You are told to avoid the very toxic chemicals that are made to waft, to prevade,
    to last on the ambiant air, to be breathed in and absorbed by the bodies of all within respiratory
    range. But if you have acne, eczema, hives, rashes, burning and itching skin, try your
    best to stay away from fragrances used by others, and for you sake, give up all of your products
    that bear the benign-sounding word, "fragrance." It is worth a try. -- barb

    Also see
    Beauty Salons -

    Nails -




      • Natural Solutions for Acne
        Dr. Mercola
        Hmmmm, I didn't notice advice to avoid fragrances, but do give that a try. But, that means
        everyone in your family must avoid using petrochemical-derived fragrance products also. Dealing
        with the public, whether at school, work, healthcare facilities, theaters, etc., of course, makes the
        goal of being fragrance-free problematic. But perhaps you can begin to educate others about
        the harmful effects of fragrances. There are alternatives. People with MCS, like me, use them! -- barb


      Danish Environment's "Perfume Causes Allergies"
      See sections: "Children should keep away from perfume" and
      "Increasing frequency of perfume allergy among eczema patients"


    • Skin and reactions to fragrances and other chemicals
      • Clinician's Photo Guide To Recognizing and Treating Skin Diseases in Women
        Part 1. Dermatoses Not Linked to Pregnancy

        Author: Chee Leok Goh, MD, MRCP, FRCP, FAMS, University of Singapore, National Skin Centre
        Medscape search - If the URL below doesn't work, go to -- barb


      • Deodorants: a clinical provocation study in fragrance-sensitive individuals.
        Johansen JD, Rastogi SC, Bruze M, Andersen KE, Frosch P, Dreier B, Lepoittevin JP, White I, Menne T.
        Department of Dermatology, Gentofte Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. PubMed
        "...12/20 (60%) deodorants elicited eczema on use testing in the axilla. 8/12 deodorants
        were positive in the axilla on day (D) 7 and 4 both in the axilla and on the upper arm. 2
        of the 4 developed a reaction in the axilla before it developed on the upper arm. ..."


      • Eye- and skin symptoms in German office workers --
        subjective perception vs. objective medical screening

        S. Brasche, M. Bullinger, R. Schwab, H. Gebhardt, V. Herzog, W. Bischof "
        International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
        Annecdotal, but true: The first obvious problem I had was "adult onset acne" at an age
        when I should not have had a thought in the world about acne. Interestingly, a medical doctor's
        advice was that I stop drinking soda and eatting chips. When I told him, I couldn't stand soda and
        rarely ate chips, he told me, "That's what my wife always says and yet every night she's sitting
        on the couch with her soda and her chips." And, I replied, I am NOT your wife . . . and my
        mental note was: I am no longer your patient. My chiropractor, on the other hand, said, Barb,
        these outbreaks are a sign that something horrible is going on inside your body. You best get out
        of that workplace. I didn't. Until my body said enough is enough, beyond MCS. Fortunately,
        for me, that meant a benign tumor, not an ovarian mass as origianlly diagnosed. But, I left the
        workplace before I knew I didn't need surgery. Hence my volunteer efforts for EHN. -- barb




      • The Effect of Indoor Foliage Plants on Health and Discomfort Symptoms among Office Workers
        Tove Fjeld, Bo Veiersted, Leiv Sandvik, Geir Riise, Finn Levy


      • More Formaldehyde Facts
        FORMALDEHYDE EFFECTS - "Skin reactions: ...chemical can be both irritating and
        allergy-causing...(EPA). A slight sensation of tiny insects crawling over the eyes, nose
        and pharynx (formication) is felt at 2-3 ppm. (Zurlo N, via OSH, NZ.) Contact with the
        vapour or solution causes skin to become white, rough, hard and anaesthetic due to
        superficial coagulation necrosis. With long exposure, dermatitis and hypersensitivity
        frequently result. "



      • Skin's a Sensitive Topic
        By St. Louis Post-Dispatch
        Scripps Howard News Service
        Overall, this article is well worth reading. That said, I have my common comment: There is not
        a clue that one can suffer "sensitive skin" as a result of fragrancesused BY OTHERS.

        Fragrances include perfume, cologne, toilet water, aftershave and those in personal care products
        such as lotions, hair care products, deodorants; as well as fragrances found in cleaning and
        maintenance products. Even passing a store or laundromat that has scents flowing (volatilizing)
        out to the ambient outdoor air can set off a skin flare-up, as easily as they can trigger asthma.
        Alas, no one listening to or reading industry advertising gets a clue about the hundreds of
        untested chemicals combined to make "fragrance." Nor is there any reference to the fact that the
        chemicals leaving the perfume products used by one, can adversely affect the air for all. But,
        that is the nature of the beast!

        Good points in this article . . . Dr. Jacquelyn Dilworth stated:
        "Many irritants are as close as the kitchen pantry or linen closet and are found in fragrances, nail
        polishes, soaps, fabric softeners and even nickel-based watches, chains and belt buckles.
        Chemicals found in food preservatives, antibiotic ointments and adhesives can also cause problems."

        To that I'd like to add: Remember, the flavor and fragrance industry's products find their way to
        pharmaceuticals. IF your body is adversely reacting to prescribed or over-the-counter medicine,
        the hidden chemicals benignly called "flavor" or "fragrance" may be the culprit. Too often doctors
        don't give this a passing thought, but then, they've had remarkably poor training in the
        subject of environmental health.

        My question is: When will we elect legislators who will listen to the public rather than just to the
        industry? Industry lobbying has done much to keep the public from having the right to know
        via labeling and truth in advertising, while convincing public and officials that fragrance products
        are safe and wholesome. I'd like to see their dictionary!!!!!! -- barb

        OR, via


      • Spring Wind Skin Care Products
        I can use their lip balm, but the product I've relied upon to help heal my instant acne -- pops as
        soon as I've been assaulted by perfumed products -- is the Spring Wind Ointment 2 oz -
        100% Natural ... jar of soothing ointment. It also heals the grandkids diaper rashes. -- barb


      • Sweet Poison: What Your Nose Can't Tell You About The Dangers of Perfume
        Introduction written by Andrea DesJardins
        Look for info on airborne agents causing dermatitis. -- barb


      • What Goes On the Skin, Goes Through the Skin
        By Richard H. Conrad, PhD, Biochemist
        This is an extremely important document, written by Dr. Conrad to the FDA. -- barb

      SLAPP (Strategic Lawsuits Against Public Participation)
      One of the most famous SLAPP suits was against Oprah . . . Beef. -- barb

      • Mad Cowboys
        The Beef Industry Takes Aim at "Food Disparagement"

        Quoting the leading paragraph, found through search of E-Magazine's archives:
          "You said [mad cow disease] could make AIDS look like the common cold?" asked TV talk
          show host Oprah Winfrey. "Absolutely," said her guest, Howard Lyman of the
          Humane Society of the United States (HSUS). "That's an extreme statement, you know,"
          Winfrey said. "Absolutely," Lyman said again. "A hundred thousand cows per year in
          the United States are fine at night, dead in the morning. The majority of those cows
          are rounded up, ground up, fed back to other cows. If only one of them has mad cow
          disease, it has the potential to affect thousands."

      • Industry Attacks on Dissent: From Rachel Carson to Oprah
        "Forty years after the publication of Silent Spring, corporations are still producing
        poisonsãand still trying to keep critics from fighting back."
        BY LAURA ORLANDO; Dollars & Sense magazine; Issue # 240, March-April 2002
        A paragraph I find important in this article is:
        "Trying to Silence Silent Spring
        " Before World War I, about half of the industrial products in the United States were made
        from renewable resources, such as plant-, wood-, and animal-based materials. In the
        1920s and 1930s, oil and chemical companies like Union Carbide, Shell, and Dow
        expanded their interest in petrochemical manufacturing. The petrochemical industry,
        strengthened immensely by World War II, replaced renewable materials with synthetic
        organic compounds made from the by-products of oil and natural gas: for instance,
        synthetic rubber replaced natural rubber, chemical detergents replaced animal-based
        soaps, and polyester replaced cotton. In the 1950s and 1960s, the thriving plastics
        industry accelerated the shift even more. Today, 92% of the materials used for U.S.
        products and production processes are nonrenewable."
        And while fragrances aren't included, they definitely have moved from being made mainly
        from animal and plants to being concocted from petrochemical derivatives. -- barb


      • SLAPP - Strategic Lawsuits Against Public Participation
        California Anti-SLAPP Project - Dedicated to First Amendment Rights

        • Report a SLAPP


        • California Statutes and Cases

          Other States: Statutes and Cases

          "A Legislative History of the Oregon Experience in Limiting SLAPPS
          may be helpful to those in states without an anti-SLAPP statute."
          The URL given via CASP no longer worked, but I found these three PDF files through a
          search of Oregon's site -- I've not looked at them. -- barb

            1. How to Keep the People in Planning
            How to Keep the People in Planning A Legislative History of the Oregon Experience in
            Limiting SLAPPs Table of Contents: Chapter 1 ..
            Page 1 An Introduction to SLAPPs Suits, February 20, 1998 Statement of the Problem in ...
   - March 09, 2001 - 3.1KB

            2. A Legislative History of the Oregon Experience in Limiting SLAPPs
            Editorials and OP/ED Pieces on SLAPPS Includes editorials supporting anti-SLAPP
            legislation from The Oregonian, Statesman Journal,
            Register-Guard, Democrat-Herald and Gazette-Times Prepared in May 1999143 of 179144 of ...
   - March 09, 2001 - 2224.8KB

            3. A Legislative History of the Oregon Experience in Limiting SLAPPs
            News Articles on SLAPPs Prepared in May 1999158 of 179159 of 179160 of 179161 of
            179162 of 179163 of 179164 of 179165 of 179166 of 179167
            of 179168 of 179169 of 179170 of 179 171 of 179172 of 179173 of 179
   - March 09, 2001 - 2056.2KB


    • Slide Ranch
      On the coast, north of San Francisco, Marin County California -- a great program . . . -- barb


      Also see EHN's section on Fertilizers


    • Bruce M. Small, P.Eng.

      Smell and Taste

      Also see Odors at

      A former colleague, who generally was "fragrance-free" wore a lightly scented lotion containing
      pheromones to help her feel better about reaching 40. Well, she may have felt better, but she
      got me at 30 paces, as soon as she opened the door to my office -- and my back was to the door as
      she entered. -- barb


      How to Cope with Reduced Sense of Smell
      by the staff of UCSD's Health Science Communications department

    • The Chemistry of Smell


    • Garlic bread adds a breath of fresh air to dinner conversation
      By Jerry Zezima / Special to the Stamford Advocate
      The Detroit News


    • Intrinsic Signal Imaging (ISI) - Mapping the Sense of Smell
      Dr. Bruce's Week of September 6, 1999 Topic


    • Monell Chemical Senses Center
      "The Monell Chemical Senses Center was established in 1968 as the world's first scientific
      institute for multidisciplinary research on taste, smell, and chemosensory irritation. "

    • Olfactory Research Fund


    • New applications for old technology [Scent as evidence]
      By Bill Clede


    • Primer on Smell , A
      By Elise Hancock

    • The Science of Sniff and Smell: Watching the Brain Detect an Odor

    • Scientists Can Now See Sense Of Smell
      Source: Duke University (; Date: Posted 7/22/1999


    • Sense of Smell Institute
      Annette Green
      President, The Fragrance Foundation




      • 9th Annual National Sense of Smell Day
        This year on April 27, 2002, 10 children's museums and science centers
        across the nation participated in a one-day salute to the olfactory sense,
        sponsored by the Sense of Smell Institute.
        Over the years, no amount of information could persude Lawrence Hall of Science,
        Berkeley, CA to withdraw. One year the Smell Day was written up in the local paper and kids
        were quoted as saying they felt dizzy or sick to their stomachs. That's when I tried launching my
        own little educational campaign, even taking the time and energy to meet with a member of
        the museum. Obviously to little or no avail . . . -- barb


    • Smell (Olfaction)
      Neuroscience for Kids; Eric H. Chudler, Ph.D.


    • Smell and Taste
      National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders
      National Institutes of Health


    • Smell and Taste Disorders (Chemosensory Disorders)


    • Smell & Taste Treatment and Research Foundation in Chicago
      Dr. Alan Hirsch, M.D. F.A.C.P
      This link seems to function properly. -- barb


      SMILIES AND EMOTICONS: How to Show Your Emotions on the Internet
      Note: opens new page, close it and you'll return to this spot on this page of EHN's site. -- barb



      • California Air Resources Board (CARB)


        • Anti-Smog Standards for More Household Products
          Press Release, January 9,1992


        • Cleaning Up the Air
          "The Air Resources Board (ARB) is California's air pollution control agency. Our job
          is to clean up the state's air. The ARB provides funding for research projects, sets air
          quality standards, monitors levels of various air pollutants, and sets and enforces
          regulations to reduce air pollution. The ARB focuses on reducing air pollution
          emissions from cars and trucks, fuels, and consumer products; and emissions of
          toxic air contaminants. The ARB also works with the local air pollution control
          districts (APCDs) to reduce air pollution from stationary sources such as factories
          and power plants."


      • Chemicals in Home a Big Smog Source
        GARY POLAKOVIC / LA Times 9mar03
        "Cleansers, cosmetics and other products pump 100 tons of pollutants daily into
        the Southland's air, ranking second to tailpipe emissions, studies show.

        "Ordinary household products such as cleansers, cosmetics and paints are now the
        Los Angeles region's second-leading source of air pollution, after auto tailpipe
        emissions, air quality officials say. ..."


      • Consumer Products, VOCs, Ozone and Smog
        By Barb Wilkie
        Information appearing in The New Reactor, Vol 10, No. 0: Jan.-Feb. 2000


      Also see EHN's section on Tobacco


      Dad smoked.

      My father had his lower jaw removed, along with 2/3 of his tongue, the glands in his neck and his
      top rib due to cancer at age 60, in 1962. He had been a handsome man. He lived with the effects
      of that dreadful surgery for seven years, during which time he taught himself to speak again and
      returned to his practice of chiropractic. Dad died in August 1969 three weeks before his
      67th birthday from the effects of a stroke . . . also a smoking-related risk.

      My father-in-law, also a smoker, also developed cancer of the jaw -- the side opposite my father's.
      He underwent his surgery nearly five years after my father had his. My father-in-law's cancer
      spread to his lungs and he died in August 1968, 11 months following surgery. If you take time
      zones into consideration, it was to become a year to the day before my father died.

      My mother developed cancer of the larynx, coming on with a sudden and then lasting case of
      laryngitis in May 1975. In January 1976 she had a biopsy taken, which confirmed her illness. She
      refused surgery having experienced my father's plight with him. She did take cobalt treatments
      and continued working until the day after Labor Day, 1976. She died Sept. 30, three weeks
      before her 63rd birthday.

      My mother-in-law never really smoked, although in the early years used to fancy herself an
      after dinner smoker. She never inhaled, and blinked at the smoke a lot -- the effect of her smoking
      was not fancy in the least, but it may have saved her. She finally gave up that activity upon the
      death of her husband. She lived a rather long, relatively healthy life, dying just five days before
      her 98th birthday in 1998. She suffered a broken hip in October 1998 and, while she survived
      the surgery, she could not win the battle against congestive heart failure and pneumonia.

      Between my hubby and me, one out of four parents lived a rather long, healthy life. That one out of
      four was never a real smoker. Surgery for oral cancers are disfiguring, to say the very least.
      Think twice before putting that tobacco product in your mouth.The health,
      looks and life you save, may be your own. -- barb


      SNIFF (Safe Notification and Information for Fragrances Act)


      SNIFF is the brain child of Lynn Lawson, who, along with her husband, met and worked
      with her representative, Jan Schakowsky (D IL). Bless Representative Schakowsky
      for she is very interested in accurately labeling consumer products. It's a matter of
      consuer awareness and health. Don'tcha know.

      SNIFF was first introduced in the 106th Congress, second session, as H. R. 5238. It seeks
      correct labeling on fragrances released to market, to wit:

        "To amend the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act to require that
        fragrances containing known toxic substances or allergens be labeled accordingly."

      You can find its history by a title search of the 106th and 107 Congresses via Thomas.

      SNIFF bills as they appear on Thomas.

      106th CONGRESS, 2d Session: H. R. 5238

      To amend the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act to require that fragrances containing
      known toxic substances or allergens be labeled accordingly.



      September 21, 2000

      Ms. SCHAKOWSKY introduced the following bill; which was referred to the
      Committee on Commerce

      A BILL

      To amend the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act to require that fragrances containing
      known toxic substances or allergens be labeled accordingly.

        Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,



        This Act may be cited as the `Safe Notification and Information for Fragrances Act' .


        Section 602 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 362) is amended by
        adding at the end the following:

        `(g) If it is a fragrance that contains a known toxic substance, unless it bears labeling
        stating that fact and the common or usual name of such substance.

        `(h) If it is a fragrance that contains a known allergen, unless it bears labeling stating
        that fact and the common or usual name of such allergen, or the name specified in any
        definition and standard of identity for the allergen under section 401, as applicable.'.

      COSPONSORS(1), ...

      Rep Berkley, Shelley [NV-1] - 10/5/2000




      September 21, 2000

      Ms. SCHAKOWSKY introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee
      on Commerce

      107th Congress, H. R. 1947 --

      To amend the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act to require that fragrances containing
      known toxic substances or allergens be labeled accordingly.

      May 22, 2001

      Ms. SCHAKOWSKY (for herself, and Ms. BERKLEY) introduced the following bill; which
      was referred to the Committee on Energy and Commerce

      A BILL

      To amend the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act to require that fragrances containing
      known toxic substances or allergens be labeled accordingly. ...

      [ My eyes tell me it is the same as above text for HR 5238. But please, don't take
      my word for it. Check it out for yourself via Thomas.]

      Title: To amend the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act to require that
      fragrances containing known toxic substances or allergens be labeled accordingly.
      Sponsor: Rep Schakowsky, Janice D. [IL-9] (introduced 5/22/2001) Cosponsors (2)
      Latest Major Action: 6/1/2001 Referred to House subcommittee. Status: Referred
      to the Subcommittee on Health.

      Rep Berkley, Shelley [NV-1] - 5/22/2001
      Rep Fattah, Chaka [PA-2] - 7/18/2001

      Please try to work with your representative in support of this bill
      -- perhaps becoming a co-sponsor. Also, contact your state's senators to get a similar bill
      introduced in the Senate.

      Nov. 2002 -- SNIFF awaiting re-introduction into the 108th Congress following January 2003.

      Well, that did not come to pass, but then our current Congress isn't all that interested in consumers' rights and health. At least to my observations.

      But when SNIFF is reintroduced -- hope as well as efforts to allow consumers the right to know continue -- please encourage your representative to support and even co-sponsor this bill. As time goes on, the people surviving the devastating events of September 11, 2001 will begin to realize they are suffering adverse reactions when in the presence of fragrances. They will not think of perfume and other scented products as petrochemical concoctions, but that is what they are. And because they are hydrocarbons, they adversely affect health. Of users and nonusers. Eventually leading to other devastating health conditions. IF only the medical industry were not so tied up with the pharmaceutical industry who also often makes fragrances. IF only.

      It is past time due for clearer labeling of fragrances and cosmetics. EHN's FDA Citizens' Petition is an attempt to get the FDA to examine the adverse effects of fragrances upon not only users, but others who encounter the noxious vapor trails. The idea behind the petition is to get the FDA to do the one thing in its power as an "authority" over cosmetics -- at a minimum, require its warning message on all fragrances released to market without adequate testing.

      But the FDA continues to ignore Citizens' Petition 99P-1340. It seems it will take an "act of Congress" to make changes to the FDA labeling requirements to protect public health, not the petrochemical/pharmaceutical/flavors and fragrance industry. Something must be done in an attempt -- if not to protect public health, then to at the very least -- to allow the consumer the right to make informed decisions BEFORE making their purchases.

      SNIFF is too important for you and your representatives to ignore. Please write! And while in the writing mood, let the FDA know about your adverse reactions to synthetic scents and why they should require their warning. -- barb (end July . . . early September 2003 . . . Still waiting Fall 2005)

      When the bill is reintroduced, please spend a little extra energy to write to your representative and ask her/him to co-sponsor Rep. Jan Schakowsky's bill HR xxxx, Safe Notification and Information for Fragrances Act (SNIFF), first introduced in the House, May 22, 2001. (SNIFF has been co-sponsored by Rep. Shelley Berkley (D NV) and by Rep. Chaka Fattah (D-PA).) Remember: Ask your state's senators to introduce a similar bill in the Senate.

      Rep. Shelley Berkley (D NV):

      Rep. Chaka Fattah (D-PA):

      SNIFF seeks correct labeling on fragrances released to market --

      "To amend the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act to require that fragrances containing known toxic substances or allergens be labeled accordingly."

      You can read the bill and follow its progress through
      THOMAS Legislative Information on the Internet
      at For the 107th Congress, key in HR 1947 in the box labeled "By Bill Number" and click the search button.

      To get contact info for your representative or senators, visit EHN's Write Now at, or the House at and the Senate at

      It was considered better to write your representatives via snail mail ... too much spam on the net. Their mailing addresses can be found via the links above. However, as a result of anthrax-contaminated mail, you may wish to write to your representative's local office, or fax your letter encouraging their support. Of course, you can always try to contact them via email.

      To find historical information on Safe Notification and Information for Fragrances Act (SNIFF), go into Thomas and the info on the 106th Congress at Then, under "word/phrase," you can key in "fragrance" -- without quotes and click search OR at "Bill/Amendment No.:" enter "hr 5238" or "H.R. 5238" --
      again, without quotes -- and click search.

      More info on SNIFF available from the sites of Betty Bridges, RN and Lynn Lawson

      Why do we need better labeling? See EHN's FDA Petition, Docket 99P - 1340. You can learn about the chemicals found in popular brands of perfumes in 1999, read complementary information, and get contact information. Then you can add your comments in support of FDA Docket 99P - 1340. All you have to do is write a letter or a note to the FDA. We also have sample letters available, which you may copy or edit to suit your own needs. But please write requesting clearer labeling. And, if you suffer from fragrance sensitization, tell it to the FDA! They need to hear from YOU.

      To see chemicals in a popular scent that appear on the EPA's Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory and on the Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS), go to the Analysis Summary of Calvin Klein's Eternity and look at the right-hand column.

      July 10, 2002 -- Not Too Pretty report that analyzed perfumes and other cosmetics for phthatlates which are commonly found in synthetic fragrances. This is a MUST read!

      Aug. 15, 2002 -- Labeling Cosmetics May Help Prevent Cancers
      "CHICAGO, Illinois, August 15, 2002 (ENS) - It's a right to know issue. Women who are sensitive to chemicals should have the benefit of warning labels on their cosmetics identifying those chemicals, say six environmental groups and Samuel S. Epstein, M.D., chairman of the Cancer Prevention Coalition.

      "One of the groups, the Environmental Health Network of California, is petitioning the U.S. Food and Drug Administration asking for warning labels on cosmetics [fragrances] to identify allergens and hazardous substances contained in the hair spray, deodorant, nail polish and perfume that many women use every day. ..."

      Also see Dr. Epstein's press release:
      Groups Call for Labeling of Cosmetics and Toiletries,
      Citing Cancer and Other Health Risks,02.html

      Health Care Without Harm's The Issue
      "Despite their role as places that promote health and
      healing, hospitals and other health care institutions use a
      surprising number of highly toxic chemicals on their
      premises, including pesticides, cleaners and disinfectants,
      and fragrance chemicals. These volatile organic compounds
      (VOCs) contribute to poor overall indoor air quality (IAQ)
      and are associated with a host of health problems. ..."


        NOTE: Several people are working together as members of the Health Affected Workers (HAW) group. Our energies are directed toward the issues of lessening pesticide and fragrance pollution in hospitals and healthcare facilities. To support our efforts, which includes conference calls, and plans for report publishing, please donate by sending your checks marked, HAW: Pesticides, Fragrances & Cleaners to:
           Health Care Without Harm
           1755 "S" St., NW, Suite 6B
           Washington, DC 20009

        Just remember: Every little bit helps. Thank you! -- barb

      Sniff, What¼s that Odor? Researchers Watch the Brain Smell - Urban Legends and Quotes


      Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS)
      Sound Science
      I cringe when I hear "sound science" as much as I cringe when I hear air "freshener."
      Sound science means you are having the wool pulled over your eyes. That isn't how it should be,
      but it is. The phrase has been corupted by the corporations. -- barb
      Sperm - Male Fertility / Infertility

      Spider Bites

      The (S.P.O.T.) -- Tampon Health Website,


      Stanford Online
      New evidence connects nausea to sense of smell "Based on data from a pilot study, Stanford researchers
      hypothesize that the "morning sickness" many women experience
      during pregnancy may be connected to a heightened sense of smell.

      Taste and Smell Center at the University of Connecticut Health Center
      "There are actually three 'chemosensory' systems in the nose and mouth. The first, olfaction, is the ability to detect and identify odors. The second is gustation or taste. Taste function is limited to detection and identification of sweet, sour, salty, and bitter substances in the mouth. The third sense, the 'common chemical sense', is the ability to detect the irritating properties of substances in the mouth and odors in the nose. Through the common chemical sense, we perceive the burn of chili pepper and the tingle of ammonia. "

      -- end Smell --


      Soil Ecology Solar

      • Adverse Reproductive and Developmental Health Effects Where Used ...
        Greater Boston Physicians for Social Responsibility
        PDF file -- view with Adobe Acrobat. -- barb

      • Agilent Technologies


      • ChemTech
        March 1997; CHEMTECH 1997, 27(3), 58-62. Copyright © 1997 by the American Chemical Society.
      • Flavors and fragrances: The chemistry challenges
        A truly multidisciplinary approach is needed to provide consumers with the performance
        they expect while continuing to meet the regulatory challenges of the industry.
        William L. Schreiber; Lewis G. Scharpf, Jr.; Ira Katz


      • Children's Environmental Health Project
        Spontaneous Abortion, Stillbirth Rates

        "It is difficult to link spontaneous abortion and stillbirths directly
        to a specific environmental exposure since women often may
        not realize they are pregnant at critical developmental periods
        when they might be exposed.


      • Eastman
        Eastman produces a variety of raw materials that may be used as solvents in the fragrance industry.


      • The Lebermuth Company's Q&A section
        Q: Do the dyes on the decorative botanicals bleed when fragrances are added to them?
        A: Most fragrances when applied onto Lebermuth dyed decorative botanicals will not cause the dyes to bleed or run. However, some fragrances are formulated with very strong solvents. Fragrances that use these solvents can cause dyes to bleed. We strongly recommend you test every potpourri blend you create. Apply the fragrance chosen for your blend, onto the botanicals, to be certain no dye bleeding occurs.


      • Health Effects of Selected Solvents: Questions & Answers
        (Courtesy, for the most part, of the New Jersey Dept. of Health and Senior Services)


        Canadian Health Network


      • National Center for Manufacturing Sciences
        "... SOLV-DB, your one-stop source for solvents data"


        "NIOSH (USA) stated in 1987 in their Current Intelligence Bulletin that aldehydes are solvents: „Common organic solvents are classified as aliphatic hydrocarbons, cyclic hydrocarbons, aromatic hydrocarbons, halogenated hydrocarbons, ketones, amines, alcohols, aldehydes, and ethers¾. "In correspondence with New Zealand¼s Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) Professor Gorman, Health Science Centre, University of Auckland, accepts that glutaraldehyde is a solvent under Axelson and Hogstedt¼s definition. Dr Monigatti (ACC Workwise, NZ) states: „We accept glutaraldehyde has solvent-like properties. If chronic solvent exposure can cause these sorts of things then we accept that glutaraldehyde can cause [solvent toxicity] as well....(Safeguard Update, No 96, 20 April, 1998). "NIOSH (1987) states: 'Epidemiologic studies of various groups of
        solvent-exposed workers have demonstrated statistically significant
        chronic changes in peripheral nerve function (sensory and motor nerve
        conduction velocities and electromyographicabnormalities) that persisted
        for months to years following cessation of exposure. Epidemiologic studies
        have also shown statistically significant increases in neurobehavioural effects
        in workers chronically exposed to organic solvents. These effects include
        disorders characterised by reversible subjective symptoms (fatigability,
        irritability, and memory impairment), sustained changes in personality or
        mind (emotional instability and diminished impulse control and motivation),
        and impaired intellectual function (decreased concentration ability, memory,
        and learning ability). Among organic solvent abusers, the most severe disorders
        reported are characterised by irreversible deterioration in intellect and memory...
        accompanied by structural CNS damage.' ..."

        "...Solvent extraction"
        From The Sense of Smell
        "The most important extraction technique nowadays is simple solvent extraction. A
        variety of solvents are suitable; for example: petroleum ether, propanone, hexane and
        ethyl ethanoate. The odorous chemicals are more soluble in these solvents than in the
        watery material of the plant source. The product of solvent extraction is called a concrete
        or resinoid. An absolute is produced when materials are extracted further from a
        concrete using ethanol. The concrete can also be distilled to give an essential oil. ...:


        Nirvana Safe Haven


      • Solvents: health effects
        Total Environment Centre


      • Support Network for the Aldehyde and Solvent Affected - SNFTAAS


      Sonoma State University

      Spondyloepiphyseal Dysplasia (SED) and Spondylometaphyseal Dysplasia (SMD)


    • SPAM - Fight Spam on the Internet

      Spritzing Fragrance and Pesticide dispensers -- Air Polluters!
      See EHN's --


      Automatic dispensing units


      Let me caution you . . . Many government sites that publish information with recent upload
      dates, use old data as if it were the latest available at the time of publishing. And they often bury
      the true dates. For instance, I've found too many cases of supposedly well-researched
      documents in which asthma is stated as affecting 14.5 million Americans. That was a figure from
      sometime back in the mid 1990s! Today's figures are over 17 million Americans and I've often
      seen 17.3 million. (Spring 2000)

      My guess is that until the Powers That Be start recognizing the fact that synthetic fragrances are
      not benign products, that they are at the very least irritants and sensitizers, and even contain
      known or suspected neurotoxins, carcinogens and teratogens (adversely affect fetal
      development), asthma and other environmental illness rates are going to continue to soar.

      Of course, the chemical industry is in a position to make one sick and then provide medicine so
      one can cope with chronic illness . . . but only for just so long. Once you go into Multiple
      Chemical Sensitivity (MCS), you'll find that very often your body also reacts to drugs . . .
      some of the very ones that at one time had made you feel somewhat better. And then you will
      find that you will do much better leading as "drug free" and fragrance-free existance as possible.
      However, you could get cancer . . . there's bigger money to be made in treatment than prevention.

      This is not just the wisdom of the barb, but recognized by The AMERICAN ACADEMY OF
      ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE in the U.S., Canada, Australia and England

      CANADA leads the way on recognizing MCS as a disability!
      Government and Medical Science Finally Recognize Crippling Effects of MCS
      By Helke Ferrie; Vitality Magazine; October 2003
      "... In 2001 the Ottawa based Environmental Illness Society of Canada commissioned the
      first socio-economic study of MCS. This showed that about four million Canadians
      are chemically sensitive, about 500,000 severely so. Some 5,000 are relatively disabled as
      a result and roughly 50 to 60 people are forced to seek assistance such as federal pension
      benefits. Among the most severe cases about 60% attempt suicide. This illness costs
      $10 billion in lost productivity, about $1 billion in lost taxes and another $1 billion in
      avoidable health costs. ..."

        The chemcial industry can lead the song and dance against those with MCS for only so long
        and then the public AND THE ECONOMY begins paying the piper. -- barb

      National Center for Health Ststistics
      FastStats A to Z
      As of August 2002, there figures now reflect stats from 1998 - 2000. -- barb

      1999 - 2000: Not only do too many of their stats relate 1996 figures (we are now at the end of Y2K!),
      they don't even realize ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH is an indoor problem, too.
      In fact, they have a link to the EPA, but don't inform that the EPA declares that indoor air
      is more polluted than outdoor air AND we spend upwards of 90 percent of our time indoors.
      August 2002, they now have an EI category! Of course, they still look out of doors for the cause
      of Environmental Illness . . . guess they haven't heard that the EPA states we spend about
      90 percent of our time indoors. When, oh when, will our government agencies start working
      TOGETHER? Of course, the fragmentation benefits industry, already protected by trade secret
      laws and self regulation. Another thought, am I the only one taken by the fact that the CDC
      conveniently leaves out the important word in its title? PREVENTION! It really is the
      Centers for Disease Control and Prevention -- barb


      • AAAAI - Highlights of the 1999 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of
        Allergy Asthma and Immmunology

        Philip S. Norman, M.D.
        "Asthma/rhinicis patients frequently complain of symptoms following exposure to
        ftagrances. This study assessed respiratory symptoms in subjects who report sensitivity
        to fragrance. A preliminary questionnaire was administered to 145 arergiclasthmafic
        adults to assess asthma status, fragrance-induced symptoms, and identification of
        fragrance brands which elicit symptoms. 125/145 (86%) individuals were asthmatic
        (81% female and 19% male); 87% reported symptoms upon fragrance exposure. Upper
        respiratory symptoms were the most frequently reported (81 %), followed by
        shortness of breath with wheezing (77%), conjunctivitis (62%), eczema (30%), and hives
        (22%). Fifty- eight percent indicated they were allergic to fragrance; the top eight
        reported fragrances by asthmatics were White Diamonds, Red, Giorgio, Old Spice,
        Charlie, Poison, Navy and Red Door. Fifteen asthmatics (14 females and I male) were
        challenged in an inhalation chamber with White Diamonds (IOx - 50,000x odor threshold
        atmosphere) for up to 120 minutes. The % change in FEV, at maximal fragrance
        concentration ranged from +12.1 to -11.5. The mean decrease in FEV, (from baseline)
        was 4.8%. No subject had a positive (20% or greater decline in FEVI) challenge. During
        exposure, subjective symptoms were scored every 30 minutes (from none to severe)
        by the subject; a two-step or greater increase from baseline was considered significant.
        For the 7/15 subjects challenged at the 50,000 concentration, 5/7 (71.4%) subjects
        reported a significant increase to one or more symptoms: odor (57.1%), nasal (28.6%),
        ocular (42.9%), throat (42.9%), chest (42.9%), annoyance (71.4%), and overall acceptability
        (42.9%).These results suggest that symptoms reported by asthmatics following
        exposure to fragrances are more likely due to their effect on the upper airways.


      • Acute toxic effects of fragrance products.
        Author/s: Rosalind C. Anderson, Julius H. Anderson
        Issue: March-April, 1998


      • Allergy Statistics - January 2002
        National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.
        NIAID is a component of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).


      • Asthma
        As the flavors and fragrance industry is highly protected by trade secret laws, self regulation
        and fragmentation of what little government authority may exist, I suggest people start doing
        their own research. Notice if you come in contact with scented products, do you find your throat
        becoming soar, you get a headache, your voice changes, you get the telltale signs of an asthma
        attack, or you go immediately into a dangerous, life-threatening asthmatic attack. IF any of
        those symptoms are one with your body, stop using scented products. FRAGRANCE-FREE
        alternatives do exist. And then, try to get your workplace to go fragrance free. Ask your store
        manager to carry more fragrance-free products. Do something! No one else can do it for you! -- barb

        • Asthma "crisis" for Black Americans
          Janice Hopkins Tanne / British Medical Journal 11aug01
          Note, there is not a word about triggers, just the staggering statistics.


        • Asthma is highest in peoples TARGETED by fragrance industry
          Why don't our government agencies and major health organizations explore the Fragrance
          Connection? In the meantime, any person in any household can simply try to eliminate the use of
          synthetic fragrances from his/her daily life. Of course, one is always subjected to the
          outgassing (volatilizing) of synthetic scents used by others. Please notice if your child has an
          asthmatic attack if you use your perfume, hair gel, or other scented products. Start keeping a
          journal. Of course, asthma can also be "delayed onset." I used to awaken with asthma at 4 or so
          in the morning, feeling as if I were drowning. Not because of dustmites . . . believe me, my
          dustmites still live. But I was subjected to fragrances used by others and that would cause the
          the inflamation, mucous build up, and eventually, the asthma. Of course, I also suffered immediate
          and severe asthmatic reactions to some fragrances and scented products used by others.
          I know asthma both ways. I am no longer gainfully employed, but not having a pay check also
          means I don't have asthma. And therein lies the fact that to wear fragrances and to use
          fragrance in a pupblic venue, means it is a public health issue, not one of just "personal" choice. -- barb

          • African-American Women
            Business & Industry Database
            "Study finds African-American women as a group are more than twice as likely as
            women of other races to buy fragrances Original Title: Ethnic Fragrance Market
            Source: Chemical Marketing Reporter, VOL:251, ISS:22, PG:25, June 02, 1997.
            ISSN: 0090-0907


          • Hispanic Women
            "Business & Industry Database
            "Survey finds US Hispanic women spend 43% more on fragrance products and 27% more
            on makeup than the average American woman Original Title: COSMETICS MAKERS
            TARGETING HISPANIC MARKET Source: Miami Herald (FL), PG:N/A, March 03, 1997.
            ISSN: 0898-865X Document Type: Regional NewspaperPublication Country:
            United States Language: EnglishRecord Type: Fulltext, Abstract Word Count: 849




          • Asthma Statistics - ASTHMA AT A GLANCE
            Resource list brought to you by AANMA
            "20.3 million Americans reported having asthma in 2001" . . . CDC


          • In Pursuit of Pretty: Teen Girls Going Wild For Cosmetics
            Liz Doup / Sun-Sentinel (South Florida) 3dec00
            If you think children and teens aren't targeted by the industry, read this. Would it were I
            could address a comment to "Robert Butterworth, a child psychologist who consults for TEEN
            magazine's Ask a Guy column," regarding the last line in this article: " 'The bottom line is,
            parents went through this themselves,' says Butterworth, the father of a teen. 'And they know
            this, too, shall pass.'" Most parents didn't have the onsluaght of all the toxins that are now in
            products used by their children. What lies ahead when their children want to have children? -- barb


          • Revlon reviving Charlie fragrance in United Kingdom
            " NEW YORK - May 21 - Charlie is back. The Revlon fragrance, first introduced in
            the 1970s, is being revived in the United Kingdom, the company announced. But
            this time, it will target teens. ..." -- DrugStore News


            Wednesday, March 14
            8:30 a.m. Breakfast Buffet
            9:00 a.m. Presentation
            Conference Centre at The Fragrance Foundation


            or [PDF]


          • 'Making Scents of Teens & Fragrance'

            Danish Environment's "Perfume Causes Allergies"
            See sections: "Children should keep away from perfume" and
            "Increasing frequency of perfume allergy among eczema patients"



        • African-American Women
          Business & Industry Database
          "Study finds African-American women as a group are more than twice as likely as
          women of other races to buy fragrances Original Title: Ethnic Fragrance Market
          Source: Chemical Marketing Reporter, VOL:251, ISS:22, PG:25, June 02, 1997.
          ISSN: 0090-0907


        • ALA - American Lung Association
          " More than 17 million Americans suffer from asthma, which is the seventh-ranking
          chronic condition in America. " © 2000 American Lung Association.


        • Asthma and Allergy Statistics
          "In 1994, the estimated number of people with self-reported asthma in the United States
          was 14.6 million. The estimate for 1998 has risen to 17 million.[1,2,3] " -NIAID

          "NIAID [National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases], a component of
          the National Institutes of Health (NIH), supports research on AIDS, tuberculosis and
          other infectious diseases as well as allergies and immunology. NIH is an agency of
          the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services."


        • Asthma Cases on the Rise
          Experts Think the Growing Problem Has Many Causes
          By Jeanie Davis; WebMD Medical News
          But ther's no mention of the toxins in fragrances in commonly used personal care and
          cleaning/maintenance products! It is past time due to look at that blinding flash of the obvious-- barb



        • Asthma, get the Triggers out of your Home and School
          "Asthma is the most common lung disease associated with indoor pollutants. ..."


        • BRONCHIAL ASTHMA -- The Scale of the Problem
          WHO -- World Health Organization

        • Children - Asthma¼s Impact on Children And Adolescents


        • Hispanic Women
          "Business & Industry Database
          "Survey finds US Hispanic women spend 43% more on fragrance products and 27% more
          on makeup than the average American woman Original Title: COSMETICS MAKERS
          TARGETING HISPANIC MARKET Source: Miami Herald (FL), PG:N/A, March 03, 1997.
          ISSN: 0898-865X Document Type: Regional NewspaperPublication Country:
          United States Language: EnglishRecord Type: Fulltext, Abstract Word Count: 849

      • Cancer: survival rates - U.K.
        BBC - Friday, 17 March, 2000, 21:10 GMT


      • Candles
        For more info, see EHN's Candles at


      • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
        I find it exceedingly frustrating that CDC does not put up more current figures. Why are they
        showing as much as five year lags? Because the cases have skyrocketed? Thinking people may
        wonder if superfluous toxins in commonly and unwittingly used synthetic fragrances and
        pesticides (which are scented so you don't object to inhaling the couple of toxins you are allowed to
        know about ... others being hidden in the fragrances and by the misleading word, "inert." -- barb
        • Fast Stats - home


        • Allergies/Hay Fever


        • Arthritis (All figures are for U.S.)
          "Over 33 million Americans have Arthritis (1996)"


        • Asthma (All figures are for U.S.)
          "There were 5,438 deaths from Asthma (1998)
          "Source: National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 48, No.11
          " Nearly 14.5 million Americans have Asthma (1996)"
          2/01: Folks, this number is up to at least 17.3 million ... check American Lung Association. -- barb


        • Bronchitis (All figures are for U.S.)
          "There are approximately 3,000 deaths from Bronchitis in the U.S. each year (1998)
          " Source: NVSR Vol. 48, Number 11
          "Over 14 million cases of Chronic Bronchitis are reported annually (1996)"


        • Cancer (All figures are for U.S.)
          "Deaths Annually: 541,532 (1998)"


        • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (All figures are for U.S.)
          "Deaths Annually: 112,584 (1998)
          "Cases of Bronchitis Reported Annually: 14 .2 million (1996)
          "Cases of Emphysema Reported Annually: 2 million (1996)
          "Cases of Asthma Reported Annually: 14.5 million (1996)
          "Source: Vital and Health Statistics Series 10, No. 200"


        • Chronic Sinusitis (All figures are for U.S.)
          " Number of Cases of Chronic Sinusitis Reported Annually: 33 million (1996)"
          Five, count 'em, FIVE YEAES ago, folks. I'll bet there are many more cases in 2001. -- barb
              From: NCHSED
              To: "''"
              Subject: FW: Data posted to form 1 of
              Date: Tue, 6 Mar 2001 14:48:40 -0500

              Thank you for your inquiry. At the present time, the 1996 data on
              prevalence of chronic conditions is the latest we have. We anticipate
              releasing the 1997 data sometime in late spring to early summer.


        • Disabilities/Impairments (All figures are for U.S.)
          " Approximately 7.4 million Americans use Assistive Technology Devices
          "(ATDs) to accommodate mobility impairments (1994)
          "Approximately 4.6 million Americans use ATDs to accommodate orthopedic impairments (1994)
          "Approximately 4.5 million Americans use ATDs to accommodate hearing impairments (1994)
          " Approximately 500,000 Americans use ATDs to accommodate vision impairments (1994)
          "Source: Advance Data 292
          "Over 8 million Americans have visual impairments (1996)
          "Nearly 3 million Americans are color blind (1996)
          "Over 700,000 Americans have Cataracts (1996)
          "Nearly 3 million Americans have Glaucoma (1996)
          "Approximately 22 million Americans are hearing-impaired (1996)
          "Almost 2.7 million Americans have speech impairments (1996)
          "Source: Vital and Health Statistics Series 10, No. 200"
          To put this in perspective, in California alone, 15.9 percent of the population is sensitive to
          chemicals, while 6.3 percent have been diagnosed MCS. California's population,
          1999 = 33,145,121. That's over 2 million in just the state of California diagnosed MCS by astute doctors. -- barb
 -- barb


          Danish EPA
          Perfume Causes Allergy


        • Emphysema (All figures are for U.S.)
          There are over 17,555 deaths from Emphysema in the United States each year (1998)
          " Source: National Vital Statistics Reports, Vo1. 48, No. 11
          "Over 1 million Americans have Emphysema (1996)"


        • Environmental Health (All figures are for U.S.)
          "Percent of Persons in Counties Meeting Air Quality Standards, All Pollutants: 81.3% (1996)"
          All of the stats given under Environmental Health are for outdoors, even though the US EPA
          has determined that INDOOR air is 2 - 5 times worse than outdoor air, and can be as much as
          1,000 times worse depending upon the project. I believe that CDC better take into account the
          superfluous toxins in synthetic fragrances and pesticides which are polluting our INDOOR
          air. NIEHS acknowledges them as volatile organic compounds. -- barb


        • Occupational Health (All figures are for U.S.)
          Number of Work-Loss Days Related to Acute Conditions: 358 million (1996)


      • Chemical Market Reporter
        On the positive side with cationic surfactants.
        (includes related articles)(Focus: Soaps & Detergents 98)
        Author/s: Dan Scheraga; Jan 26, 1998
        " ... Fabric softeners are the largest use for cationic surfactants, accounting for 23 percent
        of global cationic consumption ..."


      • Children Targeted! by Fragrance Industry
        For other fragrance industry targeted populations, see Asthma is highest in peoples
        TARGETED by fragrance industry, above. -- barb

          12/2/00 -- Now there's proof positive that our children are being targeted by the fragrance
          industry. See Fragrance Foundation's Events for 2000-2001. Scroll down to
          March 2001.

          This site is set up in frames. It is likely to beam up on, "Holiday '99: Malicious Lies &
          Tantalizing Truths - The Fragrance Foundation and the New York Times invite you
          to the first meeting of the New Millennium,"
          so click on "Back to Events" and then
          click on "Fragrance Foundation's Events for 2000-2001."

          By the way, if you ever have wondered why the truth about the toxicity of fragrances is not
          readily available through the mainstream media, this should give you a clue: TheNY Times
          joined The Fragrance Foundation in hosting "Malicious Lies..."

          "Malicious Lies:" Are they referring to the advertising? The REAL truth is far from tantalizing.
          For the REAL TRUTH, visit the Citizens' Petition currently before the US FDA at

          The Fragrance Foundation writes, in its Think Tank 2000 Series:
          "The first Think Tank of the series, „Getting/Keeping the Teen Market," was held on
          September 29 at the new Conference Centre at The Fragrance Foundation. . . ."

        • The Spring/Summer 2001 Trends Forecast
          NEW YORK ‚ „If a guy tells you, you smell good ‚ you are definitely going to wear
          that fragrance again¾ said Sarah, a New York City teenager and one of the teen
          panelists. Sarah was one of 5 teenage panelists to share quite candid remarks
          about fragrance, their preferences, and how it is marketed to them at The
          Fragrance Foundation¼s bi-annual Spring/Summer 2001 Trends Forecast Seminar.

          Now back "Think Tank #5 . . ." -- barb


        • The Cosmetics Category: Talking to Teens
          Reprinted from American Demographics magazine,November, 1995 Copyright 1995.
          Courtesy of Intertec Publishing Corp., Stamford Connecticut.All Rights Reserved.
          by Peter Zollo
             1. Teens Have Real Spending Power.
             2. Teens Spend Family Money.
             3. Teens influence Household Spending.
             4. Teens Are Trendsetters.
             5. Teens Are Future Spenders.
             6. Teens Are a Growing Market.


          • Baby Steps... into Scents
            And who might all these clean-smelling fragrances in their pretty little pastel bottles
            be for? Thanks to Moms and the inventiveness of certain perfume creators, infants
            can enter the refined world of perfume without leaving their cradles!
            By Muriel Picard
            Information presented that leads me to wonder WHY put any synthetic fragrance on precious baby? -- barb


          Kids Fragrances

          Sun Sentinel

        • In Pursuit of Pretty: Teen Girls Going Wild For Cosmetics
          Liz Doup / Sun-Sentinel (South Florida) 3dec00
          If you think children and teens aren't targeted by the industry, read this. Would it were I
          could address a comment to "Robert Butterworth, a child psychologist who consults for TEEN
          magazine's Ask a Guy column," regarding the last line in this article: " 'The bottom line is,
          parents went through this themselves,' says Butterworth, the father of a teen. 'And they know
          this, too, shall pass.'" Most parents didn't have the onsluaght of all the toxins that are now in
          products used by their children. What lies ahead when their children want to have children? -- barb


      • Clearing the Air
        "Asthma-related hospitalizations and deaths have increased 75 percent
        since 1980, with the disease now afflicting some 17.3 million
        Americans. It is the most common chronic disease among children in
        the United States. High death rates among African Americans with
        asthma and in poor urban areas with substantial minority populations
        are of particular concern.

        "Researchers trying to explain the increased incidence of asthma have
        been looking indoors for answers. People spend most of their day
        inside the home, school, or workplace, so scientists naturally began
        searching there for clues as to how indoor air quality may contribute to
        the disease. "


      • Drugs Kill! Folks, that is: PRESCRIPTION durgs. Take heed.

        • "Doctors Kill More People Than Guns and Traffic Accidents Combined"
          By Don Harkins; The Idaho Observer - April, 1999 -- 5-29-99


        • For other information on drugs, see EHN's


        • For information on vaccines, see EHN's


        • Have you read too much Stephen Barrett? Need an antidote? May I suggest:
          THE LAST DAYS OF THE QUACKBUSTERS... Opinion by Tim Bolen

          Personal note: Had it not been for my wise GYN who worked with me so I could
          explore alternatives to exploratory surgery -- after getting a very low score on a CA125
          cancer marker test -- who knows if I'd be alive today and thriving, not just surviving . . . or
          one of medical science's prematurely dead???

          Through acupuncture and Chinese herbs, we learned that sonograms can and do lie.
          After two months of treatments, and within 18 hours of one, the third sonogram
          proved I had a common, benign tumor masking as an ovarian mass. And now the
          tumor has stopped growing and the pain is all but gone. I count my many blessings!-- barb


      • FedStats
        "The gateway to statistics from over 100 U.S. Federal agencies."


      • Fragrance allergy - a major problem
        Why are consumers (including children) not protected?

        By Heidi Soested, The Danish Consumer Council
        Chemical Awareness
        Includes some fragrance allergy stats from late '80s and early to mid '90s. -- barb


      • Global Cosmetic Industry
        Behind UK perfume trends; Dec, 1999
        Author/s: Karen Douthwaite
        Just like in the States: More perfume worn more places by more people than ever before. -- barb


      • Gulf War . . .
      • Infectious Diseases ã New and Ancient Threats to World Health
        Health Burden of IPDs (Infectious and parasitic diseases)


      • Institute of Medicine
        Clearing the Air: Asthma and Indoor Air Exposures (2000)
        Executive Summary, pg 9 -
        Indoor Chemical Exposures: Fragrances - see pages 247-250


      • JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association
        NOTE: This is 1994 data, in a document copyrighted 1998 by JAMA. It is based on information
        from our Public Health Service; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; June 1996.
        This information is woefully outdated.

        BUT, if you check Asthma and Allergy Statistics, you'll get up-dated to 1998 statistics. -- barb 12/2000

      • Leading causes of death and disease


      • Leffingwell & Associates
      • Liver cancer rates jump 70 percent in 20 years - March 10, 1999
        Cable News Network
        " Rise in hepatitis B and C cases led to increase, researchers say
        ... Death rates from other liver cancers were increasing at a similar pace, they found. "
        The liver is responsible for processing all toxins, including superfluous toxins found
        in synthetic pesticides and synthetic fragrances used in personal care and cleaning/
        maintenance products. -- barb


      • Low Birth Weight: Analysis and Recommendations
        The Future of Children Vol. 5 No. 1 Spring 1995


      • MCS
      • NPD BeautyTrendsÆ Reports Annual Department Store Beauty Sales
        Reach Close To $7 Billion

        "PORT WASHINGTON, NY, February 15, 2001 Last year was a beautiful year for
        department store cosmetics as annual sales topped $6.8 billion, up 5% from 1999.
        According to NPD BeautyTrends³ , the skincare, makeup and fragrance retail tracking
        unit of leading marketing information provider The NPD Group, Inc., growth was seen
        in all categories. Makeup and skincare experienced the most growth, up 6%, while
        fragrances, once again hit the hardest, showed an increase of only 4%.

      • National Center for Health Ststistics
      • National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute( NHLBI)
        New NHLBI Study to Identify Best Treatment for People With Mild Persistent Asthma
        EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE; Thursday, June 8, 2000; Contacts: NHLBI Communications Office (301) 496-4236
        NOTE: This report uses NHLBI's 1995 data for asthma statistics and 1998 data for health care costs.
        And this is a June 2000 press release! Asthma now affects more than 17 million people.
        This information is woefully outdated! -- barb 12/6/2000


      • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
      • Perfumes cause allergies - News from Cosmetics Unmasked
        "...The study concluded that the number of eczema patients with perfume allergy has
        doubled since 1979 from one in twenty eczema patients to one in ten in 1995. ..."

        "Tests by the perfume/cosmetics industry "The majority of studies have been undertaken by the perfume/cosmetics industry, and
        only a minor part are publicly available. Jeanne Duus Johansen suggests that when
        the results are made public, they are likely to show better results than those of the
        studies she has been involved with. This is because the industry tests perfumes on healthy
        persons and so the number of allergic eczema reactions will always be lower than in
        the studies at Gentofte University Hospital, where the substances are tested on eczema
        patients. This means that the industry's research will not show how the
        products affect people with allergy problems. ..."
        Folks, this is just skin reactions -- of the primary user, at that. What about effects over time from
        absorption? What about effects over time from inhaling? Remember scents are made to be
        inhaled (smelled), yet the industry doesn't openly test for effects upon inhalation . . . inhalation by
        user nor for effects upon inhalation by nonusers. Buyer BEWARE! Look for organic products,
        free of petrochemical-derived fragrances for personal care and for cleaning and maintenance -- barb


      • Perfumery Timeline
        American Society of Perfumers


      • Pub Med publications
        • National prevalence of asthma and chemical hypersensitivity: an examination of potential overlap.
          Caress SM, Steinemann AC.
          State University of West Georgia, Carrollton, Georgia, USA.
          OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the linkage between
          asthma and chemical hypersensitivity. METHODS: The authors conducted a
          population study with a random sample of 1057 geographically weighted
          cases to determine the prevalence of both asthma and chemical
          hypersensitivity in the American population and to explore their co-occurrence.
          RESULTS: A total of 14.1% of the respondents reported being diagnosed with
          asthma and 11.2% reported a hypersensitivity to chemicals. Of those with
          asthma, 27.2% also reported being hypersensitive to chemicals and 7.4%
          reported also being diagnosed with multiple chemical sensitivities (MCS). Of
          those diagnosed with MCS, 42% reported also being diagnosed with asthma.
          Additionally, 29.7% of those with asthma said air fresheners caused breathing
          difficulties, and 37.2% found scented products irritating. CONCLUSIONS: The
          results indicate that there is significant overlap between some forms of
          asthma and chemical hypersensitivity.
               PMID: 15891531 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


      • Put an End to the Prescription Party
        "The Journal of the American Medical Association Admits Prescription Errors and
        Side Effects Cost $76 Billion a Year "




      • Students with Multiple Chemical Sensitivity/Environmental Illness:
        An Accommodation Challenge

        "According to reports from campuses and recent conferences, disability support
        service providers and institutional administrators have seen an increase in requests
        foraccommodations for students with a diagnosis of Multiple Chemical
        Sensitivity/Environmental Illness, or MCS/EI. ..."


        "Let's REMEMBER that nearly EVERY single person of ANY age responsible for
        perpetrating incidents of mass violence--almost always by use of a firearm--and mass
        murder in this country in the past several years has been found to have been a constant
        user of prescribed, mind-altering psychotropic drugs."


        Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Fibromyalgia & Multiple Chemical Sensitivity


        Chemical Market Reporter; August 28, 2000


      • WHO (World Health Organization)
        WHO Fact Sheet Nƒ 206 - Revised January 2000
        "The Scale of the Problem: Between 100 and 150 million people around the
        globe -- roughly the equivalent of the population of the Russian Federation --
        suffer from asthma and this number is rising. World-wide, deaths from this
        condition have reached over 180,000 annually."

        Folks, asthma has skyrocketed during the past 20 years! The SAME period of time that
        fragrances made with petrochemicals have become ubiquitous! Wake up, FDA!!! -- barb

        -- end Statistics --

      Prof. Anne Steinemann

      Air "Fresheners" / Fabric Softeners

      • Fragranced consumer products and undisclosed ingredients
        Anne C. Steinemann

      • Toxic Chemicals Found in Laundry Products, Air Fresheners - July 2008

      • Toxic chemicals found in common scented laundry products, air fresheners


      • Some scented household products contain chemicals clasified as toxic, UW study finds


      • Toxic Chemicals Found in Common Scented Laundry Products, Air Fresheners


        And, of course, the industry (below) must have its say . . . for what matters is selling products!
        Regardless of the industry's claims of safety, fragrance products volatilize and adversely affect
        the health of millions of people -- users and non users who are really sceondhand users.

        There is NO consumer protection by any government agency. The "authority" is fragmented, at
        best. The fragmentation exists because the Food and Drug Administration is only
        known as the "Authority Over Cosmetics" -- but isn't THE authority because the industry
        is self-regulated! The FDA is so much NOT an authority, it can't even demand its
        required warning be affixed to labels of fragrances released to market without full
        substantiation of safety. What a joke . . . and the industry laughs all the way to the bank!

        The fact that the public isn't even clued in by the FDA led to EHN's FDA petition, 99P-1340,
        which was filed with the FDA on May 11, 1999. The FDA's silence, I may say, has been deafening!

        But to revisit my statement about "fragmentation" . . . IF fragrances or flavors are found
        in fabric softeners or in bleaches or air "fresheners" or deodorizers, in various cleaners,
        or in detergents for dishes or laundry or in pesticides, or in candles -- wherever, other
        than for cosmetic purposes -- the FDA has no say in those fragrances. So, try to find an
        agency that does.

        I've had the personal frustration of turning to the EPA . . . they sent me back to the FDA
        who assured me they have nothing to do with fragrances except for those in cosmetics
        or personal care products and used as colognes, perfumes, toilet water, aftershaves, in
        body deodorants, lotions, soaps, shampoos, conditioners, and other hair care products, etc.

        Failing with that government agency, I turned to the Consumer Products Safety
        Commission. Admitedly, it's been a while since I last set myself up for that level of
        frustration, but there were years there that whenever I'd contact them to complain about
        being poisoned by scented fabric softeners, laundry detergents, various cleaners, air
        "fresheners," etc., they hadn't had any complaints before mine. After the first several
        comments like that, I got to saying, Wait A MINUTE! What about my previous
        complaints? To which I was told time and again, that they had had a database problem,
        or a computer malfunction or ... In other words, they kept no records so everytime
        became a first time they heard anything about fabric softeners or what have you.
        However, because I was part of a campaign to complain to the CPSC, I knew it to be false
        statements. Eventually I did get a printout of a list of complaints, but whether they
        have managed to maintain that database or not, I don't know.

        During my entire ordeal with chemical injury, I begged our government agencies and also
        nonprofits to begin keeping a log of times fragrances (or flavors) triggered
        asthma or other upper or lower respiratory problems including sinus infections, lung
        infections and laryngitis, migraines or other neurological problems, acne and other skin
        problems, etc. Just keep a list of diseases -- including the above, plus cancers and
        reproductive problems and fetal development problems, SIDS, etc., -- where fragrances
        had been in use. If the public isn't polled, we'll never know the full extent of the harm
        these chemicals can do.

        To my body, it matters not the source of the petrochemically derived fragrance (or
        flavor), if it is man-made it is poison to my body. And I didn't get that way easily. It was
        after many years of exposure in a highly scented workplace where I battled on behalf
        of cleaner air for everyone. I eventually had to retire and that's when I turned my
        efforts to helping people worldwide through my volunteer efforts for the Environmental
        Health Network.

        The truth is, the flavors and fragrance industry is self-regulated and further protected by
        trade-secret laws. Those laws do nothing to protect the industry from rip-off scents.
        Obviously. But trade secret laws do a fine job of shielding the industry from an informed

        Once you become sensitized by arftificial fragrances, it is too late to save your health. The
        time to protect your health is BEFORE you become chemically injured and the only
        way you can even try to accomplish that now is to look at the labels. IF you see either
        the word "flavor" or "fragrance" on the label, leave the product on the shelf. Look for
        safer products that contain NO artificial flavors or fragrances. And, IF you work, or go
        to school, or a healthcare center or a doctor's office and you encounter synthetically
        scented products, begin educating them by directing them to the work of Prof.
        Steinemann or to the document developed to help people with fragrance sensitivity issues.

        The industry's response to Dr. Steinemann is posted on Medical News Today. -- barb

        Fragrance Materials Association Assures Safety Of Fragrqance Ingredients -
        No Contrary Evidence in Contested University Of Washington Study


      Stephanie's Accommodation Plan

      I was subjected to the fumes of sterno in my former workplace. It took a member of one of its
      committees to complain about the adverse effects upon her health to get the agency to stop the use
      of sterno in its cafeteria. Sterno was just one of the many problems I faced and stuggled to change. -- barb

      • Toxicity, Carbon Monoxide
        "... Sterno stoves all emit CO. ..."


      • Oakland Army Base - Basewide Environmental Baseline Survey
        An interesting list of chemicals ... including Sterno -- barb


        The Internet Journal of Emergency & Intensive Care Medicine ISSN 1092-4051


      • MSDS for Sterno

          CHRONIC- UNK.
          "Medical Cond Aggravated By Exposure: PERSONS WITH PRE-EXISTING SKIN


          "Effects of Exposure: ACUTE: EYE CONTACT: EYE IRRITANT UPON DIRECT
          CALLING (908) 878-7468.
          "Medical Cond Aggravated By Exposure: NONE SPECIFIED BY MANUFACTURER.
          [Get that! That's the thing about MSDS ... you rely on what the mft tells you or wants you
          to know. What about those living with respiratory and skin diseases, with MCS? -- barb]



          This one takes you to the same info above ... notice the URL. -- barb


          Effects of Exposure: ACUTE: INHALATION- CNS DEPRESSION. EYES- BURNS,
          EYES, LIVER, KIDNEY. Explanation Of Carcinogenicity: NONE Signs And Symptions
          Medical Cond Aggravated By Exposure: NONE KNOWN
          [HOW CAN THEY SAY THAT? Surely anyone with respiratory diseases or MCS should count! -- barb]


      • Safety Committee Meeting Announcements FY98/99 - June 1999
        Dept. of Occupational Health and Safety, U of Delaware

        This section introduces psychology's approach to consciousness by noting the
        elusiveness of its definition and the consequent difficulty of investigating it.
        " ... People in various cultures sniff, snort, smoke, and/or swallow substances like fungus, nutmeg, morning glory seeds, glue, oven spray, Sterno, Aqua Velva, and gasoline. ..."
        This files saves as rich text format, so you can open w/word processing program. -- barb


      Carol Sterritt
      zzzzzz Coastal Post (
      Ask Dr. Stoll




    • Stop Cancer Where it Starts!

    • Stop Toxic Trespass

    • Stop Waste - Alameda County, California Straw Buildings
      What I'd like to know is: How much stress is caused when our bodies encounter the
      superfluous toxins in synthetic fragrances that have been added to an increasing array of
      personal care, as well as household and janitorial cleaning and maintenance products? Scented
      products include pesticides and the pesticide category includes disinfectants! How many realize that?

      Notice the TV ads . . . how many times have you seen an ad for a scented product followed by
      an ad for some over-the-counter or prescribed drug? What you aren't told is your symptoms such
      as colds, flu, stress, asthma, overactive bladder, gastro-intestinal upset, migraines and other
      headaches, joint pain and muscle aches, eczema, adult onset acne, rashes, hives, exhaustion,
      dark circles under the eyes, trembling, heart pounding, ... all can be chemically induced by
      the chemicals used to make our modern synthetically scented products. Remember the ads tell
      you to tell YOUR doctor if you have liver problems or kidney troubles, ... Isn't
      YOUR doctor supposed to know if you have liver or kidney problems?

      Of course, these symptoms can also be brought on by pesticide applications (outdoors or in,
      applied by self or professional, and even when "following label directions"), by a refinery
      catastrophy or other horrific event such as Sept. 11 and the WTC and Pentagon, diesel exhaust,
      the installation of new carpet with their adhesives especially those that have high-emitting
      VOCs (volatile organic compounds), the use of high-emitting VOC paint, anesthesia, . . .

      However, it's the synthetic scents hat have become ubiquitous since the 1980s.
      And, really getting going in the '70s, the industry started switching from essences made with
      squished plants and animal parts to essences derived from petrochemicals. Our bodies know the
      difference, even if our doctors and government experts don't. Our doctors tell us to AVOID
      fragrances without giving a notion to the fact that they are volatile. Indeed, they are made to
      be volatile -- it's the nature of the beast. Several factors were brought into play: scent
      formulations changed to being largely petrochemical; synthesized scents were cheaper so
      scents were added to an ever-increasing array of products; and then, through an increase in
      advertising, people were encouraged to use and wear more fragrances and more scented products
      for not only personal care, but household and janitorial cleaning and maintenance than ever
      before. Heavens, graphic artists were even told to incorporate scent strips in their productions
      to really "capture" the attention of the consumer. (I announced that scent strips really gave
      one something to remember them by ... asthma, migraines and various other debilitating and
      disabling health events -- you can only imagine how well that info went over!) Fact is, when it
      comes to fragrances, we cannot avoid that which is in the air all around us!

      Now, back to stress. How many of you, think as I do, that that diagnosis is just a great way of
      ignoring chemical injury and is a vehicle for prescribing more drugs? Dr. Randolp believed in
      not giving drugs, but in listening to his patient! Maybe doctors should listen more and patients wouldn't be so "stressed."

      We are all -- even doctors -- stakeholders when it comes to breathing. -- barb


      Study Types - Definitions
      Instead of dismissing those living with GWS, MCS, EMS, CFIDS, FM, et al., as being merely
      "anecdotal," why not think of us as "Human, Observational" . . . which points the way to
      greater study by scientists? -- barb

      Stuff Happens!
      The damning and damaging negative press used against those already chemically injured. -- barb

      stumps R us
      "A Whimsical Support Group of Cheerful Cripples
      Who Can Answer almost ANY question you might have about life
      without one, two or three limbs"

      STYRENE OXIDE - 96-09-3
      "... The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has classified styrene oxide
      as a Group 2A, a probable human carcinogen. ..."
        "Styrene oxide is used in the production of styrene glycol and its derivatives, as a
        reactive diluent for epoxy resins; as a chemical intermediate for cosmetics, surface
        coatings, and agricultural and biological chemicals; as a raw material for the production
        of phenylethyl alcohol used in perfumes; and in the treatment of fibers and textiles. ..."


      Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
      See SIDS, above,

      Sugar-free (none added) Recipes (can contain natural fruit sugars)

      Sully's Living Without!!!
      A resource page. -- barb

      Dr. Tipu Sultan, St. Louis, Missouri area

      Sun Sentinel, South Florida
      "Scented products at hospitals have power to harm"
      by BOB LaMENDOLA Health Writer

      Sunshine Sentinel Press

      Sun -- Good ol' Sol My mother used to use the sun to bleach stains out of fabrics, especially whites. Her trick
      for rust -- as I recall -- was to put lemon juice and salt on the spot and then place the item on the
      grass in the sun. Also, mom used to rub a raw apple on my face and arms to help protect against sunburn. I've never been one for using loads of sunscreens. When I was younger, I didn't like the smell. I tried some when fragrance-free became available and I was going to be at the beach all day. But then, I hadn't heard of Dr. Zane Kime. -- barb

        The benefits far, far outweigh the hazards

      • Dr. Zane Kime
        • "Sunshine Could Save Your Life"
          by Dr. Zine R. Kime -World Health
          Publishing, Box Number 400, Penryn, CA 95663. Complete Price $18.50.
          Excellent on sunshine but needs new research on unsaturated oils.
          On StopCancer Book List. For more titles, visit their page:


        • The Tomato Effect
          A film in the works by daughter, Faun Kime

        By Dr. Bernarr, D.C. D.D.


      • Soil And Health Library
        Health begins in the soil; Healing begins with hygiene; Liberty begins with freedom.
        "This is a free public library offering full-text books about holistic agriculture, holistic
        health, self-sufficient homestead living, and personal development. Most of the titles in
        this library are out of print. Some of these books can be quite hard to find; many of
        them are old enough to be public domain materials. The library also offers a collection
        about why globalised society is resistant to changing its food and health systems.

        The titles in this library, when comprehended as an inter-related whole, constitute a
        self-guided course of study or curriculum that connects agricultural methods to the
        consequent health of animals and humans, shows how to prevent and heal disease and
        increase longevity. "


        Ultra-Violet: The Untold Story
        by Michael Lofton


      Surgery Sustainable / Sustainability

      First and foremost you should know that the Department of the Interior states under its Sustainable Practices guidelines, then we return to an alpha order . . .

      "Guidance and Training on Greening Your Janitorial Business
      CHAPTER 2: Traditional Versus "Green" Cleaning Products"
      -- subhead:
      "A Sampling of Environmental Attributes for Cleaning Products"

    • Bau-biologieTMUSA!
      International Institute for Bau-biologie & Ecology (IBE)


      Second Nature
      Education for Sustainability

      Suspected Health Hazards
      Environmental Defense's Project

      Sustain - The Environmental Information Group



      Also see EHN's General Links, page G, Green

      Sutro Tower Community Perspectives (EMR)

      Sweat Bathing quotes of Dr. Andrew Weil


    • Swimming Pools
      Following or suggestions only. YOU explore options, but do try to reduce your need for chlorine. -- barb

      Symptoms of EI/MCS & Fragrances -- chemical poisonings --
      including those from fragrances in personal care products, cosmetics and cleaning and maintenance products; as well as pesticides,
      and other commonly used consumer products derived from petrochemicals are components of same. Pharmaceuticals have lists of side effects, including prematuer death. For some of that information, I recommed you start your search at MedlinePlus Health Information (Drug)

      Most likely, with repeated, relatively mild exposures, you will suffer flu- or cold-like symptoms.
      This, of course, makes life more interesting, because when you are warned about various
      illnesses, say West Nile Virus, you are told about the "flu-like symptoms." You are also warned
      about "flu-like symptoms" when taking various pharmaceuticals, over-the-counter or prescribed.
      However, the government and therefore the industry sees no need in warning people of "flu-like
      symptoms" suffered by users AND SECONDHAND USERS as a result of people using our
      modern, products containing petrochemical derived flavors, fragrances and pesticides.

      Long-term chemical effects can include asthma and other respiratory diseases, cancers, cardiovascular diseases, MCS, Parkinson's, renal (kidney) failure, . . . And remember, just
      because you have one disease, it doesn't mean you are spared others. Especially when it comes to
      MCS. Doctors diagnose distinct diseases, but they are woefully undereducated when it comes
      to recognizing the cause and effects of petrochemical-derived products, which are absorbed and inhaled. And by users, that's 24 / 7 or, day-in and day-out. Environmentally caused diseases exist.

      To all who think there are just too many symptoms associated with MCS, or specifically, with
      fragrance sensitization, I suggest you take a close look at the NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical
      Hazards (

      Look at the types of symptoms and the organs targeted by the chemicals given. The public cannot
      easily learn about the chemicals in synthetic fragrances because the industry is SELF-regulated
      and further protected by outmoded trade secret laws. The industry has in its repertoire
      between 3,000 and 5,000 inadequately tested chemicals. In an article, "Scents and sensitivities"
      by Francesca Lyman published Feb. 6, 2002, we learn that the Research Institute for Fragrance
      Materials "has begun the first study to examine fragrance inhalation." This, despite an
      earlier protestation in that same article that "Products are thoroughly tested before being
      marketed to assure their health and safety." I do believe I smell mendacity!
      Mirrored by permission at

      But, also keep in mind that our "... health care providers generally receive a very
      limited amount of training in occupational and environmental health, and in
      pesticide-related illnesses, in particular.
      1 ..." [emphasis added]
      "1. Institute of Medicine. Role of the Primary Care Physician in Occupational and
      Environmental Medicine, Washington, DC: Institute of Medicine, 1988. "
      -- barb

      • Acute asthma - acute tachycardia - anaphylactic reactions caused by
        Fragrance & Perfume

        " In January of 1995 11 young Algerians deceased, following an attempt to get high on
        perfume of the international brand name '.............' . They did not have a chance; only a
        few toxins are rapidly effective to such an extent, that death comes into effect within 48
        hours, as seen in this case.

        "According to a recent opinion of the Swiss professor and pediatrician Ottmar T–nz,
        breastfeeding mothers and women should boycott scented laundry-detergents. It ist
        known from general medicine, that todays common mixture of scents can be (partly)
        responsible for any symptom of illness ..."


      • Arizona Technology Access Program
        Symptoms of MCS
        Funding is provided by the U.S. Department of Education, National Institute on
        Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR) Grant #H224A40002.


      • Cancer - Cosmetics Connection?
        Cancer is most often caused by your environment and lifestyle. -- barb


      • Cardiovascular Toxicants
        environmental defense


      • Chemical Weapons: Nerve Agents
        Symptoms of Nerve Agent Poisoning
        By Eric H. Chudler, Ph.D. at
        "Nerve agents attack all synapses that use acetylcholine as a neurotransmitter...this means
        both the central and peripheral nervous systems are affected."
        Pay attention to section titled, "Symptoms of Nerve Agent Poisoning" and its table of symptoms
        and the body systems involved. I recognize my symptoms of perfume and pesticide poisoning! -- barb


      • ChemTox


        • Cosmetic Use in Pregnancy
          Potential to Cause Learning Disabilities
          Mental Retardation & Behavior Disorders in Children

        • Environmental Causes of Infertility


        • Environmental Causes of Learning Disabilities and child Neurological
          Disorders: Review of the Research

        • Environmental Causes of Learning Disabilities - Index

        • Chicago Wilderness Magazine
          The Great Spray Debate: Spring 2003
          Could synthetic sprays eliminate our best defenseagainst West Nile virus ã a healthy ecosystem?
          by Arthur Melvile Pearson
          Let me assure you, that inhaling the residue of pyrethroid pesticides, sprayed in the workplace,
          can cause health problems too. My body responded with tinnitus and then spontaneously
          cratering sores, that took a good half year or better to heal. Pesticides are NOT safe! -- barb

          "... According to the National Pesticide Information Center, inhaling pyrethroids ã
          if you happened to be outdoors during spraying, for instance ã can cause its own
          flu-like symptoms: "coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, runny or stuffy nose,
          chest pain, or difficulty breathing...rash, itching, or blisters." Those most at risk are the
          young, the elderly, those with asthma, andx those with chemical sensitivity.

          "As for long-term risks, the EPA has determined that pyrethroids are carcinogenic,
          although which risk classification remains to be determined. The No Spray Coalition
          reports that the various elements in Anvil are either known or suspected to be toxic to
          the liver, kidneys, the gastrointestinal tract, and the respiratory tract. ..." [Emphasis added/.]


        • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Fibromyalgia, & Chemical Sensitivity
          Coalition of Chicago

          Formerly known as: MCS Health & Environment
          Please go to their site for more information, including distinguishing features. -- barb
          Overlapping Symptoms
          "The symptoms seen in CFS, FM, and CS frequently overlap, although certain symptoms
          predominate in each condition. Each person¼s symptoms are unique, and more than one condition
          can occur in an individual."
          Symptoms may include:
        • persistent fatigue


        • difficulty concentrating, memory loss, cognitive dysfunction


        • muscle pain


        • joint pain


        • disrupted or unrefreshing sleep


        • sore throat / tender lymph nodes


        • respiratory problems


        • headache


        • dizziness or lightheadedness


        • irregular or abnormal blood preassure and heart rate


        • gastrointestinal problems


        • food and medication sensitivities


        • CIRA of Minnesota
          What is EI/MCS?
          Their new website seems to be under construction. -- barb
          3033 27th Avenue South, POB 6085 Minneapolis, MN 55406 US Contact Deanne Lange (CIRA MemberServices/Outreach Volunteer) Phone (651) 647-0944 E-mail:

          Contact Info available at

          Formerly at:

          Common symptoms of MCS
          This is my life! But more so, while I was gainfully employed. Eight years following early retirement, some of my worse symptoms have lessened. Now I'm into stage five renal disease. -- barb
          • anaphylactic shock
          • difficulty breathing, chest pains and asthma
          • skin irritation, contact dermatitis, and hives or other forms of skin rash
          • migraine headaches
          • "brain fog" (short term memory loss, cognitive dysfunction, including attention deficit)
          • digestive difficulties, nausea, indigestion/heartburn, vomiting, diarrhea
          • food intolerances, which may or may not be clinically identifiable (e.g., lactose intolerance, celiac disease). Commonly wheat and dairy.
          • joint and muscle pains
          • extreme fatigue, lethargy and lassitude
          • vertigo/dizziness
          • abnormally acute sense of smell (which may simply be the result of ridding one's home of strong masking scents, therefore purging olfactory neurons)
          • sensitivity to natural plant fragrance, pine turpines
          • insomnia
          • dry mouth, dry eyes
          • overactive bladder
          Commonly suspect chemicals
          This pretty much covers what causes my reactions. FRAGRANCE products were and are my biggest nemesis. They are ubiquitous and leave the users to affect everyone, regardless of age or stage of llife; including developing embryos and fetuses. The government should demand warnings be affixed to labels for use of artificial flavors and fragrances. I'd also add refineries and chemical plants to the following list. I suggest researchers and doctors think CARBON as opposed to looking at PROTEIN for an explanation of MCS. And, remember, our experts lament the soaring, "UNEXPLAINED" rates of asthma, cancers, alzheimer's Parkinson's, ADD, ADHD, CFIDS, lupus, birth defects, . . . you-name-it! I suggest that these be viewed as "Environmental Illnesses" caused by our reliance on petrochemically derived products, including pharmaceuticals, released to market without full substantiation of safety. -- barb
          • bleach, fabric softeners, wool-wash, and detergents
          • perfumes, air-fresheners and anything scented or perfumed
          • petrol or gasoline, diesel and exhaust fumes
          • pesticides, fertilisers, and other agricultural chemicals
          • shampoos, hairsprays and personal care products
          • dishwashing liquid and detergent (may cause migraine headaches for those without MCS)
          • most glues (including carpet glue), varnishes, polishes, paints, solvents and paint-thinners
          • petroleum-based products (including petroleum jelly)
          • Formaldehyde and aldehyde In particular, offgassing chemicals (some odorless, some not) are suspect.


        • Deodorants: a clinical provocation study in fragrance-sensitive individuals.
          Johansen JD, Rastogi SC, Bruze M, Andersen KE, Frosch P, Dreier B, Lepoittevin JP, White I, Menne T.
          Department of Dermatology, Gentofte Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. PubMed
          "...12/20 (60%) deodorants elicited eczema on use testing in the axilla. 8/12 deodorants
          were positive in the axilla on day (D) 7 and 4 both in the axilla and on the upper arm. 2
          of the 4 developed a reaction in the axilla before it developed on the upper arm. ..."


        • Ecology House, Inc. - San Rafael, CA
          Definition of Disabling MCS/EI
          With added info by barb.


        • EI/ES/MCS symptoms
          "Common complaints include acute intolerance to light and noise, chemical smells of all
          extreme fatigue, muscle pain, swollen joints, muscle weakness, shortness of
          breath evolving frequently into asthma, anemia, chronic urinary tract infections, nausea,
          diarrhea, migraines lasting days, tingling in hands and feet, irregular heart beat,
          watery and itchy eyes, generalized itching and more. ..." [Emphasis added.]
          And, under "more" I'd add, based on my own body's experiences: overactive bladder, bladder
          incontinence, feet that feel as if they are swinging out from under my body, falling, swollen
          lymph nodes, instant acne and asthma, spiking blood pressure (others suffer a precipitous drop in
          blood pressure), bronchial infections and/or sinus infections lasting weeks, recurring cases
          of "flu" or "colds," easily bleeding gums, non-healing wounds (skin cratered within minutes
          of exposure to pyrethroid pesticides used in former workplace), laryngitis that swung between
          gravely voice and inability to speak, and lost thoughts! That was one of the most frustrating parts
          for me with trying to work in a perfume-polluted workplace. And there's more . . .
          Look to our brains, don't just pronounce "It's all in your head!" We are dealing with neurotoxins,
          as well as carcinogens, irritants (think POISONS to lungs and skin), sensitizers and
          teratogens. This is a heady brew of toxins to be releasing to market without substantiation of safety
          EXCEPT by industry sayso. To use modern scented products is to practice purchasing by
          blind faith. And these products affect not only the user, but everyone in breahting distance!
          They do not belong in healthcare settings, schools, workplaces, retirement residences, .... -- barb

          Government and Medical Science Finally Recognize Crippling Effects of MCS

          By Helke Ferrie; Vitality Magazine; October 2003


        • envirohealthaction
          Emerging Links: Addressing the Links Between Chronic Disease and
          Environmental Exposures


        • Environmental Illness Society of Canada
          EI Questions and Answers.


        • Environmental Protection Agency
          "Indoor Air Pollution: An Introduction for Health Professionals"
          Co-sponsored by: The American Lung Association (ALA), The Environmental Protection
          Agency (EPA), The Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), and The American
          Medical Association (AMA) U.S. Government Printing Office Publication
          No. 1994-523-217/81322, 1994
          • Health Problems Caused By VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
            (Formaldehyde, Pesticides, Solvents, Cleaning Agents)
                Key Signs/Symptoms
              conjunctival irritation
              nose, throat discomfort
              allergic skin reaction
              declines in serum cholinesterase levels
              nausea, emesis
              epistaxis (formaldehyde)

            Also see,
            Sources of Indoor Air Pollution - Organic Gases (Volatile Organic Compounds - VOCs)
            "Organic chemicals are widely used as ingredients in household products. Paints,
            varnishes, and wax all contain organic solvents, as do many cleaning, disinfecting,
            degreasing, and hobby products. Fuels are made up of organic
            chemicals. All of these products can release organic compounds while you are using
            them, and, to some degree, when they are stored. ..." [emphasis added]

            "...Health Effects
            "Eye, nose, and throat irritation; headaches, loss of coordination, nausea;
            damage to liver, kidney, and central nervous system. Some organics can cause
            cancer in animals; some are suspected or known to cause cancer in humans.

            The ability of organic chemicals to cause health effects varies greatly from
            those that are highly toxic, to those with no known health effect. As with
            other pollutants, the extent and nature of the health effect will depend on
            many factors including level of exposure and length of time exposed. Eye and
            respiratory tract irritation, headaches, dizziness, visual disorders, and memory
            impairment are among the immediate symptoms that some people have
            experienced soon after exposure to some organics. At present, not much is
            known about what health effects occur from the levels of organics usually
            found in homes. Many organic compounds are known to cause cancer in
            animals; some are suspected of causing, or are known to cause, cancer in humans."


          • What is exposure?
            "The term exposure means coming in contact with a chemical. There are three ways
            you can come in contact with a chemical:
            • inhalation - by breathing in the fumes of the chemical
            • dermal - having the chemical splash or spill on your skin
            • ingestion - eating or swallowing a chemical

            "Along with your exposure, "how strong and how long" you come in contact with a
            chemical will help determine how harmful a chemical is to you.

            "Knowing about your exposure is very important in trying to find out if a chemical
            will cause you health problems. It can be tricky because sometimes it can be a long
            time after you come in contact with a chemical before you get sick. Or, it can take
            repeated contact with a chemical before you get sick or have a reaction, like a rash. ..."


          • What human health effects are associated with indoor air pollution?
            "Poor indoor air quality can cause short-term problems, including headaches, fatigue,
            dizziness, nausea, and a scratchy throat. But its other effects include cancerãparticularly
            from long-term exposures to high ETS and radon concentrationsãand aggravation
            of chronic respiratory diseases such as asthma. Exposure to naturally occurring radon
            gas is the second leading cause (after smoking tobacco) of lung cancer among
            Americans.39 The most sensitive and vulnerable population groupsãolder people, the
            young, and the chronically illãtend to spend the most time indoors and may therefore
            face higher-than-usual exposures.

            You have to dig, but the EPA does list perfume as a VOC and it also lists VOCs as indoor air
            pollutants. Perfumes also contain chemicals that are known carcinogens, hormone disrupters
            neurotoxins and lung and skin irritants and sensitizers! So a note to the wise, do not use
            perfumed products in a public venue ... including your workplace, healthcare facility, school,
            place of worship, opera, theater, restaurant, government agencies, . . . Perfumes pollute the air
            for user and nonuser and adversely affect the health of untold numbers of people. -- barb




        • Environmental Sensitivities


        • Environmental Working Group
          Methyl Bromide is Extraordinarily Toxic
          "... The acute effects of methyl bromide exposure include headaches, drowsiness,
          lethargy, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, blurred vision, twitching and convulsions,
          seizures, psychosis and death. More disturbing, these effects may persist long after
          a single poisoning incident (CEPA 1994). The known effects of repeated sublethal
          exposure include damage to the brain, the peripheral nervous system, the respiratory
          system, kidneys, liver, eyes, nose, throat, lungs and skin. Methyl bromide is also a "direct
          acting mutagen" that is toxic to DNA (CEPA 1994). And methyl bromide causes
          "treatment related," "biologically significant," developmental (birth) defects including
          absence of gall bladders, fused sternebrae (spine), and decreased fetal weight (CEPA 1994)...."


        • Hydrogen Sulfide and Sulfur Dioxide
          Basic Toxicology and Primary Litigation Issues

          By Thomas H. Milby, MD
          "Hydrogen sulfide exposure with symptoms
          "Mild, transitory symptoms of exposure such as headache, dizziness, and incoordination
          can appear within seconds to minutes following exposure to several hundred ppm
          of hydrogen sulfide gas. At higher levels, symptoms can include abrupt collapse with or
          without apnea.

          For the purposes of clarification, acute hydrogen sulfide neurotoxicity characterized by
          sudden collapse and loss of consciousness can be considered in three increasingly
          severe stages (Milby and Baselt, 1999b) ..."

          SULFUR DIOXIDE "Sulfur dioxide fumes are not absorbed into the body and do not penetrate through the
          skin. The toxic effects of sulfur dioxide are derived wholly from its ability to directly
          irritate the eyes, the moist mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract, and
          the lung. Acute impairment of lung function associated with toxicologically significant
          exposure to sulfur dioxide is obstructive in nature due, at least in part, to irritant-
          induced bronchoconstriction. ..."

        • Increased cardiopulmonary disease risk in a community-based sample with
          chemical odor intolerance: implications for women's health and health-care utilization
          Author/s: Carol M. Baldwin, Iris R. Bell Issue: Sept-Oct, 1998


        • Internal Guidelines regarding Multiple Chemical Sensitivity/Environmental Illness
          (MCS/EI) for Disability Services at the University of Minnesota


        • Kidney Disease . . . it is one of the "silent killers."
          From my experience, it seems that doctors warn about hypertension ruining the kidneys. What
          they don't seem to get is that the kidneys can be ruined by the superfluous toxins we are forced to
          breathe in day by day and that kidney disease can cause the hypertension. Too often the
          medical cart is before its horse . . . or, at least, as I view it. But the money is in the drugs and procedures.

          As I see it, IF you are hep to kidney disease early on, you can do something about slowing down its
          progress by carefully selecting safer foods. I'm also taking tincture of stinging nettle SEEDS,
          which is reported to improve the glomeruli . . . but per ususal, if it's not a major drug it ain't
          researched. Well, on this one, because my body cannot tolerate the petrochemical-derived
          pharmaceuticals, I'm your guinea pig.

          I was diagnosed with stage 4 kidney disease in July 2005, with "check out" time given as end of July 2006
          because I refused to consider dialysis or transplant. We'll see for how long I can beat this death sentence. And why have I decided -- at least for now -- against dialysis? Because I am already chemically injured thanks to the day in and day out assault by fragrances used by others in my former workplace. I stupidly kept trying to educate . . . but then, I had three kids and a job seemed necessary. Besides, I'd learned enough from others that to quit and seek safer employment was folly for as soon as someone who loved to use fragrance products, learned of your disease, they'd do everything in their power to assault and harass you -- and in most workplaces, THEY are given carte blanch by the management who also love to wear "their" scents (manufactured by the self-regulated, trade-secret protected, petrochemical industry).

          But in the meantime, to all of you who have blood tests, be mindful of that creatinine reading,
          along with your BUN, potassium and phosphorous readings and urinalysis. Make sure you keep
          them as close to normal as possible for you never know when circumstances will suddenly alter
          so you are dangerously spiking creatinine readings.

          By the bye, I'm looking for QUALITY of life, but also QUANTITY of life, therefore, I am not taking
          any of the normally prescribed medications for kidney failure. I am using chiropractic and
          acupuncture and I'm taking prescribed herbs and carefully controlling my diet, much as one must
          if one is instead living with diabetes. Of course, the kidney specialist hastened to warn me about
          doing it my way. Only time will tell if I can beat his death sentence. -- barb

        • Making Sense of Scents
          By Julia Kendall
          • watery or dry eyes, double vision,


          • sneezing, nasal congestion, sinusitis,


          • tinnitus, ear pain,


          • dizziness, vertigo,


          • coughing, bronchitis, difficulty breathing, difficulty swallowing, laryngitis, asthma,


          • anaphylaxis, headaches, seizures, fatigue, confusion, disorientation, incoherence, short-term memory loss, inability to concentrate,


          • nausea,

            lethargy, anxiety, irritability, depression, mood swings, restlessness,


          • rashes, hives, eczema, flushing,


          • muscle and joint pain, muscle weakness,


          • irregular heart beat, hypertension,


          • swollen lymph glands, and more.
            (Candida Research and Information Foundation, Perfume Survey, Winter 1989-90.)


        • MCS Consensus Statement, 1999 - 34 signatories
          " ... [S]ymptoms associated with chemical exposures must involve multiple organ
          systems, thus distinguishing MCS from specific single-organ system disorders
          (e.g., asthma, migraine) that also may meet the first 5 criteria. ..."

        • MCS Referral and Resources
        • MCS: Think "functional impairment," not diagnosis.
          by Susan Molloy
          "For example, two people could have diabetes. For one, it is a minor
          inconvenience. The other person is in line for amputations, blindness,
          and kidney failure. Same diagnosis, different degrees of impairment.
          MCS works the same way, so does asthma. So does cancer."

        • MCS: What It Is, What It Is Not, And How It Is Manifested
          By Shelia Bastien, PhD


        • MCS -- What Is It Really?

          [MCS] Multiple Chemical Sensitivity: A 1999 Consensus




        • Methyl bromide
          • Methyl Bromide 99.5 %
            "Methyl bromide is a soil sterilant injected into soil prior to planting new grapevines.
            It is extremely toxic and can kill outright if inhaled. Methyl bromide causes a significant
            amount of destruction to the earth's protective ozone layer. Most methyl bromide
            evaporates during and after soil fumigation and can drift off site for up to several miles.
            It is colorless and odorless ..."Californians for Alternatives to Toxics


          • Methyl Bromide is Extraordinarily Toxic
            Environmental Working Group
            "... The acute effects of methyl bromide exposure include headaches, drowsiness,
            lethargy, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, blurred vision, twitching and convulsions,
            seizures, psychosis and death. More disturbing, these effects may persist long after
            a single poisoning incident (CEPA 1994). The known effects of repeated sublethal
            exposure include damage to the brain, the peripheral nervous system, the respiratory
            system, kidneys, liver, eyes, nose, throat, lungs and skin. Methyl bromide is also a "direct
            acting mutagen" that is toxic to DNA (CEPA 1994). And methyl bromide causes
            "treatment related," "biologically significant," developmental (birth) defects including
            absence of gall bladders, fused sternebrae (spine), and decreased fetal weight (CEPA 1994)...."


          • MSDS Methyl bromide
            E X T O X N E T -- Extension Toxicology Network
            "... Methyl bromide, labeled with a DANGER signal word, is an extremely toxic vapor.
            In humans, methyl bromide is readily absorbed through the lungs. Most problems occur
            as a result of inhalation. About 1,000 human poisoning incidents caused by methyl
            bromide exposure have been documented, with effects ranging from skin and eye
            irritation to death. Most fatalities and injuries occurred when methyl bromide was
            used as a fumigant. ...

            "Methyl bromide is a dangerous cumulative poison. First symptoms often are due to
            damage to the nervous system, and may be delayed from 48 hours to as long as several
            months after exposure. This delay, combined with methyl bromide's lack of odor,
            means that the victim may not realize that exposure is occurring until much time has passed.

            "Symptoms of poisoning vary widely. Soon after inhalation of large doses, symptoms
            may include headache, dizziness, nausea, chest and abdominal pain, and a dry throat.
            Three to 12 hours after vapor inhalation, symptoms include slurred speech, blurred
            vision, temporary blindness, mental confusion, and sweating. More severe symptoms
            may include lung swelling; congestion; hemorrhaging of the brain, heart, and spleen;
            severe kidney damage; and numbness. Death may occur within 1-30 hours, usually from
            respiratory failure.

            "Although skin absorption is not an important route for methyl bromide intoxication,
            the skin is affected by contact with this chemical. Methyl bromide can cause enormous
            blisters that are rarely deep enough to destroy the entire skin layer. Small amounts of
            skin or eye contact brings on shortness of breath and itching. If absorbed through the
            skin, nausea and vomiting may result. Clothing that can not "breathe" may delay the
            evaporation of the pesticide from the skin. Continued contact with skin can cause death.
            Ingestion of methyl bromide may cause hand tremors, and convulsions. ..."
        • Multiple Chemical Sensitivity: A 1999 Consensus


        • Permethrin, Pyrethrins and Pyrethroids

          Please, do not let the authorities, be they your governors, or workplace management or
          school or healthcare facilities administrators try to convince you that any of the insecticides
          in the synthetic pyrethroids are "safe" or "aren't harmful to humans," or "won't harm you."
          That is a ship load of, of ... of STUFF! --barb


        • Chicago Wilderness Magazine
          The Great Spray Debate: Spring 2003
          Could synthetic sprays eliminate our best defenseagainst West Nile virus ã a healthy ecosystem?
          by Arthur Melvile Pearson
          "... According to the National Pesticide Information Center, inhaling pyrethroids ã
          if you happened to be outdoors during spraying, for instance ã can cause its own
          flu-like symptoms: "coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, runny or stuffy nose, chest
          pain, or difficulty breathing...rash,itching, or blisters." Those most at risk are the
          young, the elderly, those with asthma, and those with chemical sensitivity.

          "As for long-term risks, the EPA has determined that pyrethroids are carcinogenic,
          although which risk classification remains to be determined. The No Spray Coalition
          reports that the various elements in Anvil are either known or suspected to be toxic to
          the liver, kidneys, the gastrointestinal tract, and the respiratory tract. ..." [Emphasis added/.]

          Cypermethrin is a synthetic pyrethroid, used in "foggers." Foggers are not "safe" insecticdes.
          There are no "safe" pesticides! Buyer beware! And using according to label directions
          doesn't make them safe either. -- barb


        • Cypermethrin - MSDS
          E X T O X N E T - Extension Toxicology Network
          "It may cause irritation to the skin and eyes. Symptoms of dermal exposure
          include numbness, tingling, itching, burning sensation, loss of bladder control,
          incoordination, seizures and possible death). Pyrethroids may adversely effect
          the central nervous system... "


          • "... Cypermethrin (AmmoTM, CymbushTM, DemonTM)
            "Cypermethrin, one of a handful of light-stable synthetic pyrethroids, is registered
            to control cockroaches, fleas and other indoor pests in homes, restaurants, hospitals,
            schools and food processing plants, and also in agriculture to control pests on cotton,
            fruits and vegetables."
            Is it also registered to sicken people? Read on . . . -- barb
            "...Symptoms of cypermethrin poisoning in humans include numbness, burning, loss of
            bladder control, vomiting, incoordination, seizures, coma and death. In California,
            cypermethrin is the fourth most common cause of pesticide-related illness in pest control
            operators. EPA classifies cypermethrin as a class C (possible human) carcinogen
            (EPA, 1997). Studies in laboratory animals have shown exposure to cypermethrin to
            cause reproductive effects, including abnormal sperm and disruption of sex hormones
            (Cox, 1996). Cypermethrin should not be applied near water, because it is very toxic to
            fish and other aquatic organisms. ..."


          " ... causes severe allergy attacks in sensitive people, dermatitis, asthma, rhinitis,
          anaphylactic reactions, numbness of the lips and tongue, sneezing, vomiting, diarrhea,
          ringing in the ears and restlessness; it can also cause convulsions, which is seizures,
          incoordination, and death from respiratory paralysis.

          "To say that these pesticides are perfectly safe is an outrage. With Resmethrin or
          Pyrethroid, it's particularly problematic, because the first death from a Pyrethroid
          exposure was reported right here in New York City in 1994, just five years before
          the spraying, by the current director of the New York City Poison Center. And that
          article has been given to the legislators, and it is in your packet. This death was as a
          result of a very brief exposure to Pyrethroid.
          ..." [emphasis added]
          By Dr. Adrienne Buffaloe
          Transcript of testimony of Dr. Adrienne Buffaloe on the effects of pesticides
          on people, particularly malathion and pyrethroids based on her own evaluations of her
          before hearings held by a Congressional panel chaired by Congressional
          representative Gerald Ackerman, of Queens NY.


            And to Dr. Buffaloe's list of symptoms from pyrethrin/pyrethroid poisoning, from personal
            experience, I can add Non-healing Wounds. Had the doctors flummoxed, but there was a pattern
            to my spontaneously cratering sores just as there was to the tinnitus (ringing in the ears).
            And my symptoms followed weekend pesticiding by my workplace. When they were off a week,
            my body was off a week. Cause and effect, but no one in management gave a tinkers damn. I
            wonder if that programmed spraying contributed to the cancers and other diseases shared by
            other staff. I may have been the only staffer diagnosed, MCS, but I was not the only one working
            with an Environmental Illness! -- barb


          from the Introduction ...
          "... health care providers generally receive a very limited amount of
          training in occupational and environmental health, and in pesticide-related
          illnesses, in particular.1
          ..." [emphasis added]
          "1. Institute of Medicine. Role of the Primary Care Physician in Occupational and
          Environmental Medicine, Washington, DC: Institute of Medicine, 1988. "

        • PERMETHRIN
          "The insecticide permethrin (in the synthetic pyrethroid family) ... is a neurotoxin.
          Symptoms include tremors, incoordination, elevated body temperature, increased
          aggressive behavior, and disruption of learning. Laboratory tests suggest that
          permethrin is more acutely toxic to children than to adults. ..."


        • Solvents in the Workplace
          American Lung Association


          Studies on Central Nervous System affected by solvent exposures


        • Symptoms of Chemical Overexposure
          Many of the effects of toxic chemicals are listed below ....... "Workers, How many Symptoms have you had? When and How Often? Under what
          circumstances? Did you report them to your employer? What was the response?


        • Toxins : How they affect us
          By Diana Fairechild
          "The following narrative was written in 1991 by James M. Miller, M.D., as part of
          Diana Fairechild's legal challenge to United Airlines for toxic chemical poisoning.

          "The U.S. Supreme Court denied the claimant's petition for writ of certiorari on 10-06-97
          and a 10-year legal effort ended with no compensation for loss of health and loss of job."


        • Woodlife
          • Chemically Induced Diseases: Synergistic Effects and Cumulative Injuries
            caused by Toxic Chemicals -- Understanding the Gulf War Syndrome and Multiple
            Chemical Sensitivity [MCS]

            Alexander, Hawes & Audet, LLP; By Richard Alexander, Esq.
            This may seem like a stretch, but this article includes info on reactions to Woodlife. - barb
            "...Champion International never advised purchasers of Woodlife, or their
            employees, to be alert for an evidence of acne that was commonly associated
            associated with individuals working in the application of Woodlife, or reports of
            rashes, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fatigue, dizziness, excessive perspiration,
            conjunctivitis or crusting of the eyes, depression or memory loss, insomnia or
            irritability, tingling or numbness in the extremities, blood in the urine or stool,
            burning sensation in the trachea or bronchi, nose bleeds, asthma-like symptoms,
            altered liver function, kidney or bladder infection or complaints, immune complaints,
            ongoing infections, children born with abnormalities, low sperm count, soft tissue
            sarcomas, unexplained fevers or night sweats, herpes sores or any skin disturbances
            below the eyes, at the temples or at the back of the neck or ears.

            "These symptoms are common signs of low level exposure to pentachlorophenol
            contaminated with dioxins and should not be confused with common conditions that
            have similar symptoms, such as colds or flu. ..."


          • Chemical Injuries: Dioxin in Pentachlorophenol:
            A Case Study of Cancer Deaths in the Lumber Industry

            By Richard Alexander


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