Barb Wilkie's EHN Website
Last updated 2008

EHN Board President Barb Wilkie was very ill from chemically-induced kidney disease for several years. She passed away May 31, 2011. EHN presents this site both as a tribute and as valuable information. Many links and references will be out of date but Barb's research holds up over time. We will be transferring the site page by page, with updated details, to EHN's main site. If you would like to reach an EHN staff person, please contact us directly.

EHN's General Links - T

Talc | Tamoxifen | Tampon | TCE | Toni Temple | Abba Terr, MD

Therapy | Thermography | Think Before You Pink | TIKVA | Time | Tinnitus

Tobacco | Tolay Lake Park | Toluene | Tourette Syndrome | Townsend Letter | Toxics

Trade Secrets | Transfer Factor | Transit, SF Bay Area

Translate | Tree of Life | Triclopyr | Truth | Travel

Steve Tvedten | Twisted Wire | Tygon Tubing

Outbound to EHN's Government LINKS

EHN does not endorse any product, service or therapy and none is intended or implied.
We bring you this information as a service.


21st Century

Table Salt -- "Table salt is more toxic than ______ (fill in the blank) pesticide."
Coined by Monsanto to describe Roundup.
The Center for Community Action and Environmental Justice's Pesticide
Organizing Project
"Misleading advertising has led many applicators to consider glyphosate nearly non-toxic
. In 1996, the New York State Attorney General won an injunction against the
chemical's manufacturer, Monsanto, for falsely claiming that the pesticide is as safe
as table salt.
[Emphasis added. This was the very statement used in a meeting with the
Alameda County, California pesticide experts held in Oakland in April 2001. I was present.
The entire section on Inerts found in Roundup from CCAEJ follows. -- barb]

"The inert ingredients [emphasis added] in Roundup may pose more danger
than it's active ingredient. Japanese emergency medicine professionals reported in Lancet,
the American Medical Journal, that the "inert" ingredient in the herbicide formulation,
Roundup, accounts for the acute toxicity they had found in patients poisoned (some
fatally) by Roundup.

"Symptoms included vomiting and gastrointestinal pain, swelling of the lungs and
pneumonia, reduction of blood pressure, clouding of consciousness, and red blood cell
destruction. The "inert" ingredient they identified in Roundup was polyoxyethyleneamine
(POEA) actually referring to a family of chemicals. It is added to Roundup to help
evenly spread the active ingredient, glyphosate, on target plants.

"EPA reports that it is common for 1,4-dioxane to be present with POEA. The International
Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) consider 1,4-dioxane and animal carcinogen and
EPA considers it to be a probable human carcinogen.

"We continue to not know what is in Roundup and other pesticides because the
manufacturers are not required to list them on the labels and have claimed that inerts
are "confidential business information that should not be available to the public." EPA
allows more than 2,000 chemicals to be used as inerts - many cause toxic effects including
cancer and at least 382 were themselves used as the pesticide active ingredient.

"In fact, hazardous waste have been allowed to be 'recycled' into pesticides as inerts.
You may be spraying chemicals like xylene, chloroform, methylene chloride, toluene
and other toxic chemicals. As one misguided EPA official said, 'it's a way of disposing of
hazardous materials.'"


  • TAC - Technical Assistance Collaborative
    From About: "TAC is a national non-profit organization that works to achieve positive
    outcomes on behalf of people with disabilities, people who are homeless, and people
    with other special needs by providing state-of-the-art information, capacity building,
    and technical expertise to organizations and policymakers in the areas of mental health,
    substance abuse, human services, and affordable housing.


    • Federal Housing and Homeless Programs
      This section contains information on federal housing and homeless programs,
      including the Section 8 Housing Choice Voucher program, McKinney/Vento
      Homeless Assistance Programs, the Section 811 program and more.


    • New Issue 25, September 2004 -
      Section 8 Problems Negatively Affect People with Disabilities

      "Proposals made this year by the Bush Administration will seriously undermine the
      Section 8 voucher program if they are adopted by Congress. This issue describes these
      proposals as well as HUD¼s continued mismanagement of more than 60,000 Section 8
      vouchers set aside by Congress for people with disabilities.


  • Take Heart!
    Info to help gain access/accommodation, MCS Proclamations, and the latest word on chemical
    injury related matters.


    Tampon Health Website, The (S.P.O.T.)


    Tau Topics
    An Eclectic Franciscan Site -- includes Least Toxic info
    owned by Judy and Mike Stouffer ( )

    TCE (Trichloroethylene)

    • ATSDR
      "What is trichloroethylene? (Pronounced try-klor'oh eth'uh-leen)
      "Trichloroethylene (TCE) is a nonflammable, colorless liquid with a somewhat sweet
      odor and a sweet, burning taste. It is used mainly as a solvent to remove grease from
      metal parts, but it is also an ingredient in adhesives, paint removers, typewriter
      correction fluids, and spot removers.


    • California Hazard Evaluation System and Information Service (HESIS)
      "TCE is sometimes called by other names, such as trichloroethene, ethylene trichloride,
      or ethinyl trichloride. It is sold under many different brand names, such as Tri-Clene,
      Trielene, Trilene, Trichloran, Trichloren, Algylen, Trimar, Triline, Tri, Trethylene,
      Westrosol, Chlorylen, Gemalgene, and Germalgene.
      "TCE looks like water and has a sweet odor like chloroform. It is mainly used in metal
      degreasing. It is also used as a raw material to make other chemicals, as a cleaner in
      electronics manufacturing, and for all sorts of general solvent purposes such as in paints,
      paint strippers, and adhesives. It has also been used as a low-temperature refrigerant
      and as a grain fumigant, and is still sometimes used in dry cleaning. It is no longer
      commonly used as a medical anesthetic gas. ..." (Ain't that grand?!? -- barb)


    • Mountain View Voice


    T.E.A.C.H. - Toxic Environments Affect Children's Health
    Ciba Geigy Superfund Site in Toms River, NJ

    T E D - Trade and Environment Database

    Television: - San Francisco Bay Area
    (Newspapers, Radio, Sports,TV, Weather)

  • Toni Temple

  • Terr, Abba, MD
    Witness Comments in the Case of the Medical Board of California vs. Robert Sinaiko, MD
      "[Note from Defense Brief:]
      "The 'clear and convincing' evidence also shows that Abba Terr, M.D., the Board's lead
      consultant on MCS, should be disqualified as an expert for any part of the Accusations
      made against Dr. Sinaiko with any of these four patients. He has both personal and
      professional reasons for being unsuitable as a reviewer with this Respondent. Not only did
      he share very difficult high-profile cases (e.g., [E.T.]'s daughter) with Dr. Sinaiko --
      with dramatically different outcomes -- but he also shared very difficult situations such
      as the police officer's death portrayed in the "Bad Chemistry" program aired on
      KQED and McNeil/Lehrer, again with dramatically different outcomes. Finally,
      Dr. Terr practiced and still practices in close proximity to Dr. Sinaiko and competes daily for
      allergy referrals and patients, a single objection that is more than adequate to cause
      him to be disqualified per the Board's published (Exhibit A -- April 1994) conflicts standards.

      "Dr. Terr has believed and published for decades that MCS is -- at best -- a psychiatric or
      psychosomatic illness. His dogma has not changed despite the world passing him by.
      Early on, many mainstream medical groups from the American Medical Association
      (AMA) to the California Medical Association (CMA) and the American College of
      Physicians (ACP) joined in Dr. Terr's bashing of "clinical ecologists" and their notions of
      environmentally-induced illness.

      All of these bodies had withdrawn their position papers on this subject by the early
      1990's. One can only wonder how much the $600/hr consultancies to industry on MCS
      continue to color his view in 1998?"

    • CIIN Library
      * ABBA TERR
      "Abba Terr is well known for his anti-MCS bias in his studies
      and expert witness work. Because some of these items are
      also found in other packs and ordering lists, the Terr
      documents are available separately as listed below (see also
      the Counteracting Psychological Claims Pack) ..."


  • Terressentials - Organics for smart people
    "Welcome to Terressentials. We hand-craft a growing line of truly natural and
    organic personal care products with no synthetic petrochemical or oleochemical
    ingredients of any kind - even in the fine print. We're a little unusual in that regard.
    In fact, some people call what we're doing a revolution.

    "Since 60% of everything that touches your skin is absorbed into your body, your
    personal care products should be selected with as much care as the food you eat.
    We at Terressentials make our products with only food quality ingredients and
    medicinal grade herbal extracts.

    Test Kits
    It's All Good! is from BC, Canada


    Tetrahedron Incorporated
      "Tetrahedron is an Educational Corporation that deals in health science and U.S. government cover-ups.

      "We educate people around the world on public health matters that concern all humanity. ..."

    Texas,The University of, Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas


    Of course, you can search for yourself, these links are just examples of what's out there. -- barb
    Also see EHN's sections on:
       Breast Heralth



  • Thimerosal
    Think of vaccines. -- barb
    The great thimerosal cover-up: Mercury, vaccines, autism and
    your child's health


  • Think Before You Pink
    "The Cosmetics Industry and Breast Cancer - Phlanthropy or Hypocrisy?"


    ThinkQuestÆ is an educational initiative committed to building and redefining
    "community" by challenging learners of all ages to create high quality, innovative
    and content-rich educational Web sites that are made available to others around
    the world via the Web.

    "We offer the world's largest selection of uncensored information on childhood shots and
    other immunizations. Because this is such an important topic, we believe that parents
    are entitled to full disclosure of all pertinent data, and the freedom to choose whether
    or not to vaccinate their children."


    • M. Hossein Tirgan, M.D.
      "This condition refers to lowering of platelets in the blood and if severe, it can cause bleeding.
      In cancer patients, it is normally due to chemotherapy or radiation therapy and is due to impaired
      production of the platelets from the bone marrow. "


    • VetNet
      "Resistant Idiopathic Thrombocytopenia and Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia in dogs.
      This is a VetNet special topic page concentrating on this condition, its treatment and
      care and the feelings of those involved in the welfare of the dogs. The discussion forum
      provides a valuable source of information and comfort to those with dogs suffereing
      from the condition."
      "Welcome to iThyroid--the Internet center for the investigation of the nutritional correction of Thyroid Disease. "Read this!! The information on this site is for experimental purposes only. There is no scientific proof that thyroid disease can be corrected nutritionally. The editor of this site is not a doctor and has no formal medical training. What works for one person may be dangerous for another. Consult a qualified nutritionist who knows your health condition before commencing any supplement program."


    TIA - Transient Ischemic Attack - A "Mini-Stoke"
    And as my aunt said, "Barb, it is only 'mini' to the doctors." One of my Many Chronic
    Symptoms of MCS is aphasia; most pronounced when assaulted by neighborhood fabric softeners.
    One of her lasting results of her three mini-strokes was aphasia. We had the patience with one
    another to paint word pictures so the othr could grasp what we were trying to communicate. -- barb


  • TIKVA - Cyndi Norman's
    Your source for organic and natural products, including soaps and Beeswax Candles.


  • TILT - "toxicant-induced loss of tolerance"
    Chemical sensitivity: symptom, syndrome or mechanism for disease?
    By Miller CS


  • People-Park
    To get current time around the world ...

    The World Clock Time Zones

    Timeline of fragrances
    American Society of Perfumers

    Tinnitus is a common adverse effect of chemical poisoning, be it pesticides or fragrances.
    From, BIOMARKERS of MCS, Compiled by Albert Donnay, MCS Referral & Resources,, 410-362-6400, 2/1999, rev'd 8/2000: "Ears: abnormal brain stem auditory
    evoked potentials (Cary 1997); tinnitus is commonly reported but not quantifiable."
    Also see PDF file of an EPA document on Fungicides barb

    To Do No Harm

    Also see EHN's Smoke-Free section


    Dad smoked.

    My father had his lower jaw removed, along with 2/3 of his tongue, the glands in his neck and his
    top rib due to cancer at age 60, in 1962. He had been a handsome man. He lived with the effects
    of that dreadful surgery for seven years, during which time he taught himself to speak again and
    returned to his practice of chiropractic. Dad died in August 1969 three weeks before his
    67th birthday from the effects of a stroke . . . also a smoking-related risk.

    My father-in-law, also a smoker, also developed cancer of the jaw -- the side opposite my father's.
    He underwent his surgery nearly five years after my father had his. My father-in-law's cancer
    spread to his lungs and he died in August 1968, 11 months following surgery. If you take time
    zones into consideration, it was to become a year to the day before my father died.

    My mother developed cancer of the larynx, coming on with a sudden and then lasting case of
    laryngitis in May 1975. In January 1976 she had a biopsy taken, which confirmed her illness. She
    refused surgery having experienced my father's plight with him. She did take cobalt treatments
    and continued working until the day after Labor Day, 1976. She died Sept. 30, three weeks
    before her 63rd birthday.

    My mother-in-law never really smoked, although in the early years used to fancy herself an
    after-dinner smoker. She never inhaled, and blinked at the smoke a lot -- the effect of her smoking
    was not fancy in the least, but it may have saved her. She finally gave up that activity upon the
    death of her husband. She lived a rather long, relatively healthy life, dying just five days before
    her 98th birthday in 1998. She suffered a broken hip in October 1998 and, while she survived
    the surgery, she could not win the battle against congestive heart failure and pneumonia.

    Between my hubby and me, one out of four parents lived a rather long, healthy life. One out of
    four was never a real smoker. Surgery for oral cancers are disfiguring, to say the very least.
    Think twice before putting that tobacco product in your mouth.The health,
    looks and life you save, may be your own. -- barb

    -- end tobacco list --


    Tolay Lake Park, Sonoma County - MUST BE SAVED BY APRIL 2005!
    • EVENTS


    • Friends of Tolay Lake Park


    • ATSDR - Toxicological Profile for Toluene, CAS# 108-88-3; September 2000


    • Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety
      What are the main health hazards associated with breathing in toluene?
      "The main effect of inhaling toluene vapour is on the central nervous system (CNS)."


      Note: This information is taken from ATSDR, 1994. They do not include fragrances. -- barb


    • Environmental Defense's Scorecard

    • Chemical: TOLUENE; CAS Number: 108-88-3
      What Kinds of Consumer Products May Contain This Chemical?

      12/04 . . . Interestingly, I did not see fragrances listed. Although they have listed products in
      whch you'll find fragrances such as moistureizing creams, nail polish, cleaners, and a string
      of uses starting with "Other."-- barb


    • EPA -


      • Toluene
        "Hazard Summary
        "Toluene is added to gasoline, used to produce benzene, and used as a solvent. Exposed
        to toluene may occur from breathing ambient or indoor air. The central nervous
        system (CNS) is the primary target organ for toluene toxicity in both humans and
        animals for acute (short-term) and chronic (long-term) exposures. CNS dysfunction
        and narcosis have been frequently observed in humans acutely exposed to toluene by
        inhalation; symptoms include fatigue, sleepiness, headaches, and nausea. CNS depression
        has been reported to occur in chronic abusers exposed to high levels of toluene.
        Chronic inhalation exposure of humans to toluene also causes irritation of the upper
        respiratory tract and eyes, sore throat, dizziness, and headache. Human studies have
        reported developmental effects, such as CNS dysfunction, attention deficits, and minor
        craniofacial and limb anomalies, in the children of pregnant women exposed to toluene
        or mixed solvents by inhalation. Reproductive effects, including an association
        between exposure to toluene and an increased incidence of spontaneous abortions, have
        also been noted. However, these studies are not conclusive due to many confounding
        variables. EPA has classified toluene as a Group D, not classifiable as to human
        carcinogenicity. ...
        " ... Sources and Potential Exposure
        "The highest concentrations of toluene usually occur in indoor air from the use of common
        household products (paints, paint thinners, adhesives, synthetic fragrances and nail
        ) and cigarette smoke. The deliberate inhalation of paint or glue may result
        in high levels of exposure to toluene, as well as to other chemicals, in solvent abusers. (1)
        [Emphasis added.]
        1.Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Toxicological Profile for Toluene
        (Update). U.S. Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, GA. 1994.


      • 2,4-Toluene diisocyanate
        "Hazard Summary
        2,4-Toluene diisocyanate is primarily used as a chemical intermediate in the production
        of polyurenthane products. 2,4-Toluene diisocyanate is extremely toxic from acute
        (short-term) and chronic (long-term) exposures. Acute exposure to high levels of
        2,4-toluene diisocyanate in humans, via inhalation, results in severe irritation of the skin
        and eyes and affects the respiratory, gastrointestinal, and central nervous systems
        (CNS). Chronic inhalation exposure to 2,4-toluene diisocyanate inx humans has
        resulted in significant decreases in lung function in workers, an asthma-like reaction
        characterized by wheezing, dyspnea, and bronchial constriction. Animalx studies have
        reported significantly increased incidences of tumors of the pancreas, liver, and
        mammary glands from exposure to 2,4-toluene diisocyanate via gavage (experimentally
        placing the chemical in the stomach). The International Agency for Research on
        Cancer (IARC) has classified 2,4-toluene diisocyanate as a Group 2B, possible human


      • IRIS (Integrated Risk Information System)
        Toluene (CASRN 108-88-3)"... In humans, toluene is a known respiratory irritant with
        central nervous system (CNS) effects. ..."


    • Health Hazards of Selected Extremely Hazardous Substances
      The Working Group on Community Right-to-Know


    • OSHA on Toluene


        "The following operations may involve toluene and lead to worker exposures to this substance:
          * Use in automotive and aviation fuels and as a diluent for cellulose ester lacquers

          * Use as a solvent in the pharmaceutical, chemical, rubber, and plastics industries;
          as a thinner for paints, lacquers, coatings, and dyes; as a paint remover; and as an
          adhesive solvent in the manufacture of plastic toys and model airplanes

          * Use as a starting material and/or intermediate in the production of benzene,
          toluene diisocyanate, phenol, benzoyl derivatives, toluene sulfonates, nitrotoluenes,
          vinyl toluene, and saccharin

          * Use in the manufacture of artificial leather, detergents, medicines, perfumes,
          fabric and paper coatings, photogravure inks, and spray surface coatings

          * Use in extracting various principles from plants and in scintillation counters

          * Use as a nonclinical thermometer liquid and as a suspension solution for navigational instruments


        "If toluene contacts the skin, workers should immediately wash the affected areas
        with soap and water. "
        Just think, users of synthetic scent put toluene in contact with their skin. -- barb


    • Raw Materials of Perfumery
      "Toluene: Benzyl Acetate"

      Tom's of Maine


      The Tomato Effect
      Tools for Schools
      After years of begging, EPA is acknowledging that fragrances need to be considered in plans
      for indoor air QUALITY. Thank you, EPA!-- barb

      Tooth Fairy Project
      Radiation and Public Health
      PO Box 60
      Unionville NY 10988

      Tourette Syndrome

      Towers -- as in towers for cell phones . . . see EHN's section, EMF/EMR


    • Townsend Letter for Doctors and Patients
      There is much interesting reading on this site. Check it out! -- barb


      Toxic Chemicals / TOXICS/Toxicology

      September 11, 2001 - The Toxic Aftermath
      Facts and Protection for
      Rescue Workers and Residents

      Thanks to the efforts of Cyndi Norman. -- barb

      While on vacation, I saw news items that EPA air quality tests showed no discernable levels of toxins in the plumes. I'd like to remind the world of the EPA's own words regarding air quality tests on indoor air: "Contaminant concentration levels rarely exceed existing standards and guidelines ..." (

      Remember the adage: "An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure." Now go to Cyndi's site and learn! Protect yourself. And, you may want to visit EHN's Sept. 11,. 2001 page. -- barb

      • CAUTION! - the bird safety page

        So says a message received via the internet.

        The company responds:

          "Thanks for your message about the safety of Febreze. "With all the rumors on the net, we understand your concern and appreciate the opportunity to reassure you of Febreze's safety.

          "The information circulating through the pet community is simply not true. Used as directed, Febreze is safe around your pets and on fabrics with which your dogs or cats come into contact. Staff veterinarians, scientists, doctors and safety experts reviewed the safety data of each ingredient in Febreze as well as the finished formula.

          "The nation's leading authority on pet safety, The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) has investigated these rumors and confirmed Febreze's safety. They have publicly stated, "Veterinary toxicologists at the ASPCA National Animal Poison Center are conducting an on-going investigation into claims that use of Febreze in the home caused the death of several pets. All information reviewed to date suggests that there is no evidence that Febreze represents any risk to pets when used according to label instructions. Presently, the center considers the product safe to use in households with pets. As with any cleaning product, the center recommends that birds be removed from the room until the product application has dried and the area has been ventilated."

          "You can visit the ASPCA at and you can get more information on our website at

          "We hope you'll share this information and our reassurances with other concerned individuals. Thanks again for getting in touch with us."

          USA Febreze Team


        Tyrone Hayes
        UC Berkeley Biologist who found Atrazine linked to deformed sexual organs of frogs
        Health Effects of ISOCYANATES
        From: Preventing Asthma and Death from Diisocyanate Exposure
        (Irritation, Sensitization and Asthma, Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis, Cancer)

        Institute for Environmental Toxicology
        • Toxicology Concepts and Information on Specific Chemicals

          Michigan State University

          ". . . Once a chemical is absorbed into the bloodstream, it can have several different
          fates. In many cases, it is rapidly removed from the body through the urine or feces.
          In other situations, it may be stored in various parts of the body, such as fat or bone,
          and remain in the individual for many years. A compound may also lead to a toxic effect
          through interaction with certain organs or tissues in the individual or with other
          compounds in the body. Often, a substance which is absorbed into the body interacts
          with particular body chemicals and is changed into one or more other chemicals. This
          process is called metabolism and the products are called metabolites. Metabolism may
          lead to products which are easier for the body to excrete and so can protect the body
          from possible adverse effects. In other cases, however, the metabolites may be more
          toxic than the original chemical which was absorbed. The variety of products resulting
          from metabolism may have the same possible fates as the original chemical -- storage,
          excretion or toxicity. . . ."


        • IET News


        Pesticides- Toxics - Endocrine Disruptors
      • National Environmental Policy Commission

      • National Library of Medicine
        "... TOXNET, a cluster of databases on toxicology, hazardous chemicals, and related areas."

        "An introduction to toxic chemicals and environmental health risks you might
        encounter in everyday life, in everyday places. To experience the site the way we
        intended, you need Macromedia Flash player, a plug-in for your web browser. "


      • report:Neurotoxins: At Home and the Workplace
        Testimony before the 99th US Congress, 1986 Keyed in by barb, typos may happen. Check that date folks!!! BTW, I've not been able to find this entire document online,
        but it was made available to me by Julia Kendall and it is available through the UC Berkeley
        Library. I will key in footnotes, only where they are important in explaining something. -- barb

        From page 4, middle:
          "Modern neurotoxins are of surprising variety and potency. Solvents found in both
          consumer and industryal products, such as toluene and vinyl chloride, are not only
          nuerotoxic, but can be addictive and induce intentional drug abuse. Methylene chloride
          -- an excellent solvent and paint stripper -- breaks down in the body into carbon
          monoxide, a potent indirect neurotoxin. Ironically, methylene chloride is now widely
          used in aerosols as a substitute for fluorocarbons that were suspected of damaging
          the earth's ozone layer. (20)"

          "(20) - On December 18, 1985, the Food and Drug Administration published in the
          Federal Register a proposed rule banning methylene chloride in aerosol cosmetic
          products, but allowing its use to make decaffeinated coffee. See 50 F.R. 51551."

        From page 5, top:

          "Musk AETT(23) and Musk ambrette, two tested raw materials of the hundreds of
          untested chemicals used in fragrances and flavors have demonstrated potent neurotoxic
          effects and the capacity to induce the breakdown of nerve cells and myelin sheath in
          the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves. Countless other substances applied
          daily to the skin of consumers in the form of soaps, perfumes, aftershaves, and
          detergents have yet to be tested for their chronic neurotoxic effects.

          "In all, there are 850 known neurotoxic chemicals. Regulatory standards exist or have
          been recommended for only 167 of these

          "(23) - AETT is acetyl ethyl tetramethyl tetralin"
          The other notes make sense only if you have the document before you so I've not included them. -- barb

        From page 9, middle

          "Mr. Volkmer *** [I]t appears from your testimony that most of the physicians out there
          [who] would normally be treating people who are getting sick and coming in are not
          really trained to make a dertermination as to the neurotoxic effects of chemicals or
          any other compounds; is that correct?"
             *   *   *
          "Dr. Spencer. There are remarkably few individuals who have toxicology training in medicine
          and who are sensitized to the possible problem of neurological effects, behavioral effects,
          psychiatric effects resulting from occupational exposure.
          They are well aware that this
          can occur as the side effects of drugs, but they, for some reason, don't put two and two
          together, nor do they ask searching questions about exposure history, chemical
          exposure history, when a patient turns up in their office.

          "The astute pjysician may, indeed ask what the occupation is and the more astute physician
          will go in perhaps and find out exactly what the individual was exposed to, but, by and large,
          physicians are not trained to search the history in the way that they should." ...

        From page 13, starting near top

          "Several witnesses at the hearing testified as to the need to coordinate health research
          efforts among and within government agencyes Some agencies, like the National
          Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), the National Institute of
          Neurological and Communicative and Stroke (NINCS), and the National Institute of
          Aging (NIA) have expressed special concern regarding the relationship between
          neurotoxic exposure and disease. Yet, other agencies, such as the FDA, are, according
          to Dr. Spencer, 'reluctant' to take the subject of neurotoxins seriously

          " Dr. Spencer illustrated this point through the story of the cosmetic AETT. In that case,
          industry scientists, assisted by Dr. Spencer, demonstrated that this fragrance compound
          was, in fact, neurotoxic. Industry took the test results to FDA and voluntarily
          withdreww AETT from the market. However, as Dr. Spencer testified ' ... it is significant,
          I think, that FDA, as far as I'm aware, choose [sic] not to regulate on that particular
          compound, so it can be introduced at any future time.'

          "Finally, the witnesses on health effects were asked by Chairman Volkmer to prioritize
          those chemicals which should be examined for neurotoxicity:

            DR. WEISS I think the dominant chemicals would be heavy metals, solvents, and allied
            chemical classes, insecticides, and I think, important but neglected, food additives. ... Also, certain
            air pollutants.

               *   *   *
            DR. SPENCER. I would support what Dr. Weiss has said. I wouldn't be so restrictive
            perhaps a [sic] to say insecticides, perhaps pesticides and fungicides, a broader category.

            "I would also add, because of my experience with regard to fragrance raw materials, that I
            strongly suspect the American public would like to know what is applied to their skin voluntarily,

            and I suspect that they would be very troubled to learn that for 50 and 30 years
            respectively agents have been applied to skin voluntarily, often under the guise that they
            are in fact improving their skin quality, but are able to penetrate skin, and a recent
            experiment with animals caused devastating changes in the pervious system. So I would
            like to add fragrance raw materials, some of which are food additives as well, to the
            list that Dr. Weiss offered. (Emphasis added.)"

          From page 14, starting near top
            "The testimony regarding the status of research into and understanding of the effects
            of neurotoxins was summarized by Dr. Spencer:
              "In summary, chemical substances with neurotoxic potential are legion. The
              majority of neurotoxic disease probably results from the side effects of therapeutic an abused
              drugs, including alcohol, although numerous exampls of enviornmental espidemics, industrial
              accidents, and ill-advised consumpton of purified chemicls have caused large numbers of
              individuals to develop overt neurological deficits.
              These probably represent the tip of
              the iceberg since more subtle neurotoxic changes go unrecognized.

              "We are ignorant of long-term effects of substances with neurotoxic potential added to food,
              present in skin care producs or used in the workplace.
              (Emphasis added.)"


            There is ever so much more in this document! Words cannot describe how I feel about this
            report having been ignored. Industry money not only talks, it yells! -- barb
    • Oregon Health Sciences University (OHSU)

    • Physicains for Social Responsibility (PSR)

      • Latest Research On The Truth About Parabens
        Living Nature
        "... There are lots of arguments about commercial production of parabens, and not much
        information around. They are produced from a petroleum derivative, toluene. ..."


    • A Primer on Toxicology
      "From the Summer 1997 issue of MSMR News, a quarterly newsletter of the
      Massachusetts Society for Medical Research, Inc., Leslie Nader, Ph.D., Managing Editor.
      For more information, call (508) 251-1556."


    • Prop 65, California's Toxics Law

    • Rachel's
      811 -- Human Exposure and Health Hazards, Part 2 -- February 17, 2005


    • Silicon Valley Toxics Coalition (SVTC)
    • Stop Toxic Trespass




      • Acute asthma - acute tachycardia - anaphylactic reactions caused by
        Fragrance & Perfume

        "In January of 1995 11 young Algerians deceased, following an attempt to get high on perfume of the
        international brand name "............." . They did not have a chance; only a few toxins are rapidly
        effective to such an extent, that death comes into effect within 48 hours, as seen in this case."


    • Toxic effects of chemical mixtures
      by Harold I. Zeliger, Archives of Environmental Health, Jan, 2003


    • Toxic Alert
      "Toxic Alert is a public service of Jonathan Campbell, a health consultant from Acton, MA.
      His mission is to make complex technical information about health and toxics in our
      environment so that it is accessible and understandable by most people, and to
      provide alternatives and health information so that people can protect themselves, their
      families, and their communities.

      "Along with articles by world-class journalists such as Paul Brodeur, Bill Ravanesi,
      Larry Shook, and Tim Connor, much of the information is presented in the form of short
      informational documents in simple language. They have been designed to be usable
      directly, with little modification, for community public information and organizing.
      (See below for more information on Toxic Alert and CQS).


      • 50 Harmful Effects of Genetically Modified Foods


      • Multiple Chemical Sensitivity
        (from RACHEL'S ENVIRONMENT & HEALTH WEEKLY #585, February 12, 1998.
        "Multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) is an ailment, or a family of ailments,
        that has very real consequences for tens of millions of Americans.


      • Poison In The Grass: The Hazards And Consequences Of Lawn Pesticides
        By Nathan Diegelman
        The S.T.A.T.E. Foundation;




    • Toxic Discovery
      "A National Advocacy Network Made Up Of Chemically Injured Medical Professionals,
      And Environmental Scientists Who Have Experienced Chemical Toxicity Personally!"


    • Toxic Environments Affect Children's Health - T.E.A.C.H.
      Ciba Geigy Superfund Site in Toms River, NJ

    • Toxic Most unfortunately has become an URL for a PORN site.
      Get to the old Toxic via The Wayback Machine


    • Toxic Chemical Fact Sheets

    • Toxic Chemical Use in Hospitals


    • Toxic Chemicals

    • Toxic Chemicals & Health
      Natural Resources Defense Council

      Toxic Chemicals in Your Environment (TCYE)


    • Toxic Coalition Groups

    • Toxic Fertilizer

    • Toxic Groups listed with the Progressive Way

    • The Toxic Links Coalition United for Health and Environmental Justice

    • Toxic Pollutants, Everyday Exposure to (Scientific American, 2/98)
      by Wayne R. Ott and John W. Roberts
    • Toxic Release Inventory (TRI)
      An EPA program, listed here for your convenience. See more EPA info at EHN's Government Links. -- barb


    • Toxic Sludge is Good for You!

    • Toxic Substance Control Act (TSCA)


      • Associated TSCA Websites and Important Phone Numbers


      • Background: TSCA -- Toxic Substance Control Act, as amended
        "... A major objective of TSCA is to characterize and evaluate the risks posed by a chemical
        to humans and the environment before the chemical is introduced into commerce.
        TSCA accomplishes this through the requirement that manufacturers perform various
        kinds of health and environmental testing, use quality control in their production
        processes, and notify EPA of information they gain on possible adverse health effects
        from use of their products. Under TSCA, "manufacturing" is defined to include
        "importing", and thus all requirements applicable to manufacturers apply to importers
        as well.

        "EPA has authority to ban the manufacture or distribution in commerce, limit the use,
        require labeling, or place other restrictions on chemicals that pose unreasonable risks.
        Among the chemicals EPA regulates under TSCA are asbestos, chlorofluorocarbons
        (CFCs), and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). ..."


    • Toxic Teeth
      News Central for the Fight for Mercury-Free Dentistry
      Note: Many links are PDF files. -- barb

      Toxic Tort Cases

      Toxic Trail
      A documentary broadcast on BBC World as part of the 'Earth Report' series. -- barb
      "The pesticide industry is big business. Annual Sales are over 30 billion US dollars.
      Major manufacturers say they try very hard to encourage responsible use of the
      chemicals ‚ they call it 'Product Stewardship'. Despite this, an estimated 25 million
      cases of pesticide poisoning occur each year. Nearly all the victims are in developing
      countries. ..."
      Produced by the Television Trust for the Environment (TVE)


    • Toxic Waste Case Studies
      Love Canal; Times¼ Beach, Missouri; Harrisburg, Pennsylvania;
      nuclear sub Komosomolets; Exxon Valdez
    • Toxics Watch Society of Alberta


    • Toxicity
      "This self-help alternative medicine site offers extensive educational information on the
      topics of natural healing, holistic and biological dentistry, herbal medicine, cleansing and
      detoxification, heavy metal detox, diet, nutrition, weight loss, and the finest, tried and
      tested health equipment and products available for the natural management of health."


    • ToxiCity: Report on Bayview Hunters Point Toxins
      by Lew Brenneman, MD, PhD; retired


    • Toxicology, The Institute for Environmental
      Michigan State University

    • Toxicologic evidence of developmental neurotoxicity of environmental chemicals.
      Andersen HR, Nielsen JB, Grandjean P; Department of Environmental Medicine,
      Odense University, Winslowparken 17, DK-5000, Odense, Denmark.


  • Toxicology, A Primer on


  • Toxicology Update Home Page
    Compiled by: Stephen A. McFadden, M.S.

  • Toxics Action Center "Fighting toxics in our neighborhoods Giving citizens the tools to fight back
    Cleaning up and preventing pollution"


    • OVERKILL: Why Pesticide Spraying for West Nile Virus May Cause More Harm
      Than Good

      Prepared by the Toxics Action Center and
      Maine Environmental Policy Institute - July 2001


        Maine Environmental Policy Institute
        126 2nd Street, POB 347, Hallowell, Maine 04347.
        Phone: 207-622-9766 Fax: 207-623-1117


    • Pollution Prevention Campaign
      Reducing industries' use of toxic chemicals is the most effective way to prevent worker
      exposure, accidents, waste and emissions. Our Toxics Use Reduction, Healthy
      Hospitals, and Healthy Schools campaigns improve the workplace and local environment
      by promoting alternatives to toxic products and materials.


  • Toxics Coalition, Washington

  • Toxics Directory

  • Toxics Inventory Release - EPA

  • Toxics Right To Know Campaign of USPIRG

  • Toxics Use Reduction Institute - Massachusetts


    Toxin Technical Information Index
    All Toxins viewed by Topic:


    Toxic Tort Attorney Resources

  • [Toxic] Winona, Texas


  • World Wildlife Fund - Toxic Chemicals
    " Modern society has developed an extensive array of synthetic chemicals over the last
    several decades - chemicals to control disease, increase food production, and to provide
    convenience in our daily lives. Ironically, many of these well-intentioned chemicals are
    now wreaking havoc around the world, threatening the health of wildlife and people. ..."

    Trade Secret